© 2009 2019 by Richard A.Antonius All Rights Reserved



(P:)-proposition,possible changes.(kosadoy diskasebla ti otra propondoy dal autoro til lektantoy)


A and O - le Alfa til Omega.

@ at (snail) ato, heliko, arobo, strudelo

à la carte  konfel karto, konfekarte

a, an (There is no indefinite article in Atlango) eventually: un

abaft  (It is a nautical expression) - behind – bakey , desprey

abandon (tr.-transitive) aband-es, qit-es, les-es

(Abandes navyo, domo, proyekto, enfo. Abandes se po desespero, (ka) po jolo.(Dio)

(To give up, esp. without finishing) The sailors abandoned the burning ship. 

Le maristoy abandis le brenanta navyo.

Give it up! - Abandes! Abandes to! Par! Deskomes! (Rezignes! Rezignes pe to!) We gave up the plan. - Mu abandis (farlesis) le plano. Mu par-planis. 

Never give up! - Nem abandes (les) to! Abandon hope, all ye who enter here - Abandes espero, tu conoy, qay entra tey.

abdicate abdik-es

abdomen (belly) belyo (insect ́s) abdom(in)o Abdom(in)o esta xenzovorto, pli preksa qe (da) belyo. Jabba The Hut,the character in "Star Wars" has a big abdomen. Jabba Le Hut, le figuro i "Stelmilitoy" maxa gran abdomo (belyo).

abhor, abominate (tr.) abom(in)-es (algo), syentes abom(in)o, syenses abome.

We abhor discrimination of any kind. Mu aboma ca-sortimenta diskrimino.

ability (skill) habilo, talento, ablo, 

He's a writer of remarkable ability. Hi-s verkisto di markeja talento. 

ablaze flamyosa, piryosa, (blaze - flam-i) flamanta

His eyes were ablaze with fury. Ha okloy flami da (po) furio. 

able (capable)(skilful) habila, ablendita, -abla I've always wanted to be able to speak Atlango. Mi cem langezi (mi dezi langes) Atlange.

able, (be able to do something) (tr./intr.) -ables,  pued-es fend-es algo

ablution(s) laveso, abluto(y) Hurriedly he finished his ablutions. Hi finis urge sa ablutoy.

abomination -abom(in)o

abominable - abomenda,-aca,(moral) fuya,fuy-,fuyviga, fuyenda, How disgusting! Qe abomine!

Someone had scrawled a strange symbol on the wall. Algono skrit-AC-is un cuda (bizara) simbolo sul (su le) muro.

about prep. PRI  , sobre 

about (around) cirke, cirkey (ronde) (cir-, cirke)(approximately) - cirke

about (concerning) pri, To temata… (pri)sobre

I've been thinking ABOUT what you said, and I've decided that you're right. 

Mi pyensi pri to, qom Tu falis, ti (do) mi decimis ke Tu prava.

above super-, sobre, i skalo

above all - sobre totyo. "Above all, you must be strong" - Sobre totyo, Tu estaba 


abroad esterlande, otralande

to live abroad:(in another country) vivi esterlande."They had never travelled 

abroad" - Lu nem viahi(s) esterlanden. Alilanden.

abrupt abrupta, (steep = skarpa) apika = skarpe vertikala

absence absento, faresto

absent absenta, abesenta

absent-minded distra (distrendes -to distract)absent-minda,absent-mentia,distrita

absolute absoluta

absolutely absolute

absorb (tr.) absorb-es, sorb-es

abstain ab(e)stin-es, sem dantyenes, "I abstain from alcohol" -Mi ab(e)stina (da) 


abstinence abstino

abstract abstrakta

absurd absurdo, absurda, absurdall

abundance yoso, yosezzo, plentezzo (superabundance - pluko, plukezzo)

abundant (adj.) plentyosa, -YOSa , -plenta  a, pe…, (pluko - too much)

abuse (tr.)(person) ofendes ,mal-trakt-es,(thing) malunt-es, pluk(e)yuntes, 

afrontes, insultes, 

abyss abiso

accelerate akzzeles, (be-rapides, be-rap-es, (boost - bustes)

acceleration akzzelo

accelerator akzzelijo, akzzeloro

accent (voice) akzzento ; (written) supersigno (po akzzento)

accentuate (emphasize) akzzentes, emfas-es

accept acept-i "I cannot accept the dogma of this church" -Mi ne aceptEDa le

 dogmo di ta Eklesyo. "I accept that you were right” - Mi aceptis ke Tu prava.

access akzzeso, akzzes-i (access time -akzzestempo- akzzes-emo) (in)log-i 

acces provider, interneto-medyataryono (medyanto), akzzes-medyanto 

accident akzzido, (akzzidento)

accidentaly akzzide,akzzidente,hazarde

acclimatize semkanklimates

accompany akompanges, akompes "I ́ll accompany you to the station" - Mi akompo Tu 

kal stasyo (stanseyo). 

accomodate (adapt) adaptes (adjust) yustendes, beyustes, kanyustes; (lodge) 


accord akordo, of one`s own - spontine, semakordes

according to - konfe, konfe-, konforme ka, akorde ko, Everything went according to 

plan. Co vi (vanti) konfeplane.

accordingly : konseqe, do, tezze, konforme, konfe

account konto, bankokonto (account in a bank) on your account - su tua konto

accredit akredites

accumulate komoles Snow accumulated in the fields. Snovo komoli il kampoy.

accurate eksakte, prekse, akurate, zze, zzea. Zem - akuratema - punctual (punteme)

accuse akus-es "She accused him of stealing her car” -Li akusis hi a klepto di la 


accusative akusativo  lom, -m  In Atlango -m suffix is optional, 

as subject-verb-object order is assumed when it is not present. 

(Atento: Dative = lon, -n , ka)

accustom behab-es, habaco = manyo, manio

accustomed, be  hab-es ,ru- (rutine) "I am accustomed to sleeping late” 

Mi(haba,rutina) dormes (somnes) tarde. Mi ru-dorma tarde.

acerbity (bitterness in taste) bitro, bitrezzo

ache augo, augino "My head aches" - Mi kepaugina, Mi kepauga

achieve (attain)  akir-es, (abling-es) suksid-es, bereales

"To achieve great things we must live as though we were never going to die.” 

Po akires grankosoy mu vivaba kaze mu nem va mortes.(mu nem intenta mortes)  

  (Marquis De Vauvenargues)

achievement n. P:ablingo, akiro, suksido,  erno, fendablo, afordo

achoo! (sneeze) a-cu! a-xu!

acid acida

acknowledge agnosk-es (konqes(es))

acorn - gyando

acoustic akustika    

acquaint informes

acquaintance kunato, kumpo, kumpezzo,

acquainted kunato,(kunatano, kunateno) kump(on)o, kumpano, kumpeno

be acquainted with someone - kun-es, kump-es ko.

acquire  akir-es 

acquisition - akiro, akirado,(what you have acquired) This car is my latest 

acquisition. Ta auto esta ma le plu lasta akirado. (P:ablingo)

acre xarpa

across (the other side of) trans(e), P: krose

act akto - aktes (ages) = funkes. also: certificate - aktado,-umento. Naskaktado, 

naskumento, mortaktado, mortumento = dokumento di morto seldaktado (bill of sale) 

aktAD+ERo - dossier.  - umento, aktaduyo - porte-folyo

act (a role) aktor-es, rol-es, plud-es rolo,

act of Parliament Akto di Parliamento - akto (aktado), statuto, lego 

action ago, ageso

active ageza (aktiva, aktala, proakta) hiperaktiva - plukeakta, plukaga

activist - agisto, aganto, (one who express through action)

activity agezzo, agezo,(agoDEZo) ageso agANDo!

actor aktoro

actual aktua, aktuall, aktuema (real) reala, real,

actually efektive,fate,infate,vyerfate,vyerfale,porvyere,prefe,reale, konfevyere

acute akyuta

ad infinitum sinfine, sinlime

adapt adapt-es (tr.); sem adaptes

add (join) adv-es, adve-, beyunt-es (tr.) yunt-es,(intr.) pluse

add, append, join so as to cause an increase - adv-es, adve-dares, adizzes (math.)

add (numbers) pluse, plus-es, beplus-es, (be)sum-es, beadv-es, adizzes

addition adizzo, advedaro, advo, advado 

additional adva, adizza, advall, plusa, estra, ultra-, adve-, plonga

address (on letter etc) adreso, to addres (to turn to someone)- dires )to present 

thoughts about - dires pri

addres book adresero

add-to(annex)aneks-es to join or add, esp.to something larger; attach (advedar-es)

(anekt-es  add (territory) by conquest or occupation)

adhere (stick close to, be attached, to be devoted) ader-es

adherent aderanto, simpatanto, fano

adjacent aukames, naubes ko

adjective adyektivo (alyuntivo)

adjoin to, (to attach) semadves ka, grentes ko, kontukt-es, altetukt-es 

adjust kanyust-es, be-konform-es, adapt-es, (be)apt-es

adjustable kanyustebla, kanyustabla

adjustment beyusteso, semyusteso, (be+ sem+) adopteso

administer to, admin-es, admin-estr-es

administrate diriges, admines

administration dirig-aryato

admire admir-es, (to wonder - astunes pe,pro,ke) 

admit (acknowledge) agnosk-es, admit -es, konqes(es)

admonish admondes, skold-es

adolescence - adolezzo,jovezzo, jovemo, yunemo

adolescent - adolezza, jova, jovo, (jovano -young man, joveno -young women)

adopt adopt-es

adore adorent-es (love intensely) am-od-es; ( between sexes ) amor-od-es. Ames 

intense: Hi simple adorenti sa meryeno.

adorn adorn-es, ornam-es, BE-klen-es

adult adOlta = matura

adultery adUlto, -es

adulthood adoltezzo, adoltemo

advance avank-es (tr./intr.)

advantage - avankado (P: avantajo)

adventure aventuro

adverb adverbo

adversary (enemy) adverzanto, adverz-ARYo

adverse (antagonistic, opposing, harmful, hostile or unfavorable) adverza, kontra, 


advertise reklam-es, anons-es

advice konsilo

advise konsil-es (algono ka algono) (konsil-ar-es, take advice - konsultes = 

konsilprines, (Mi konsilus ka tu lektes ta buko.)

aeroplane aeroplano, avyoro, avyono. (pilot - avyatoro, avyonisto, avyopiloto) 

passanger - avyanto

affable (friendly, pleasant, and easy to talk to.) afabila, plesenda 

affair afero; evento; konzzerno

affirm afirm-es

affirmation afirmo, proyeso

affirmative afirma, proyesa

afford aford-es, purmes(es) ka se, sen purmes, pued-es, ables,

1.(be able to spare or give up;)

"I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"- Mi ne aforda spendes du klokoy ko ta persono. (Mi ne spendeda du klokoy ko ta persono.)

2.(have the financial means to do something or buy something;)  

"We can't afford to send our children to college"; "Can you afford this car?"

- Mu ne aforda spedes mua enfoy ka kolegio, Qes Tu aforda ta auto?

afraid, be  efr-es, paur-es, afraid of darkness - dunkepaura, dunkefra,"I am not afraid of a dog". Mi ne hundefra. Afraid, be (regret) sorin-es (tr.) Sorine!  Mi paura ke ne!

after (behind) pos, pose (posey, despre)

after (in time) pos, pose, postem (posem) desantem

afternoon - posnuno, posmeridyo, posmeridy-em-o, tardemo. (evening - suaro)

afterwards pose, posem, pli tarde

afterwards pose, posem, pli tarde

again RE,REN-,re,re+en - ren, NUVE,denuve,danuve,enkevolte, Mi-s re tey. Mi-s nuve tey.I am here again. To do again - fendes nuve, re fendes, fendes ren.

something - renfendes algo, P: denuves

against kontre

age anyero, oldero, vivemo, qeranyo, (Qer-anya Tu-s? Mi-s … anya. Qa-s tua anyero?

aged (of an advanced age) anyera, molteranya, moltanya

agency agenteyo

agenda  agendo (agoplano - poragadero - P:pore-ago) 

aggression agreso (aggressive -agreseza, agresabla, agresyosa) atakezo 

agile (dexterous)- agila, fasilmoba  

ago: back in time  PAS, farem, antanye, antem, ten years a.: desto anyoy pas(e)(farem) (desprem, despos), antem desto anyoy; not long a.: nelongem (pas),nelonga tempo pre tyem; some time a.: poktem pas, pokte desprem. Pokta dyemoy pas. I oldemo, i faremo. Long time ago - antanye, longem pas, Some time ago - un tempo pas (farem), poktem pas = pokte farem (P: resente), recente, lastem, algem pre tyem, alge pre tyem, antem = pre tem. Just a moment ago - prem pas. ju. (after: pos, algem pos, posem, algem for, algem for)

agony agonio

agree (be in agreement, be of the same opinion) konkord-es (intr.) akord-es

agree (consent to something) akord-es (intr.) O.K. - o.k. o-key, yes! bun, bune

agreeable -  plesenda, kyerebla (likeable)

agriculture agro, agro-kulto; agrokulturo

ah! ah!, he-ya! Oh! Ay! Au! (sudden fear) hu!

aha! aha!

ahead - for! foren!, V(ant)es for! Vam! (VAM-) For-v-es!

ahead of -pre de,(di) frontale de,(di) fore (de)

ahem - ehem, hm 

ahoy! interj. ha-ho! he!

aid helpi, aydes, sukur-es. first aid - sukuro 

aide-de-camp (adjutant) aydanto

ail algines, penges

ailment augino, pengo, augo, malgo,-augo, -malgo, -OZY- 

aim (camera, gun, etc) apunt-es, direkt-es (take aim at - apunt-es)

aim (purpose) skopo, eymo (intend, -eym) In what purpose? - Qeyme ? Qa-skope? 

air aero,(ayro)

air-condition - aer-kondo, klimatilyo, aer-kondizzo

air-hostess stevardeno

airport aeropurto, ayropurto, avyopurto, aerodromo

ajar abret(it)a, hal-abrita

alack Ha-las! Vanido! Vanide!

alarm alarmo

alcohol alkoholo 

alcove alkovo

alert alerto,-a (vigilant) vigila (watchful)  alert-es, vigil-es 


alias (noun) pseudonum(ad)o; aliaso (adv.) otranume, alianume)

alien (stranger) alya, alyono, otrono

alienation alyezzo, semalyeneso, bealyeneso

alike simila, sombla -EZZA,(P:-ESKA) to eska… 

alive vivanta, vivyosa, vivoplenta, vivaxa, be alive - vives

all  co, totyo, above all [adv.] pre co, sobre totyo [adv.] primaloke, prime(re)

[adv] in all -totye, totyall, ca, (adj.), co (n.), cado, totyo, conoy 

(pron.) all the time [adv.] sinbrese [adv] totyem

all of a sudden [adv.] soprine, totye soprine, totye rapte(m)

with ALL one's heart [adv.] plentakore [adv] first of all [adv.] primere,

primamode, not at all [adv.] ne, na-mode [adv.] totye ne  

All Saints' Day [n.] Fyesto di Conoy (Ca) Santyonoy, Santyarya Fyesto. 

allay (to reduce -fear, anger, etc.)  bekalmes

allegedly konfedike, prexunte, suspond(it)e 

allow(let)purm-es,purm-ar-es,also -dari-AR-i. Dar ka mi tom fendes.

allow (permit) purm-es, purmes ka mi… Purmes ke mi prezentes. Les mi prezentes

Allow me to introduce myself Qes mi sem prezeneda? Mi purma lastavolte ka 

tu tom fendes.

allude alud-es

almond migdalo, almondo

almond tree migdalarbo, almondarbo

almond-eyed migdalokla

aloe N (plant) aloeso

almost preske, prekem, kaze, kanmakse (ne totye mo proximume)Hi preske esta ma 

frato.  Lo preske esta nokto.

alone - solta (lonely)

along (alongside) konfelonge, konfey, porlonge

along (at the side of) konfelonge; flanke; (together) kone; to go a. : konfev(ant)es; come a.: Vyen ko mi; all a.: totya tempo; konfevoye; -side: (prep.) proxey; flanke di; naube di, grento ka grento. (grentogrente)

aloud laude

alphabet alfabeto, abecado

already yu

also  toje, (je) This also is a fruit. To-s toje frukto.

altar altoryo

alternate alte, altern-es, semkambes

alternative alterna, (-ativo,-o,) alternado, alterneblo

alternatively alte- (reprukte), alterne, kambe

although (though) trozze, qenke (even if - anke ya, P:yanke) 

 Esemplo.:  hi-s generosa, qenke (trozze, yanke) hi ne-s rika. Yes,lo alge te 

sestis, ke, trozze li esti bune edukita ti bela, li ne semmeryenis.

always cem 

amateur amataryono, -ATARYONo

amaze beastun-es ,bemarv-es, konstern-es

amazement astuno, marvo, konsterno

amber ambro

ambiguity (1. double or dubious meaning;- duopla ho dauba senzzo 2. ambiguous 

expression, equivocal expression) n ambigva, eqivoko

ambiguous (unclear) adj ambigva, eqivoka 

ambition ambido

ambitious ambizza,(P: ambida) ambizzyosa, ambizz-es - to be ambitious

amble (an easy gait of a horse, a leisurely walk,) ambl-es 

ambush embosk-es, embosko

amen (Heb) Amen! (Lo estes te! - so be it!)

amend (formally change part of law or resolution) emend-es, mod(if)ik-es, modum-es 

korektes, reformes

ammunition (a)munizzo (a)munido)

among inte, inter-

amount (quantity) - qantero, qero, ful-,handful of money - FUL-polmo, fulhando di

(a) muno (pekuno), fulbrasoy di floroy, fulpokso di muno, fulpolmo di sokradoy, 

fulmaro di (ad) amo, fulfuresto di problematoy. (Problemadoy)

amuse (himself) sem divertes, sem jol-es pe, sem funes

amuse (someone) divert-es, bejoles, bejol-a 

amusement (fun) diverto, fyesto, P: funo 

analogue analoga

ancient antika

anchor ankro

and - ti  You and I - Mi ti Tu, Bele ti ekselente - Domoy ti stradoy. 

Mu ti lekteda ti promenteda.

anecdote anegdoto

angel  angelo

anger kolero, P:despito

angle (n.) angolo, vinklo, vinkleyo

angry irga, kolera, P:despita

angry, be irges, koleres, P: despites

animal - animalo, bestyo

animate (living) vivanta, animyosa

animate (to give life or energy to something) -anim-es, be-anim -es, 

animation anim(at)io,  kartuno  (animata filmo)

(make an animation for film) anim -es (anim-ataryono)

ankle maleolo, kavilo

annex - anekt-es -add (territory) by conquest or occupation

anniversary: anyofyesto, yubilemo, dat-revyeno, dat-ren-vyeno

announce anons-es,(P: anonko) proklami

annoy beembaras-a, beembaras-es, afliktes(tr),irites, beveks-es, befrustr-es, 

sorin-end-es, besorines, betrub-es, stres-(es)  Ne stres mi! Ne stres!

another (adj.) otra

answer (reply) replo,-es, P: respundo, renfalo, danfalo, danvorto. An answer is a 

response to a question, problem, or need. Responso. Danvorto, respundo po frago, po 

qesumo, problemato, trebo.

answer (solution) soluto

ant formiko, mirmo

antenna - antenno, antenoyo

anteroom anterumo

anthem (hymn) himno

anti- prefikso rezervita kal terminero xenzall ti teknikall qa signa ”kontre

anticipate antisip-es

antiquary - antikeyo, antikereyo

anus - anuso

anxious about, be - sinkalmes pri,da, stres pe, trub-es da, pri

any (at all) - alga

anybody - algono, qalgono

anything (something) algo

anywhere - algey, alga-loke

apart aparta , dis-a

apartment apartamento, lokteyo.

apathy apatyo

apologise  esprIVI sorino; (sorinIV-es) Ma sorinivoy, Ma sorino! Sorine!

app n (software) apo, aplikado, programo

apparatus aparatORO -ORO (desfreqe portebla)- televistoro, TeVijo, TVilyo, 

televiro, televizio

apparently  - somble

apparition aperado, fantasmo

appeal apil-es (it appeals to me - To apila ka mi (min) 

appear aper-es

appear(look) aspekt-es qe, qa, qezze, ki

appear(seem) sombl-es,  Lo sombles, ke li dormes. Fendes algo pol somblo. Hi sombli 

(estes) rika, maxante nado. Le vyero voltem n-esteda vyersombla. (vyereska)

appearanse (appearing) semapero

appearanse (aspect) aspekto, prezenso

appetite apetido  Bun apetido!

applaud aplaud-o, -es

apple pomo

application n (software) apliko, aplo, aplikado, aplado, programo

apply (put theoretical knowledge to practice, e.g. method, rule, law) aples, -APL-  

apply (put on) aplik-es, util-es, unt-es

appreciate, appraise - taks-es,(be-taks-es)  apris-es, mi tom aprisa 

approach apro ka, apr-es, kanproxo, kanv-es, apr-es, P: apre

approve aprov-es

approval aprovo

approximate (adj.) cirka, pliproxe

approximately cirke, proxe(y)(er)

apt (n) (aptitude) apto, talento, inklino

apt (v) apt-es 

aquarelle - aqarello, akqareloyo

arcade - ark-ad-o

ardent arda, ard-es 

April aprilo

area areyo

argue (give reasons) argum-es (intr.) argumentes

argue (quarrel) disput-es, arg-es

argh! ay!, ah!

arid arida , sekn-um-a, sinaqa

aridity aridezzo

arise lev-es (intr.)skalves(skalenves -skal(en)vantes)sem skal-es, priskales algo 

arm (of body) braso

arm (weapon) armo, armero 

armour kiraso

armpit akselo

army - armio

around cirke, cir+, ci(-)ronde (prep.), -es (ci-)(adv.) ronde, cirke, cirkey 

to go around - cirves

arrange (make preparations for) arang-es

arrange (put into order) beord-es, ordesm-es

arrest  aresto, aresteyo, arest-es 

arrival arivo, kanvyeno, (time: arivemo - desarivemo)

arrive  arives, kanvyenes (antonyms: desarives,denpartes)

arrogance arogezzo

arrogate (presume to) arog-es, usurp-es, (estes aroga, usurpanta)

arrow fleco

arse rumpo

arsehole N (anatomy) anuso, rumpotruvo; (person) fekalono, kanaylo

art arto  Qom tu pyensa (opina) pri moderna arto?

artery artero P: arterino

article artiklivo "le" 

article (newspaper) - artikolo

artificial - artifika, artifikall, artefendita

artificial insemination N artefendita fertilendo, artefendita impregneso

artificial pacemaker N (medical device) korstimulijo, artefendita polsoro, polsijo, 

peysmeykoro, (mobendijo)

Asia Azyo, Azio

as a matter of fact (adv.) fate, infate

as ... as  te … qe, (e.g., te fasila qe Atlango, te fasila qe Atlango)

as (being) ki, qezze = este, lom, (e.g.,as an expert she knows it = qezze 

spertisto li kuna to. Hi ki prezidento elektis hi ki sekretaryono. Hi trakti hi ki 


as (in comparison)  qe (e.g., gran (mega) qe balino)

as (in the manner) qe (e.g., as you wish = qe tu deza, dezira)

as adv (comparison)  qe, te; it’s like chocolate, but not as sweet - to sapora qe cokolo, mo ne te dulse; as ... as - te ... qe; as big again as duople grana qe ; as fast as possible  - te rapide qe eble; as long as  - te, (ki) longa qe ; as much/many as - te   molte qe ; as rich as - te rika qe; I want you to hit me as hard as you can -  mi deza, ke tu frapes mi te forte qe tu pueda; they are as alike as two peas -  lu-s te simila qe du pizoy; as far as (time, space) aste; as far as possible -konfeble; as far as I know konfe mi kuna, konfer mi kuna; as for - pe; rilate; as for example - esemple,  as a whole - generale. He acted as an expert (which he was) hi agi  qezze spertisto. While - daurem, he died as a prisoner - Hi mortis qezze karzono. Hi mortis dau desliberemo. As yet - enke, aste tyem, conj (because) bo, boke, po; As he looked like an intelligent boy, I hired him as an assistant. Bokel  garso aspekti inteligenta, mi engajis hi ki helpanto; (comparison) as soon as - te kortem qe, P: te ju qe; (even though) rich as she is - alger rika li-s; (in accordance with) konfe; as you will - konfe tua pleso; he acted as you requested - hi agi konfe tua reqeso, hi agis qe tu reqesis; (like) qe, qezze; as is well known - qezze lo-s bune kunata, qam se bune kuna; as you know - qe tu kuna; (of the same character as) such as they were - tezza qa lu esti; (to the same degree that); as if - qe ya, qezze ya, as it were (as though) kaze; as long as (while) dau(rem) ke; as well as (besides) adve, pluse. 

as if, as though,as it were - kaze, somble.  Hi korsi, kaze fantomoy persekutu hi. 

as soon as -te kortem qe, te proxem qe, te kortem qe,

ascend semskales,skal-v-es,sobren-v-es,kanmont-es(in direction on the top,skal-v-es

ascertain (a fact) konstat-es, semsertes pe, be-sertes pri, ke,

ash cindro

ashamed, be hontes, pudor-es, hontyosa, honteza, pudoryosa, pudoreza

asphalt asfalto

ask (question - qesumo, frago) frag-es pri… 

ask for pid-es,postul-es,aplik-es,reqes,fodr-es,(po,pri,beskalto di salayro,sueldo) 

asleep dormanta, somna = dormia, dorm-ATI-a,(dorm-et-es)

asleep, fall vam-dorm-es, somnes, dormes

aspire aspir-es, asp-es, striv-es ka (aste)

aspect aspekto, miro

asphault asfalto, bitumino

assassinate asasin-es

assault asolt-es, atak-es,  They assaulted a policeman. Lu asoltis le polisano. 

Man jailed for assault on police officer. Tano karzita po asolto kontre 

polisa ofizzaryo.(ofizzano)

assembly konvyeno, asembleo

assert (state as a fact) asert-es, insistes ti

assess impost-es (pages imposto)

assiduous laboreza, diligenta

assortment sortimento, sortiment-es (klasifikes)

assume (take a task upon oneself) asum-es (sem karges pe), prines su se

assumption  teso, suspondo, asumo

assurance (certification) sert-endo; beserto (certainty) sert-ezzo; (self-


aplombo, sel-fido; (insurance) asekuro; (arrogance) prezunto, P: arog-ant-ezzo.

assure asekur-es, besert-es (render certain) (insure) asekur-es.

assuredly: sin-daube,sinskepte,serte.

astonish (astound) bestun-es, konstern-es

astonished, to be - mervil-es, stun-es, stup-es, sem konstern-es

astonishing mervilenda, mervilviga, bestuna, bestupa,stupenda (kepturna)

astonishment (be)stuno, stupo,(kepturno) konsterno, mervilo

astronaut - astronauto

astute furba P: astuta

asylum azilo

at (beside, closely associated with,) - a, au+, proxey, (in neighbourhood - i 

naubeyo, naube, aunaube)  

at (the price of) po , por-

at first - prime, une, qezza-une, unall

at last - fine, finfine, laste, finall

at least  (kan)minime, minimume

at most kanmakse, maksimume

at once - bliksem, da volto - danvolte

at the same time - somem, i soma tempo, somtempe, intertempe

at times voltem, from time to time (da tempo ka tempo)

Atlango Le lango konstruita (artlango) da (fende di) Richard A Antonius. 

Atlantic Atlantiko

atmosphere atmosfero, atmo, ambyento

attach ataxes, anektes, adv-es

attachment (in e-mail) ataxo, kon-spedado, advo

attack atak-es, -o

attain akir-es, get-es, ating-es

attempt (endeavour) fors-es, 

attempt (try out) prum-es, -o (PRUM-) try to go - prum-vantes = prumves

attend (be at) asist-es (asistanto) , au-est-es 

attention to, pay - atent-es (tr.), semgard-es

attestation  atesto

attract atrakt-es

atractive -atrakta, atraktabla, atraktanta

audacity audyaso, sinhonto

auditorium aud-ATERY-o

August agosto

aunt onkleno

autochthonous autoktono, teynaskono

automatic automate, automatike

author autoro

authority [the right/power to command] autorit-ezzo 

          Po (boke) sa kompetento hi-x grana autoritezzo sobre sa kolegoy.

autumn  otuno, otunemo

auxiliary auksila, helpa, ayda, suporta    Atlango esta le lango (lingvo) auksila.

available disporebla, maxebla, poxebla

avaricious avara, grida

avenue avenido, aleyo

average -(normal, typical) avra, medyokra, plagrada, pla-mode

averse averz-es, desames, desples(es),(strongly disinclined, unwilling)  Are you 

averse to flying? Qes tu averza fluges? Qes tu averza avyo? Avyeso? 

aviate avy-es, avyales, avyANDes

aviation avyo, avyeso

aviational avya, ( avyala, avyall )

aviator avyataryono, piloto

avid - avida

avoid evites,  veh-evit-es,  kontaktevites - to avoid a contact – om-kontaktes

awake -  viges, semviges, vigeste - vige, sestante viga

awakening , vigesto,  vigemo 

away - far, fare, faren! Las (ko) to! Apages! Farves!

award - avordo, premyo

awesome adv(excellent)bunode, brile; granyosa, imponda, impondenda, temorenda

awkward malabla, desabla

axis akso (polar axis - polusa akso)

azure azuro 


babble -babil-es, blabes

baby - bebo, karinyo (kar+iny+o)

bachelor - bacelo, soltono, soltaryono

back (adv.) ren, ren-, baken! In time:  rentempe, Go back! 

- Renves! Ren-v-es - Go back

back (of body, hand, book, etc) dorso, spaldo, bako,(pugo = bakado)                          

backbone (spine) spayno (comput.: cefneto )

backdoor: bak-pordo

background ba(ka)grondo,fondo, bakfondo, despreo, desanteyo

bacterium baktero

bad mal(a)

bag sakfo      

baguette (bread) bastonpauno, bagveto P; bagueto

bah! interj (impatient rejection or contempt) ba!, (stronger) baf!

bake baq-es

bakery baq-ery-o

balance balanko, eqilibro,

balance balank-es, vakl-es

balcony balkongo

bald kalva

balderdash sin-senzza papleso;paplANDo, galimatiaso.

ball: (noun) (globe) bolo, sfero; globo; (solid, as for billiards, croquet, etc.) bolo; (filled with air, as for tennis, for aviation) bolo, balong(et)o; (bullet) kuglo; (of thread) peloto; (solid pellet) bol-eto; tennis b.: tenis-bol-eto; b. play : bol-, bol-pludo; snowb.: snov-bulo ; cannon b.: kanonga kuglo. 

masked b.: masko-balo; fancy dressed b.: tresklen-balo; b.room : bal-chambro; balzalo, dans-eyo.

ball (dancing) balo, dansevento, P:dansATIo

ballet baleto

balloon - balongo

ball-point pen   boloplumo

balls n (slang for testicles, also metaphor for courage) koyongoy

balsam: (tree) balsamino; (fragrant resin used in ointment) balsamo; pectoral b.: 

pektorala balsamo; -ic: balsam-ala.

banal: banala, trivya, trivyala, vulgar(ac)a.

banana banango, platango

band (music) bendo, muzikistero, muzikaryero,muzikantero, orkesto

band (tape,strip, stripe) rubango,banderolo,strio,teypo 

bandage bindo, bind-es

bandit bandido, bandidano

bank (finansial) banko

bank (of a river) strando 

bankrupt bankrupt-es

banner (comput.: banero)

banquet - banqyesto, (fyesto, fyest-es) yelofyesto

bar (for drinking) drinkeyo - baro

bar (the way) barik-es

barbarian -barbar-on-o,(barb-aryono)

barbarity barbarado

barely, hardly - zore, zor-,konpenge, kanminye,He had barely enough money to pay 

for the car. Hi maxi zorbaster (preskebaster) muno po pages pol auto.

(Esperanto: La malriĉuloj apenaŭ havas sufiĉan manĝaĵon. English: The poor barely 

have enough food. Atlango: Le povray zormaxa baster fudo.

barge (boat) P:barjo

baricade - barikado - barik-es

bark to, baul-es,hund-ek(lank)-es, hauk-hauk!, vov-vov! 

bark (on the tree) kortiko

barman - barmaid - baristo, baristeno, tapisto

baron barong-ano

barrel (cask) barelo; (keg) barel-eto; (of machines) cilindro;  to sell by the b.: 

seldi per-barel-e (po barele); to draw off from the b.: cerpi del barelo; b. for 

wine: vin-barelo; b. of wine: barelo di vino.

barrel barelo 

base (n.) bazo

base (support one thing with another) apog-es, suport-es

basement basmento, susolo, apogado

basin basino, pelvo, baseyo

basket - korgo

bat vesperto, pipistrelo, noktolo

bath (n.) balno

bath(e) take a bath - baln-es

bathroom balno-cambro, balnozalo, balnorumom, balneyo

battalion batalyongo, batalonero

battery (elec., milit.) baterio, P: bateroyo, pilo

battle batalo, fayto

bay (of sea) bukto 

bazaar: bazareyo.

be est-es(-s)I am-mi esta=mi-s,You are-Tu esta,Tu-s,Is it…? Qes to-s? Mi(e)sta...

be (well, ill, etc) P:stenses, bunestes, malestes, (bunsyenses - malsyenses)

be able   ables -abl-, puedes, -ED-

be behind posrestes, desfrontales 

be curious (at the moment) kun-ez-es, estes kuneza (personality trait) estes 

kuneza; I’m curious who he is.  Mi kuneza, qi hi-s.

be promiscuous - promiskfa, frekfe kambi sekskononoy (o partaryonoy)

beach plajo

bead (to make necklaces - perlinero) perlino, (rosary - rozokruno, rozokolyo)

beak beko

beam luminoradyo, radyo, luminrayo, rayo, strio

bean fabo, faseolo

bear (support) port-es, suport-es

bear -urso

bear up, toleres, endaur-es, dentyen-es

beard barbo

beat (defeat) venki

beat (hit, strike, lash, smack) batr-es, batreso - beating, disebatres, pistes 

smash, inbatres drive in, inbatres klovo centrel muro,(centrenmure.) konbatres - 

beat together, renbatres - strike back,interbatreso fight (fayto)frap-es, kolp-es 

(pyedobatres), vam-es

beat out disebatres, pistes

beatified beata, blestita

beautiful bela, linda (belaspekta, beleta) lavla

beauty belezzo, P: byuto

beautify  bebeles, P: kosme-es 

because - bo,(because of)P: boke, da, Le enfo pyora, bo tono yeleza. 

Bokel enfo edeza -(takause,do) tono pyora. Le enfo pyora da yelezo.

because of -P: boke, kause di, po to ke, also: da. To montra kauso ti eymo ti 

motivo toje kanvokoy di alga potento. Esemploy: Mi rida kause di (boke, da) ha 

naivezzo. Po Skyeloy!  Qer tu reqesa (maxeza) po (za) ta desnuva auto? 

become - sestes, Ses! semestes, konvertes. Do not be - Nestes!

bed (for sleep) sengo, dormublo, kamublo, Go to bed = semkames, sengenves, dorm-enves, to get out of bed - deskames, to put to bed - bekames algono, bedtime = kamemo, sengemo - dormemo.

bed (of coal, petrolyo) - bedo, yasimento

bedroom dormo-cambro, dormo-rumo , dormeyo, kamrumo

bedtime kamemo,sengemo One evening the boy requested that the father tell him a bedtime story.Unsuare le garso renqesi kel patro kentes ka hi un sengema storyo. 

bee abelo, abelero - abelsuermo

beer biro

beet bitravo, burako

before (in front of) frontale di, fore, (prep) pre (prey) ante

before (previous to) pre (prep.) , pre ke (conj.), (in time - antem),(in place - 

prey) For(en)!- Forward! 

beg (beseech) pid-es, granpid-es, pidod-es (pray (communicate with God) -pregv-es)

beggar mendikanto, almospidanto, almosono

begging mendiko

begin kom-es (tr./intr.) vam-es,(tr./intr.), bekomes,(intr.) startes, 

beginning - komeso, semkomo, komo di , starto, vamo

behave kondut-es

behaviour konduto 

behind pos, posey, despre, bake, ute, ester+, utey

being P: enso, ono, estent-on-o, estado, kreitado, kreitono, human being - homono

belief kredo Someone’s personal religious beliefs don’t justify breaking the law.”

 Algia religiala kredoy personall ne bejusta rompo (vyolento) di lego.(P:legio)

believe kred-es  ”If you believe something, you think it’s true.” Ya tu kreda algo, 

tu pyensa ke to(-s) vyera.

bell klosho

belong part-es,P: (e)stik-es partest-es, partosestes, It belongs to you - To (kan)parta ka Tu. You don’t belong here — get out. Tu ne (kan)parta tey - farves! (Far ko tu!) P: Esemplo: dom-estika, estikes ka

below sube

belt belto

bench benko

bend flekses, bentes, korbendes

bent (curved) benta, bebenta, korba 

berry beriso, (wineberry - vinberiso)

benevolence bunvolo, bundezo, bunkorezzo

beside - proxey (at - a, au+)

besides (prep.) adve to,estre, pluse di to

best makse bona, - (le) plu bona, besta, optimala (I do my best - mi fenda ma 


bestseller - furorbuko, bestaselero, bestaseldado

bet vet-es

betake oneself (go to) v(ant)-es ka, 

betray trah-es, denuns-es

better pli bun(a), betra, v. betr-es, plibunendes.  worse = peyore, peyor-es, 

Tampe meteo esta betra mo tompe (sem) peyoros. 

between inte, inter-

beverage - bevrado, drinkado

bewitch heks-es, magi-ob-es, bemagi-es, beheks-es

beyond (on the other side of) trans, transe, ekte, ekter+ , farey

Bible Biblo

bicycle binsiklo, "bike" - bayko

bifurcate P:binfurkes,voyfurkes, disfurko, diseyo

big gran(a),gran-, (huge -mega -granODa) (-OD-)

Big Bang BigBango, Primera-esplodo, Primesplodo, komesplodo

bill (invoice) faturo, invoco, bilyo

bind (to fasten or be fastened with string, thread) - lig-es

bind up - bind-es, cir-band-es(a wound) (encircle with a band)

binoculars binoklo, kampobinoklo

birch betulo, betularbo, betulono P:birko

bird foglo, ornito

birth  to give a birth - bort-es, being born - nask-es

birthday naskodyemo, naskemo

biscuit biskfido

bishop episkopo

bit(piece) partexo,elemento,partikulo -IKULO,(very little piece of) partexikulo

bite mord-es, -o,  mordes (a) sa lingo. I will bite you! - Mi mordos tu!

bitter bitra

bitumen bitumino

black nigra

blackmail xantajo, bexantaj-es, hares-(es)

blab  blabes

blade klingo

blame (condemn) blam-es, -o, kondamn-es, (be)kulp-es, 

blame (fault) kulpo

blaspheme (swear) blasfam-es, blaso

bless benes, ben(e)dikes,  Bless my soul! -  Ben´ ma spirito (almo)!

blind (sightless) blinda, -o, (to make blind - beblindes,)

blink (with light) blinkes, skintes, Blink!Blink! (briefly shut the eyes = blink-

es, oklum-es

bliss bliso, estasio

block (material) bloko

blond blonda

blood sango, (to bleed - sang-es, sang-um-es)

blot (n.) bloto, fleko, klekso

blot (v.) beblot-es, beflek-es, fuyflek-es algono

blow (be windy) vyent-es (intr.)

blow, blow upon  blov-es, bris-es (breeze - briso)

blue blua, azura

blur, to be unclear:  blures 

blouse bluzo

board (plank) planko (floor of a room -parkyeto, also: bordo)

board taulo,(blackboard) - nigra taulo

board (deck - also floor) (of ship, airplane, auto, binsiklo) - bordo, Go aboard - 

(sur)bord-es , On the floor in the room - Sul bordo dil rumo.

boast (brag) fanfar-on-es, praud-es pro

boat batelo

body qorpo,(chief part)chefa parto, qorpexo, qorparto

boil kukt-es (intr./tr.)

boiled eggs - ovoloy kuktita, kukt-ovoloy

boiling - kuktanta

bolt bolto

bomb bombo

bombe to, bomb-es, bebombes

bone osto

bonfire fyestopiro, bunpiro

bonus bonuso

boogeyman beboko An imaginary monster used to frighten children. 

Depyensita (imagina) monstro po paurendes enfoy. monstro,P: bogyo, beboko, (spuko) 

(anything that haunts, frightens, or harasses.)

book libro, buko

bookshop libreryo, bukeryo

bookstore bukstoreyo

boost bust-es (Help or encourage (something) to increase or improve. Amplify) 

bore (weary) (intr./tr.) bures, burendes, molest-es 

boredom - buro, burezzo, bur-atio

border to, grent-es,

border grento, begrent-es 

boring bura, buryosa, burenda, bebura

born,be  - nask-es (to born a child - bortes enfo) semnaskes, semnasko 

borrow prunt-es

borscht (borsch) beet soup - borxco

bosom sinuo (sul sinuo dil familio)

botch fusk-es (tr.)

both amba, ambe, amball

bother embares-(es)(tr.intr.), semtrubes, veks-es, frustr-es,

bottle (n.) botelo

bottom (backside) bako

bottom (lowest (of several levels)) dolo, infra

bottom (lowest part, e.g., of a vase or well) grundo, fundeyo

bottom (underside of an object) subo, subado

boulder roko, rokexo

boulevard bulvardo

boundary (of a state) grento, (statogrento)

National boundaries are becoming increasingly meaningless in the global economy.

Nasia grentoy sesta pli ti pli desimporta il ekonomio globall. 

(ple ti ple importa)

bow (bend) fleks-es, -o

bowl bovlo, pelvo

box (container, holder) bokso, -UYO, kontyenijo, kapso, doso, porte- (porte-oleo,

 porte-cindro (cindruyo), porte-mon(e)o. 

boxing - boksino

boy - garso,puano, jovano, (girl - pueno, joveno)

boy friend - amyano (gars-amyo)

bracelet braseleto,  brasringo

bracket n (punctuation) parenteso, krampoy: ronda krampoy (),orta krampoy [] 

(right - angled), korba krampoy {}

brain cerbo

brainstorming cerb-ob-o (to brainstorm -cerb-ob-es (mobes pe cerbo)

brake freno,-es, haltijo, haltendes

bran  brano, farin-ex-o

branch branko (on a tree)

branch (of industry)(branxo),branco,branch of company- filyalo, kompanyopatro,faho

branchia (gill of fish) - brankyo, gilo

brand - marko

brass (copper-zinc alloy)  bronzo

brave brava, koraja,P: valyenta

bread pauno

break pauso, breso

break rompes, pares, Par! Bres! Stop! Halt! PAR-  parfal! P: Bres fal tamode!

breakfast (n.) fremyelo (frema yelo)

breast brusto , (of woman) mamelo, nipple mamio)

breathe sopl-es, respir-es (tr./intr.) hals-es (take a sigh -sospires, 

yearn,long for -leng-es po, ka, nostalg-es) 

breathlessness angoro, sinrespiro, sinsoplo

brick briko

bridge ponso

bridle brido

briefcase porta-folyo, P: teko

bright bril(ant)a, hela, glansa, skinta, The stars are brighty tonight. 

(Las estrellas esta´n brillantes esta noche.) Le steloy esta skinta tanokte. 

bring -(kan-, port-es, bringes, trages, bevyen-es, P: fesk-es? feces

       Can you bring me something to drink again?

                 Qes Tu portEDa k´ mi (min) algo po drinkes re? 

bring forth produkt-es, forbring-es, est-end-es

bring up eduk-es

broad breda, (vasta) Konfebrede = transverse  desebreda - narrow

broadcast emises, audendes, transmises, cen-audendes, cen-voc-es 

broccoli n (Brassica oleracea italica) brokolo

bronchial tube - bronko

broom - skobijo

brother or sister - hermo

brother - frato, hermano (religion - fratro)

brother in low - halfrato, xograno (brather or sister in low = xogro)

brow brovo

brown bruna

browse brausi, browse the net - net-ag-es , net-ob-es, qal-net-es

browser brausijo, folyendijo, (re)xerk-oro

brush (verb) (as hair) broses; (in painting) penzzeles; (graze) froles; (sweep

skob-et-es; b. away: (tears) freg-es, besekn-es; b. up: (languages, etc.) 


brush: (noun) brosijo (the act) bros(and)o;  (artist’s, painter’s b.) braxo, 

penzzelo, pintijo; toothb.: dyento-bros-ijo; clothes b.: kleno-bros-ijo; stroke of

 the b.: broso; penzzel-stroko; (b. for shaving) barbo-penzelo.

brush (for brushing) broso, brosijo

brush (v.) bros-es, brax-es

bubble boblo, bobleto

buckle fibelo, fibel-es (pe belto)  Atento: curl= buklo!

bud (of flower/leaf) borgo, borg-es

budget bujeto, (budjeto)

bug n (computer) eraro, cimo, bugo

build (kon)strukt-es, bild-es

building bildado, konstruado

bulb (elecric) elektra ampolo

bull tauro

bullet kuglo, projektilo

bulletproff vest  pari-kuglo, pari-kugla vesto (kamizolo)

bulletin buletino

bump bamp-i (batr-et-es) bam!

bunch (bundle) bunco

bungle fusk-es

bureau byuro, kontoro

bureaucrat byurokrato

burn bren-es (tr./intr.)kreum-es (intr.)(tr)(smoulder - smoldes, 


burst krev-es, esplod-es, erupt-es

burst (start or a sudden display or increase of effort or action) vam-es, vam-

to burst into tears - vames (ka) lakroy, vam(es) ka laboro! Burst of laughter -

Vamo di rido. A burst of applause - Vamo di aplauso, (vamaplauses) a burst of 

activity -vamo di ago 

bury grab-es, sepolt-es, intomb-es, betombes

bus autobuso, buso

bush arbusko, busko (vepro - undergrowth )

business (commerce) komerso, bizneso

business (firm) firmo

businessman biznesisto, komersisto

busy biza, afera pe,  sem biza pe, biza algono pe laboro.I ́am busy with books - Mi 

biza ko (pe) bukoy. Mi afera pe bukoy. 

but - mo

butt (of rifle, grip of pistol) kolbo

butter butero

butterfly papilo, motilo

button buto

buy kof-es, xop-es 

buzz (hum) zumbes

by all means totya-mode, ca-moye - by means of - pe, (per-) vya, a

He pulled him by the ears. Hi trekis hi al oreloy. She picked up the suitcase by

 the handle. Li levis le valiso al (a le) tyenijo.

by (done by) pe(r-), fendita pe, verkita pe,(indicating agent after passive verb) 

le parentoy esta amata (amatas) di sa enfoy: the parents are loved by their 

children; spedita di Dio: sent by God; le murdo di Cesar pe Brutus: the murder

 of Caesar by Brutus; (authorship ) dramoy da Shakespeare: dramas by Shakespeare; 

(Verke di) da qi lo-s ta buko? By whom is that book?

by heart - membe, permembe, konfemembe, kanmembe

by (near)a, proxe,(proxey),flanke-(in neighbourhood-i naubeyo,naube a)        baypax-es (also: pas, pasem = ago)  paskorses, baypas-es (also: pas, pasem = ago) paskorses

by way of, via  - per(e) di


cabaret kabareo

cabbage kaulo

cab, cabin - cabino,(horsedrawn) fyakro, (taxi) taksino, taksoyo

cable kablo

cage kajo, kavyo, prijuyo

cake kekso   I want to eat many cakes. Mi yeleza molter keksoy 

calculate kalkol-es

calendar kalendero, almanako

calf kalfo

calf (of leg)  suro

call telephone, foni (phonecall - fontoko, -es)

call (ask to come) kanvok-es, come to pick up - P: prinvyenes, prinarives

telephone call - fontoko

calm kalma, kalm-es (to be calm) Kalmes!- Gently! P: Kal!

camera kamero

camp kampo,kampeyo, kampero,

camp teldero, teldeyo

camper  kamperauto, kamperilyo

campers kamperistoy, kampumistoy

can (be able) - puedes (-ed-), -ables, kunedes 

can (tin) bokseto metall, kango, doso,-uyo (mess-tin - gamelo) cancer kancero

cancel kanseli,(nullify)  zerendes, elimines, PAR-, -ING-, qites 

candle -kandelo

candy -karamelo, bonbo, sokrado, dulcado 

cannon - kanongo

canoe kanoyo (kanoo)

canton kantongo

canvas kanovaso

capable abla, P:puedabla The company isn't capable of handling an order 

that large. Le kompanio ne-s abla (puedabla) mestres un ordeso te vasta (ampla).

capacious kapaksa    The most capacious iPod. Le plu kapaksa iPodo. 

capcise (of a boat) be overturned in the water. - kepsines, kepoveltes

cape kabo, promontoro,

capitulate kapitul-es

caprice kaprico , kaprica, kambe-muda

captain kepitano

captain-woman kepiteno

car auto, carto, auto-mobilyo

carbine karabino

cardboard kartongo

care about - keres pri

care for (nurse) nurses, ker-es

care of, take,  P:anges ti, keres

care (attention) atento, ango, kero

care (concern) konzzern-es

care (protection) protekto (medically treat - kuro )

care (take c. of by physical acts) anges (algono, algo); (for the sick, infants)

 nurses, (be concerned, anxious about) keres (algono, algo); (to feel interest)

 atentes,interes(es) pe, take c.: Ker! Atentes! Voluntes reflektes, max ango pri; 

I do not care about it!.: mi ne kera pri to!, kyera, ama; deza, dezira.

care: (noun) ango; nurs(and)o; kero; (attention) atento; (guardian-ship) 

respons-ezzo, gardo; careful: semgardeza, ker-eza, atent-eza; prudenta; diligenta.

career: karyero (course of life) vivo, vivemo, vivdauremo; (trade, profession) 


carefree (happy-go-lucky, worry-free) fri-anga, sinanga, fasilanima

carefull kera, pro-kera, kereza

careless: ne-ker-eza, neglekt-anta, -eza; sin-kera, deskera,

act of c.ness: ne-ker-ado, neglektado

caress karis-es, alt-am-es, amortuktes, (each other) altekaris-es

carpentery karpento, karpentio

carpenter karpentisto

carpet tapixo

carriage (railway) vagno,(vagono) (horse-drawn cart - karozzo, carto)

carrot karoto

carry port-es,by a vehicle-cart-es,(be)veh-es,cart,karozzo,vagno,carto

carry on (continual) continue, daurem-es, kontines, prozzes(es)

frequent- freqenta(-EMes- -ANDes- from time to time)repeated action or process: 


cart karto, pruvokarto,  legitimkarto, bankokarto, postokarto

carton kartongo

cartoon kartuno

cartridge patruno, P:kartrido

cascade kaskado

case (container) bokso, kesto, kofro, (suffix) -uyo, porte-

case (instanse) kezo (po qalga, ca kezo)

cash (coin) munexo, groxo

cash (money) kaxo, muno

casino kasino

cassette kaseto

castle kastelo 

castling arokfo (chess - xako)

casual kasuala, kasuall, hazarda, fasilanima

cat gato

catacomb katakumbo

catapult katapulto -es, lans-es (lanses rakyeto)

catastrophe katastrofo

catch (capture) kept-i

category kategorio

Catholic katoliko

cattle bruto

cause (of an event) kauso, kauselo

cause (v.) efektendes, kaus-es, -endes, produktes

cautious kauta, kautyosa, semgardeza, atenteza, prudenta, Kaute!

cavalier kavelaryano, kavelaryo, kaveloro

cave kavo

CD. disko

CD-ROM CD-ROMo (sidi-romo) (codo-romo) (cede-romo)

cease par-es,(PAR-)  qit-es

cede (yield, give away) zzed-i Much of the territory along the border was ceded to 

the United States. Molto dil terdorio konfelonge le grento zzedita-s kal 

    (Sem)Uninta Statoy. (USo)

ceiling plafondo

celebrate celebr-es, fyest-es

celery selerino

celestial skyela, skyelarr, skyelestall

cell celo (cell phone - celfono, mobilo, mobijo)

cellar basmento, kelo

cellular cela, celera, celplenta

cemetery  cementerdo, tombeyo, tombero

cent cendo

centre centro

century centuro,centanyo, centemo

cereal grayno, ceryalo (rye - sekalo)

certain (a certain) alga, un, una, sertuna -certain of somebody, something.

(particular people or things in a group)

There are certain things I just can't talk to my mother about.

Lo-s sertuna kosoy qam simple mi ne pueda fales (ne faleda) ka ma matro.

certain (sure) serta, (to be c. -sert-es) certainly (for sure) serte

certifikate  sertifik-es, sertifikado

chagrin xagrino, (sorrow mixed with anger)(tr.,intr.)be out of humor (be vexed) 

(intr.) xagrines, P: despites; (grieve, suffer mentally) (intr.) sorin-es,(vex) 

veks-es, griv-es pri...

chain kadengo, cengo

chair sejo, sidijo, sidelo.  Porfavore kantablendes le sejoy. Yelinte se datablenda 

le sejoy. (edves - to eat)

chairlift sidel(o)lifto

challenge: (defy) deft-es; (milit.) klames “qi va?!”  

challenge: (n.)  celengo, defto, deftado, deftendo

challenge-cup: celengo, trofeo-kaliko, pokalo

challenger: deft-anto, celenganto

chamber cambro, rumo

chamberlain cambelano, cambrano

champion campono

change kambes(tr.)

chanse canso, evento, fortuno

chanse (unknown element) hazardo, risko 

chaos kaoso

chaotic kaosa, kaotika (When things are messy, crazy, and all over the place) 

pell-mell - pelo-melo, harum-skarum 

chap  P:hombro, homino, homono, ono, ano, eno

chaperon dueno, akompeno, kumpeno, caperono 

chapter (of a book)  kepitelo 

character (quality) karakto, karaktezzo (-EZZO)

characterize: karakt-endes, distines. 

characterization: karakt-endo, distino

characteristic karakter-istik-a , karaktezza

charge karges

be in ch. of - estres, mestres, 

charm xarm-es, (grasyo)

chart, diagram

charter cartero

chase yakt-es, -o

chaste (pure, vestal) casta, virtusa

chat - cato, cat-es, chat room cateyo, cat-rumo

cheap - bilga, deskara, baspraza, doltepraza

cheat (swindle) fraud-es, frip-es (!) frip-on-o , fraudono -swindler

check (test) kontrol-es, -o, test-es

check in incek-es

check (bank's) ceko

cheek - vango

cheep pep-es

cheese - cizo, keso

chemise xemiso, kalmiselo

cheque ceko

cherrio Saluto

cherry - ceriso

chess xako,   xakpartido

chest torako, busto

chew (masticate) mastikes, 

chicken galo, kokito (chicken meat in general) kokado,(meat of young chicken) 


chickpea garbanzo, cizzoro

chief xefo, -a , xefano, xefeno,

chief (main) prinsipa, cefa, cef-, primergrava, (le)plu importa

child - enfo, puo, bambo = puono (also: filo e dotro) baby - bebo

little boy - puano, garseto, enfano, little girl - pueno, enfeneto

childhood - enfemo, puemo

childish - enfezza, puezza (enfezzado)

childlike  enfa, pua (enfall, puall)

chimney komino, fumtubo

chin mentongo , barbilo

China Cino,Cinio  

Chinese Ciniono

chip cipo

chips (fries) cipsoy

chirp cirp-es (insects, birds) fogl-ek-o, insekt-ek-o 

chocolate - cokolo

choice (n.) opto, elekto, alternative - alternato, alternado

choose elekt-es, selekt-es, preselekt-es

chop hak-es

chop-sticks - qayzo, haxio

Christmas Eve  Vigilemo

church (building) kirko, pregveyo

Church Eklezio, also: Kirko

cigar cigareo

cigarette cigareto

cinema kino, sinematografo - kineyo, sinematografio, sinemo, sinemato

cinical cinika, cinikall

cipher (code) xifro (sekreta xifro, bexifr-es mes(aj)o) 

circle cirkolo

circular(round) ronda , cirkolarr, ciforma

circulate cirkol-es, cir-mob-es, cirk-ob-es, cir-korses 

circumstanse ci(rke)stanso, konsito , rondostanso 

circus cirko, cirkuso

city, town - cito, citoyo, urbo,

citizen citono, urbono, statono, loktanto, loktaryo

civil civilono (citono ne militista) 

civilisation civiliso, civilisio

civilise becivilis-es

claim (assert) asert-es, Some people claim 'it's just a joke'. Sertuna hominoy 

aserta, ke to-s solme joko.

claim (lay claim to) pretent-es 

clandestine kland(est)a, sekreta, kripta

clap klap-es, klak-es (pe polmoy)

clarify - be-klar-es

class (all senses) klaso

classroom klaseyo

clay argilo

clean  purga, bepurg-es

clear (adj.)klara (evident) evidenta

clench klenc-es, konpres(es)

clever habila, abla, smarta

click klik-es (mausklikes-(maus-es)- to click with a mouse,

(move or strike with a noise - mobes ho frapes ko bruso)

He clicked on the light. P: Hi (in)klikis le lumino. (lukso)

client kliento

climate klimo - weather - klimo, meteo

climb klimb-es, mont-es, eskal(t)-es (intr.) (by stairs, by ladder)

clip tond-es, klip-es pe cisoro, cisor-es

clique klikio, P: klikfo

cloak mantelo, cloak-room kleneyo

cloche kloxo

clock klokijo (watch), tempijo, klokORo (bigger) klokilyo

clockwise deksen, deksaflanken, konfekloke

clod (lump) bulo (bulo di kara metalo) lumpo

clone kloni

close to  proxe, proxe ka, proxey 

close (nearby) proxa, P: aukama, proxekamanta

close (v.) (shut) klos-es ( klefes - kloses pe klefo)

clasp klaspo,agrafo(hook-hoko)(for fastening things together)klaspes,agrafes,hokes

cloth (piece of) tuko

cloth (woven fabric) stofo

clothes kleno, klenoy, klenado, P:-umo

take off clothes - (sem)biklenes = desklenes,  negl-es, nakn-es, ses(tes) nakna.

kfit(es) le klenoy. Des (far) kol klenoy!

cloud klaudo, gran klaudo - nebuloso

clown klauno

club (society) klubo

club klabo,bastongo

clue kluo, indiso

clumsy P:klamsa, plumpa

cluster klustero, masio, P: amazo, komolo, komolado

coal karbo, karb-um-o

coalition koalido, koalid-es

coast (shore) (sea and river) strando, (mar)xoro, at river: rivajo (riveyo) 

coat (covering) kovrado

coat (overcoat) mantelo,surtuto,kapoto - overcoat,storm or heavy coat

coat rack porte-mantelo

cockroach kakrauco,blato

cocktail kokteylo

code kodo, kod-es

coffee kafo

coffer kofro

coffin kofino, cerko (fino il kofino)

cog (cogwheel) kogo, kogroto

cohesion semkontyeno, kontyenezzo, P: konheso

cohort kohordo, hordo

coin monexo, (pekun-ex-o) P: moneto

coincide koinsid-es

cold (adj.) kolda, molte kolda = friga 

collapse kolapses

collar krago

colleague kolego

collect koleks-es, P: saml-es, konprin-es,

collection kolekso, koleksuro, samlo, -ero P: koner-es

collective kolekso, koleksio,koleks-al-o,P: konero 

college kolegio

collide kolid-es

colloquial par(o)la, kolloqiall

collusion kolusio,to be in = kolus-es, kolusag-es. Journalists suspected that the 

army was acting in collusion with the terrorists.

Jornalistoy suspeti ke-l armio kolusagi (lo agi i kolusio, koluse) ko-l teroristoy.

colonel kolonelo

colony kolonio

colonize bekoloni-al-es, koloni-um-es (koloni-al-ist-o) - kolon(i)isto

colossal kolosa, kolosall, mega, granoda

colour koloro, farbo, be-kolor-es, -ofarba, -okolora, 

column kolumno

coma komatoso

comb - kumb-i (pe kumbijo)

comb - (on animals) kresto, pektino

combat kontrebatal-es, kontrebatr-es

combine komb-es, kombines

come vyen-es,ariv-es, kanvyen-es come back -renvyenes,Vyen!come here!- Vyen 

tey(en)! come on! Do(ke)vames! Vam! Lo vyenis centren (ka) ma kepo felica ideo.

comedy - komedyo

comfort (n.) komforto komforteblo, oportuna

comfortable komfortebla

comic (adj.) komika; komedyall

comma kommo

command imper-es, kumand-es, ordun-(es)

comment on koment-es (tr.) komento

commerce komerso

commission komisyo (commissar - komisyaryo)

common (belonging to several) komuna, komunia, kona

"What we have in common is that we are all different from each other."
Atlango: ”To,qa mu-x
komune,to-s ke mu conoy difra un-dal-otra."

Esperanto: "Tio,kion ni havas kone,estas ke ni c^iuj estas diferencaj unuj de la aliaj."

Fransie:"Ce que nous avons en commun est que nous sommes tous différents l'un de l'autre".

common (ordinary) ordinala

commonly ordinale, norme, normale

commonplace banala, banall

communicate komunik-es

community konio, komunio (koleksivio)

communion santya komunyo

companion kumpo, kumpono, kumpano, kumpeno.

companion (business or military) kompanyono. (company - business or 


company - kompanio , kumpanio (kumpero)

compare konparel-es, qal-egales, bemeres

compass - kompaso, busolo

compassion - konpasyo, konpato, pyeto, prokonsyento, -um-es, konsyento,-es 

compel dabendes, bedabes

compete  kompetides,(in sport: campi) konkorses, kompetent-es , P: konkurent-es 

competition - kompetido,  (in sport: campo, sportado, sport-evento)

 konkorso, konkurento, kompetento,

compile kompiles

complain klages, grumbles, qeces

complaint klago

complete kompleta, komplet-es, ,integra, P: konplenta

complicate komplik-es

compose  kompos-es

composer komposaryono, komposisto,

composition -komposado

computer - komputijo, komputoro, (KOMPO, datoro) A tablet computer, or

 simply TABLET,is a one-piece mobile computer. Taula komputoro, ho simple (Tauleto)

computer science komputiko, komput-arik-o

conceal -conceles

concept koncepto

concern (relate to) konzzern-es, -o, -ala, ri (algo, algono) 

concerning (about) ti, rilate ka,) to  temata ti ... - It is be about...

conch konko

concise koncisa

conclude konkluses

conclusion konkluso

concrete (building material) betongo

condemn kondamnes

condition (mentally and medically)kondido, syenso, bunsyenso, malsyenso

  Qe tu (homino, bestyo-animalo) syensa?

condition (state) kondizzo, stenso

  Qe to (koso, situo) stensa? Qe lo va? 

condition kondo,  Qakonde?

condolence - kondolento, express one ́s condolentes to - kondolent-es (ka) algono 

conduct dukt-es,(gvides, dires) electric c. - duks-es

conductor (electr.) -dukso, duksijo, duksilyo

confess konqes, konqes!

confidence konfido

confide konfides, trust-es

confirm konfirm-es, rensert-es

confuse (in one's mind) konfus-i

confuse bekonfus-es

congeal konjel-es, semfirmid-es, semkoagules

congratulate grat-es, kongrat-es, Grate! Kongratoy!

conjecture (make guesses) konyektes 

conjunction (in gramm. or astronomy) konyunkto

connect konekt-es

connection konekto, yuntendo (also: teleyuntendo, riveryunteyo)

connoisseur - kunesaryono, kunaryono

conquer konqistes

conqueror konqististo, konqistatoro

conscience (moral sense) konxenzo (Polish: sumienie)

I have battled with my conscience over whether I should send this letter or not. 

  Mi fayti ko ma konxenzo qes mi spedes ta brifo ho ne. 

conscious, be c. of - estes kuns(i)a, kuns-es   Mi-s kunsa pri to.

consciousness kunso, kunsio, kunsiezzo

consent  akord-es, Akordo!,Akordite! Konsyentite! Mi akorda. -I agree! 

consequence konseqo, seqo

consequent seqa, konseqe

consider koncider-es, bepyens(es)

consist konsist-es, it consists of… -To konsista de…

consistency konsistezzo, konsistanso

console konzolo

conspire - konspir-ess

conspiration - konspiro

constantly konstante, daur(eme), dauramode, sinpare, permanente

constellation - konstelero

constitute (compose) konstitut-es

constitution konstituto

construct konstru-es, bild-es

construction konstruo

constructive konstruabla

consult konsult-es

consume (use up) konsum-es

contempt desestimid-es, biestimides, desapras-es, biapras-es

contact (be in touch) kontakt-es (ko), -o

contain kontyen-es, intyen-es, inmax-es, inklos-es 

content(ed) kontenta

content(s) kontyenado, kontyeno, inmaxo, inklosado, the books content -  inmaxo, 

kontyeno di buko

continue and-es, daur-es,(intr.) P:kontines, prozzes, 

continuous anda, daura, kontina

contrary kontre, kontrADe, kontramode, On the contrary - a kontro, dese

contribute kontribut-es

control (regulate) kontrol-es, regl-es, -o

convenient P: komoda, oportuna,(adekfata, konvyena) 

convention konvenzzo, konvenzzall, haba, xablona

conversation konverzo,toko, (inter)parolo, konfalo, altefalo, dyalogo

converse konverz-es, tokes ti…,parol-es,interparoles, disputes, diskurses, dyaloges

conversion transformeso, konverto

convince (tr.) konvin-es, persfad-es 

convincible konvinebla - konvinabla

convoy konvoyo -um-es

convulsion konvulso -es

canyon kanyongo

coo grukoles (kolomboy - kolombEKes)

cook kuq-es, -isto (boil - kukt-es)

cookie bisqido, keko

cool freska

cool supera, bunoda, moyosa (from Esperanto: MJS) danbomba!(da bomb)P: vyolbuna!

cool (v.)  befreskes

cooperate kooperates,konoperat-es, konakt-es

cooperative kooperatizo

copper kupro

copulate kopulat-es, koyt-es, seksum-es

copy (imitate) imit-es

copy (make a copy of) kopy-end-es, (kopy(al)isto) 

copy (specimen) esempl-ad -o, kopyo, kopyado

coquette koket-en-o, koket-es

coquetre P:koket-ob-o, koketeso, koketAND-es

cordial totyakore, grankore

cord kordo (in instrument)

cork korko

corkscrew   korkoabrijo

corner (n.)  angolo, vinklo, sport: kornero

corporation korporo, korporizo

corpse kadavro, nekro

correct (right, proper)  (fair - justa)

correct (without error) korekta, -end-es

correlate korilates, 

correlation korilato, korilatezzo

correspond (all senses) korespond-i

corrugated ruga, rugyosa

corrupt korupta, -es

cortege (procession) kortego

cosmetic kosmeo, kosmetiko, byutado

cosmetology kosmetiko, kosmetologio

cosmetitian kosmeisto, byutisto

cosmos kosmo

cost kost-es It´s expensive - To moltekosta

costume kostyumo, (kleno) eleganta kostyumo

cosy (cozy) euheyma P: kyosa

cottage dometo (rurall) kotajo, daceyo

cotton kotongo, P: kotino

couch sofo, kanapo

cough hust-es,  hus!hus!

Count (Earl)Grafyo, Magnato, Baruno, Lordo

count (add up) kont-es, kalkol-es, nombr-es, komput-es, (tr.) diskontes

count on kalkoles su, kontes su

count down  dolnombr-es

counterblast riposto, P:kontravamo

country (land) lando

countryside kantreyo, ruro, kampeyo, kampero

couple parelo, duoplo, duo

coupon kupongo

courage bravo, bravezzo

court (royal household) roydomo, royalo, kurteso, kurteyo

court (of law) kurto, tribunalo, yureyo,

courteous: (in manners) kortesa; (in character) jentila; (amiable) ameja, amebla, 


courtesy: (bow) korteso, reverent-o (v.) -i; (manners) jentil-ezzo, -ado (act); 

(favour) favor-o amik-all.

courtesan kurteseno, kurtesamyeno - amor-(seld-)ist-eno.

courtyard yardo, patyo, (skol-yardo, ferm-yardo)

cousin kuzo, kuzino 

cover kovr-es, kovr-ijo, tapiso, (tapis-es)

cow bofo, bofeno

coward - kouardo,

cow-boy vajaryono, kawboyo , kauboyo

cower skates(1. Sidi sul kalksoy: le desfelica pueno skati i angolo dil cambro. 

2.le tigro (cu)skati il skalta herboy.) 

crab krabo

crackle krak-es, kraketes

cradle - balankilyo.  (lulbaybo a blansilyo, lulbayb-es,lult-es (lullaby -a quiet 

song to send a child to sleep.)

craft (trade) krafto

craftsman kraftisto

crane (mechanics) krano, kranealo, (ornit.) - kraneo, gruzo (Megalornis grus)

crash kraxo, dezastro

craul (creep) rept-es, kraul-es 

crazy (mad) fola, P:loqa

cream kremo

create kre-es, kre- (kre-atero, kre-skritisto) verki (krefendi)

creative kreabla, krepueda, kreeda

credence kredo

credible kredebla

creep (craul) rept-es

crest kresto

crew ekipo

cricket kriko

crime krimino

crimson karmesino/a

criterion kritero

cross (n.) kruzo

cross - kroses, trans-enves, kros-enves.

cross eyed -straba, krosokula, krosokla

cross-road kroseyo,voykroso, 

crosswise krose, (krosfluto)

crowd kraudo ,suermo, maso

crown kruno (coronation - bekrun(and)o) coronate - be-krun-es, bekruno

crucify kruz-um-es, 

cruel krudela

crusade kruzmilito

crush (squeeze) aplastes, klemes, kraxes ( in to pieces ) diskrax-es, disebatr-es

crush (in accident) kraks-es, krax-es (also about computer) 

crusty krusta

cry (cry out) klames, vokes - shout - xautes, sharp cry - xriko

cry (weep) pyores

cuddle to, kokl-es (hug closely)

culinary art - kuktio, kuktarto, kuqarto, kulinarto, arto kulinarr,

cult kultio 

cult ( n. system of religious rituals; extreme religious sect - kulteo, kulteando)

cultivate(soil,arts,acquaint.,mind etc.)kulteand-es,kultur-es(for profit) 


cunning  astusa (cu-abla, cu-aga)

cup (for drinking) tas-o, kaliko (di vino) (trophy) - pokalo (challenge cup)

calanjo; (communion, also calyx) kaliko; coffee c.: kaftaso; cup of coffee: 

taso di kafo

cupboard skafo, kredenzzo, bufeo

curb kerbo, mord(ad)ocengo, also: kerb (US:curbstone)

(to keep somebody under discipline -prines i kerbo - inkerbendes)

curiosity - qirado, qirezzo (to be curious - kunezes, interes-es)

curl buklo

currant groselo ruja groselo, nigra groselo (smorodino)

currency muno, P: geldo

current (n) kurento, kurent-es  (a current can be a flow of water, electricity, or


current (existing now) kurenta, aktua, aktuall, aktuema

currently kurente, aktue, aktuall, aktuem, kurentem

cursor kursoro, korsoro

curtain (drape) kurtino

curve korbo, korbeyo, -end-es, virajo, -es, voykorbo, korbeyo,P:gir-es, turn 

right,left - turnes deksen,lefen,  korbes deksen,lefen, ster(es) deksen, 

lefen,deks-en-v-es, lef-en-v-es

curved (adj.) korba, benta

cushion kuxino

custom habo,(tradisa habo), P:habido, rutino, ru-, 

customer kofanto, kofaryono, kliento

cut kuat-i,(cut out) Kuat!,klipes,trank-es pe kuatijo, tondes- pe cisoro,tondijo)  

skalp-es, tayles = cut (diamond) cut out (garment)

cute lavla, plesenda, karina, kokeut(um)a, kokeut-al-a

cybernetics cibernetiko, ciber-

cyclone ciklongo

cyclotron ciklotro, ciklotroneo

cynicism cinikizmo

cypher (digit, figure) 1, 2… sifro


daily cadyema, dyemall, jornall

dam damelo (damselo - young woman)

damage (harm in any way) skad-es, difektendes, it is a pity - Skade! Qa skado!

damselo sioreneto, damselo

danse dans-es, -o

danger danjero

dare (be bold enough) defes, der-es. How dare you! -Qe tu dera!

dark (adj.) dunk, skura, deslumina, desluksa, 

dark(ness) (lit.) dunko, skuro, deslumino 

dart dardo (pointed missile) stingo - (weapon of insects)

data datemo

data (computer) dato

database datumbazo

date n daktilo

1 the fruit of the date palm. 2 short for date palm. (daktilarbo)

date deyto,-es (deyt-ob-es) an appointment for a particular time, esp with a person

 to whom one is romantically attached: He has a dinner date.  Hi-x dyemeda deyto. 

daughter dotro

dawn daylight - dyemENSo, solskalo

day (24 hours) - dyemo, jornonoktemo, cirklokemo (around a clock) dutoskfaremo

day (daytime) -do, dyemo, (jorno - daylight).  Good day! = Buen Dyemo! Buen jorno!

day-dream draumo, draum-es, Imago di felicenda, dezirata aferoy. Ma draumo-s eble 


day-dreamer draumono, draumanto, draumaryono, 

daybreak dyemsesto, semjorneso, jornosesto, komdyemo, komjorno

dazzle dazles,-o, blind-um-es

dead mortinta, morta, sinviva, semmortendanto = selmortendanto, semmurdanto 

   Le mortontoy saluta tu - Latin: Moriture te salutant.

deaf sorda

deal with  betrakti, afer-es ko, pe, traktes ti,  temates..., konzzern-es. The 

book deals with Polish art” Le buko betrakta (konzzerna, temata) Polonia arto. Le 

buko P: pri-tokta Polonia arto. (pritraktes)

“To deal with each problem in turn” - Betraktes ca problemato il seqo. (konseqe)

dear (beloved) kara

dear (costly) mol(te)kosta, kostaxa, kara

death morto

debate dibato, -es, dibates ti

debouch(ery) -(live loosely) deboces, -o , birb-es

debris -the broken pieces - debriso, restetoy, fragmentoy,

debt (owing) debo,skuldo,skuldes

debt (thing owed) debado, skuldo

debut debutes, debutanto

decade dest-any(em)o

decadent dekadanto, dekadono (dekad-es) dekadenzo, kadukemo

decay dekad-es, kaduk-es (to decline in excellence, prosperity, health.deteriorate)  

deceive fraud-es,tromp-es

December decembro

decide decim-es (tr./intr)+IMes,I decided to try it again. Mi decimis re prum-es 

to. Mi re prumimis to.

decipher - deskodendes, danxifres

decision decimo, decimado. It´s your decision - To-s tua decimo. It was a bit of a snap decision - To esti pokte pluke rapa (pluke bliksa) decimo. We have decided to go there. - Mu vIMis tren. Mu decimis (po) ves tren.

deck - bordo

declaim -deklamer-es

declare - deklarakt-es,

declaration - deklarakto

decorate: dekorin-es (ornament-es; be-bel-es, bedekorin-es)

decoration dekorino

decrease diminut-es, -o, deskres, bedeskres-es, dolendes, redukt-es

decrepit kaduka

dedicate dedikt-es 

deep fundo, funda, fundeyo

deer cervo, young deer - cerv-yuno.

de facto: fate, aktuala,aktuall, eksist-anta

defeat (overcome) (tr/intr) venk-es, -o

defecate fekal-es, den-fekal-es

defect defauto, mangamento

defend defent-es , semdefento = seldefento

define definides

definition definido; (explanation) esplik-o; (clearness) klar-endo

defy (challenge) defyentes, calanjes, mejures

degree (measure or academic) grado

deign degn-es (bun-voluntes)

delay, make late - tard-es

delete sin-es, far-prin-es, 

delicate delikata

delicious delika

delight  deliso, ravo, semravo, pleso, plesuro, mervilo,

delight (to delight someone with something) Delises algono pa algo, Raves algono 

delirious delira

deliver (goods, etc) livr-es

deluge deluvo

demand  postules, reqes,P: (qes), P: askes, 

demejure mejure (ka)

demolish - demol-es 

demolish demol-es, destrukt-es, destros-es

demonstrate demonstr-es

dense denzza

deny neges

depart (de) - departes

departure departo, desarivo

department -departamento, sekzzo, sektoro

depend depend-es (a, da)

deposit depozites, depondes

deprave depraves

depression depresyo, depresuro, deprimido

deprive (strip)  ( get rid of) sin-es, P:bik-es = bi-,(P:bike-) bimaxes,

 Arboy sinfend-ita di (a) folyoy pe vyento. Arboy bifolya pe vyento.

deride - mok-es, Fendes algono rideja. 

derision  mokeso

derisive moka, mokall, mokeza

derive danvyenes 

descend (go down) (tr./intr.) semdoles, den-sur-es, dolklimb-es, dolpases.

descendant (offspring) dexendono, dexendrinto pos-on-o, davyen-on-o, gatYUNo 

 (a kitten); -YUN- (for animals and plants) royENFo, royINIDo (a prince, (prinso);

 arbyuno (a sapling, from 'tree'); INIDaryo (a clan,tribe,with-aryo)Karolo-

 Karolyunoy, Karolposonoy. Karol-INID-oy = dinastio fondita di Karolo le Grana.

 Latino - Latin-INIDa lingvo = lingvo, qa davyena de Latino. 

describe beskrites

desert (wilderness - vildeyo) sahro , dexerto

deserve merit-es, P:densirv-es

design desino, desin-es, (in graphic art: dizayno, dizayn-es)

desire deziro, dezidero, dezodo, dezires = dezideres

desk (for reading, etc.) desko, pupitro

despair d(es)espero,

desperado d(es)esperono, "desperado" bandito, sinesperono, desesperono

desperate desesperes,desperes, sinespere

dessert deserto (served as the final course of a meal)

destiny destino, fatalo, suerto. Bad luck -malsuerto, deslako

destroy destrukt-es,  krax-es (tr./intr.)

detach separes (algono da algo)(put apart) apartendes (untie) desliges

detached separita, izolita, aparta

detachment separation separeso, separezzo, Milit: detacmento

detail detalo (pexo -EX-o)

detain dityenes, halt-es (sem halt-es kontre ) desmobendes 

detect deskovres, troves

detective detektaryono, P:detektivo

determine determina, ho (agi ko determino)

detonate esplod-es , beesplodes P: beke-esplodes

detour bayvoyo, bayveheyo

develop (intr.) semdisevolves, develop-es , bedevelop-es

devile dyablo  Po ca dyabloy! Po dyablo! Dyable! Qom, dyable, tu surmaxa? What the 

heck are you wearing?

devour vur-es

dew roso

dial disko , disk-es, sifrotaulo

dialect dyalekto

dialogue dyalogo, (converse) dyalog-es, konverz-es

diamond dyamento 

diaper  dyapro

diarrhorea lakseo

diary dyembuko

dictate diktates

dictator diktatoro, diktataryo

dictionary -vortero, diksyonero, vortobuko

die (v.) mort-es , Po mortes algem tu fate dabo. Le hundo morta - The dog is dying.

diet dyeto

differ difr-es (to be not the same) semdifr-es, estes des-identa.

difference difro, difrento (between)(also math.) difro; difrezzo, kontrasto, 

ne-simil-ezzo, konflikto, distino); pay the d.: bekompletes le sumo; it makes no

 d.: to-s (totye) indiferenta.

difficult desfasila, zora, stakla. Na problemato (probo) esta pluke zora po hi. 

No sort of problem is too difficult for him.

diffuse difusa, difus-es

dig foses infoses, den-foses, dan-foses

digest digerstes

digest dijesto , resumo, kompendyo

digit sifro

digital digitala, sifra, sifrala,-all

dignity digno

dignitary dignitaryo, skaltrangono

dilemma dilemato

diligent diligenta

dilute diluta, dilut-es

dimention dyamenzzo, dyamenzzio

dinner lanco, dyemyelo - cefyelo – d-yelo

diode diodo

dioxide dioksido

dip drenkes He was drenched by the rain-Hi drenkitas pel pyuvo. Hi drenkis pyuve.

diploma diplomo

diplomacy diplomatiko, diplomatio, diplomatezzo

diplomat  ”diplomato”, diplomatikisto, diplomatikaryono

direct (control) direkt-es, admines, adminestres

direct (not indirect) direkta, rekta

direct to  - P: dires ka (to speak to sambody)

directing rejiso,rejisores,film directing-filmrejiso (filmrejisoro, filmdirektoro)

direction (control) direkto,

direction(line) direkso, direks-es, direkse ka,-en,I qa direkso? Qadirekse? Qen?  

Qen tu va?

directive direkt-ur-o, direkt-ad-o

director direktoro,P:aldo,direktisto, menajoro, menajaryono,

filmdirector - film-rejisaro, filmdirektoro 

dirt (mud, mire, grime) sujo, fango - -UJ-

dirty suja, despurga, fuya, fuy- (fuyaca)

disable desabla

disappear desaperes, farperes

disappoint desapond-es,biiluz-es, dailuz-es, frustr-es, 

disappointment disapondo, siniluzo,(iluzINGo) frustro. 

disaster dizastro, plago

discern - dicern-es

discipline disiplin-es, -o

discomfort  deskomforto, embaraso

discover diskovres, deskovres, dankovr-es

discuss diskes, dispyut-es, polemik-es

disgust nauzo

dish (container) plado, dixo, -UY-o

dish (course, meal)-  dixo, yelo, -YELADO

dishonest desonesta, fraud-ez-a

dispatch sped-es

display displeyo, skrino, vizioro P: prezijo, prez-or-o, 

disperse dis-end-es,P: be-dis-es, dispeld-es, disevergent-es (lumino, okloy)

dispose - dispor-es, 

disposition - disporo,(dispores pe mi - I am in your service)

dispute dispyut-es 

distance (measure)disto,distezzo. Qer ta disto mera? Qerdista to-s? Qaldista to-s?

distant fara, dista

distinguish disting-es,  dicern-es de(da). deskonfundes(antonimo: konfundes)

distinguished (gran)distinga, eminenta 

distract distrakt-es 

distribute distribut-es

district distrikto

disturb distrub-es, betrubes,trubendo

disturbance distrubo, trubo, tumulto

dive plong-es

diverge to, diverg-es (de) Divergo di opinoy. (Ant.: konverg-es) 

diverse (various) difersa, varia

diversity diferso, difersezzo, vario

divide divid-es, sekzz-es, bedispart-es

divination augeso, augado, Li-s augeno. P: -aug-, malauga - of ill omen

division (military) divizio, diviziono, as section - departamento, sekzzo, divido

do not - ne

do (act) ag-es ,agandes, do (be well or ill) stens-es,(e.g. Qe tu stensa?)

Qe tu syensa?) 

do (something) fend-es, I want you to know that I am not doing this for you.

Mi dezu ke tu kunes, ke mi ne fenda to po tu. ( Mi dezu tu kunes, ke mi…)

do (to make) fend-es, (to act) ag-es, agandes; (be in a state of health) stens; (be suitable) konvyen-es; (to cause someone to do something) fend-es; to do good to: bun-fendes ka (algono); to do evil: malfendes; to do again: ren-fendes; to have to do with: (have relations with) rilates,to do with: (concern) konzzernes; to do nothing: fendes no, nado; to do something: (indefinate object)  fendes algo; (definite object)fendes alga kosado;it is as good as done:to-s proxe kan-fin-ita,  what is done cannot be undone: Se ne pueda da-fendis to qom yu fendita-s; to do no work on Monday: ne-labores lundyem,P: comes lunde; did you speak? qes tu paroli, fali?; how do you do? Qe tu syensa?;  I do listen: (emphatic) mi fate ukta; I did write: (emphatic) mi fate skritis; do come! Vam vyen!; that will never do: to totye ne basta; do as you please: fendes konfe tua dezo; I do not care to go: mi ne veza; to do good business: fendes buna bizneso. He does not know what to do: hi ne kuna qom fendes.; there is much to do: Lo-s molto di pore-fendo(y); a do-nothing: nom-fend-anto

docile docila, obideza, kontrolebla

dock doko

doctor (physician) doktoro, kuristo

document dokumento P: -UMENTO 

dog hundo

doll figurino, munyeko,P: munyo, munyeto, lalo, marioneto, P: homeko

domain dominio (-io) roydominio - kingdom

dominate domines (also: domines Atlango)

donkey asno

donation daro, bedaro 

door pordo

doorstep pordostupo, P:xpalo, also: fernovoya xpalo

dose doso

dossier dosyero

double duopla,(dupla)

doubt skeptes ti, daub-es  Doubt is unpleasant, but certainty is ridiculous - 

(Voltaire) Daubo esta desplesa, mo sertezzo esta rideja.(ridviga)

doubtful skepta,skeptoplenta,skepteza,daubeza

doubtless sinskepte, sindaube

douche dux-es

dough pasto

down (adv.) dole, infre; (with motion) dol! dolen!; (underneath) sub, -e, -a; go 

(down: dol(en), doltedoley)  doles (dolves)- go down, (skales (skalves) - go up,) 

Solskalo, - sunrise, sunup  Soldolo - sundown, sunset

down: doles,d. with: Far! Apages!(to dogs) Kam(es) tu! up and d.:skal ti dol,

skalen-dolen,(sobren ti infren)

dowry dovro (endow - dovr-es)

draft skiso, proyekto, drafto (first or rough draft - klado)

dragon drako, drakono

drain dreyno

drape drapo

drastic drasta, drastika

draw (water etc.) cerp-es, (by mouth) haust-es (out-of-print -decerpita)

draw (as with a pencil) desin-es , pikt-es, kray-es (perkrayes, krayag-es), Can you 

draw me a map of how to get there? Qes Tu pikteda po mi mapo qe mi ves tren?  

drawer xovl-ad-o

drawing pikto, -uro, pikt-ad-o, desino, desinado

dreadful horida, terora, temora,temoryosa, paurenda

dream (in the night) - drimo, (daydream - draumo, draum-es pri, iluzo, semiluzo) 

dress klenes (sem) robo - woman´s dress 

drill boro,(borijo),perforijo(make a hole,bor-es,-perfor-es,betruv-es,bekav-es)

drink (v) drink-es, (bedrink-es = bevr-es) drinki alkoholo - trunkes

Mi trunka al (pro) sanido tuna - I drink to your health.  

drive (travel in, by a vehicle) veh-es, vantes (v-es) 

driver xofaro,konduktisto, duktanto, drive a car -duktes (ster-es) auto,(par)aut-es

drone drono, flugroboto, sinpilota aviono 

drop (fall) kaur-es (intr.), -o, drop-es, aqexes, aqodrop-es  -to drop by water)

drop (of liquid)dropo(drop of water -aq-(ikul-o)drop by drop - perdrope

droplet dropeto, dropikulo

dropper dropijo

drought sekno, seknezzo, seknemo

drown dronk-es (tr.) algo, semdronkes

drowsy, to be sleepy -somn-es, dorm-ez-es, komdorm-es

drudgery sirvuto, zora laboro, sklavlaboro, zora sirvo

drunken - trunka, fultrunka (trunk-es - to get drunk)

drunkenness -trunko, trunkezzo (with alcohol)

dry sekna, -es, desumida, besekn-es

due to - kause di

Duke Dyuko

dull  stupideta

dumb stuma (without a voice)

dump damp-es (sounds) stumendes

dune  dyuno   sabodyuno, snovdyuno

dung dungo, myerdo, eskremento, fekalo

durable daurabla, daurebla

duration dauremo

during dau, daurem, Il dauro di...,for a moment - poktem, verem

dust dasto, pulvo, polino

duty - dabo, plikto

be on duty - dejor-es, plikt-es, fendes plikto, beplentes(fules)plikto,fulpliktes

dwarf - dvorfo, koboldo, goblo  

dynasty dinastio


each singla, cono, ca, cado

each other ALTE- (reciprocally) repruce, un kal otra

eagle agvilo

ear orelo

early freme frem- destarde (fremo - morning)

     Early mornings and late afternoons have been the most produktive times.

     Fremo ti tarda posnunoy esta le plu produktara tempoy.

earlier antem (qe), pli antem, pli freme, preseqem

earn perlabor-es (by working)

earn ern-es, perlabor-es,(pe laboro, sirvo, konduto ti ago) - fiks-es 

earth terdo, geo, geo-, grondo

earthquake terdoxoto 

easel staflo, trinpyedo

east istyo, oriento

Easter pasko(-fyesto); fyesto-pasko; ( Ovo paskall.)

easy fasila 

eat yel-es, frem-yelo, dinner - dyem-yelo, supper - suar-yelo -tardemyelo

I eat when I am hungry - Mi yela qeme mi foma. She ate dinner last night at five -Li dyemyeli timpe tarde al pena. We will eat lunch tomorrow at noon - Mu luncyelo tompe meridyeme.

ebb (tide) refluxo; ebb and flow (ebno, mareo): (incoming) fluxo, kanfluvo; 

(ebbing) refluxo; mareo, farfluvo, defluvo

ebonite eburnito, (ebonito) 

ebony -eburno (legno) (tree) eburn-arbo

ecology ekologyo, ekologio 

echo eho

ecstasy estasio

eczema eksemio,(Atopic dermatitis is an itchy inflammation of skin.)

edge (border) grento, rendo, enjo

edible edebla

edit edizz-es, redakt-es 

edition edizzo, edizzado, 

editor edizzaryono, edizzanto 

educate eduk-es 

educated -edukita,(dokta),granedukita,instruita

education eduko, edukio

effect efekto, impression produced,(efekta, efekted-a, efektabla, efektyosa- 


effect (result) rezulto, -URo

effective reala, fata, vyera, vyerfata

efficient efika 

effort (exertion) forso; (pains) pengo; to make e.: (intr.) forses

egg  ovo, ovolo 

ego ego 

eight ok 

either - or -ho…ho

elastic elasta, elastika, fleksa

elbow kudo

element elemento

elect (by vote to a position) elekt-es 

electric(al) elektra, elka, e-brifo, elka brifo

electricity elektro 

electrify elektr-es, -endes; (fig.) entuzyasm-es, elektr-um-es

elegance elegans-ezzo.

elegant elegans-a; -ano, -eno; (object) -ado.

elephant elefanto 

elevate lev-es

elevate: (raise on high) lev-es; (to make higher in dimension, price) (plu-)skalt-

endes; (in rank) promotes; (spirits) eksaltes, eksites, koraj-endes.

elevated: lev-ita; skalta; sublima.

elevation: (act) lev-(and)o; (ground) skalt-ado; (of character) skalt-ezzo; 

(of price) pli-skalt-endo, pli-kar-endo; (design) elevado,

elevator (mechan.) elevatoro, elevoro, lifto

elf elfo

elite elito, eminentonero

elm ulmo

eloquent euloqenta, euloqa, belfala

else: otra; nothing e.: no, nadyo otra; what e.? qo otra; something e.: algo otra;

  everybody e.: conoy otra; nobody e.: nono otra; everywhere e.: i alga otra loko;

  ca-loke; nowhere e.: na-loke; somewhere e.: otra-loke, otrey.

email meylo, e-posto, e-brifo, netmeso, e-meso

emanate emaun-es

embankment taluso (fernovoya relstaluso)

embarrass (intr) embar-es, (sem)trubes da, pri, veks-es da

emblem emblemato

embroider brod-es, 

embroidery brodo, broduro, brodado

embryo embryo

emerge emergent-es (semreviles) 

The sun emerged from behind the clouds. Le solo emergenti de pos le klaudoy. 

emit emis-es

emotion emozzio, (emozziplenta) afekto, emozzi-es

emphasize emfad-es, -espriv-es, -IVo

empathy empato, biempat-o

employ (people) empl-es (dares emplo - emplar-es) 

empty vakuma,  bevakum-es, desplenta,

enclose inkloses, inmaxes, kontyen-es

encourage bebrav-es

encyclopedia enciklopedyo

end fino (tr./intr.), -es

ending enjo, finado

endeavour forses, penges

endow endue endot-es 

endure endaures, dentyenes (tol(er)-es), rezistes,

enemy desamiko, desamyo, enamyo, enemiko

energy energio P: energo

engage (tr) empl-ar-es,empl-es,engaj-es

engine mahino, motoro, enjino

engineer enjinoro,enjinaryono Hi become an engineer.Hi sestis (komestis) enjinoro. 

engineering enjin-arto, enjin-eso, enjin-es

English Angla P: Anglia

enhance pliskalt-es, beskalt-es

enjoy (yourself) - ples, Ples a tua vivo! Ples pe tua vivo! -Enjoy your life!

enjoyment pleso, plesuro, Ko pleso!  estazo

enlarge (magnify) granendes, pligranendes, bebredes

enlighten inform-es, P:ilumin-es,eduk-es, dokt-es

enough (after an adj.) baste (e.g., good enough = baste bun)

enter entr-es, centr-es, in-v-es, (to go out - den-v-es)

entrance - entro, entreyo

entertain (someone) divert-es (oneself) jol-es, beples-es

entertainment diverto

enthusiasm entuzyasma, fervo, fervoro, zilo,(zealot: Ziloto, zilono; fanatik-

(on)o. enthusiastic entuzyasme

entire(whole) totyala, totyall, totyalo

envelope (of a letter) kuverto

environment (fr. milieu) ambyento, ekosistemato, milio

envy naydo, nayd-es (granjalosa)

enzyme enzimo

epidemic epidemio, pestiso

episode epizo, kort-em-ad-o, kort-evento, 

epoch epoko

equation eqaso, eqasyo (math.)

equal egala, eqa,-es, (coequal) plo-, plomera , egalmera (egalmeranta)

 Equal with another or each other in rank, ability, extent, etc

 egala, egall, ploa, egalezzo, (the same -le soma), ni pli ni ple ! = egall, equibalanced. pli-ple = plo, pliple-mera. Team members are coequal partners who build the plan collaboratively after a full discussion.  Le timonoy esta egala partaryoy qa bildis le plano konlaboreze pos plenta diskaso. This test is pretty tough, but I think I'm equal to it. Ta testo esta baste tafa, mo mi pyensa ke mi-s egala a (ri) to.

erase farfreges, freg-es, farendes

erode erod-es (intr.)

erotic erotika

error eroro (lapsus lingvae) - lapso, vrongo, vrongado

erupt erupt-es

escape eskap-es (intr.), -o

escalate -eskal-es (tr.intr.) P: pliskales, beskal-es, P: (be)plidoles,  

escalation -eskalo, opp. edolo, skalenendo - dolenendo

especially - spesye, speyamode P: spesyall

essay eseo

essence  esenzzo

establish beestabl-es

esteem  estimido,respekto, respekt-es,respekteja, estimideja

etcetera etcetera,(etc.) or:  ti te plonge (ttp.)

eternal eterna, eternall

Europe Europo

euphony (pleasant-sounding) eufonio, belsonezzo, eu-pronunso

even (adv.) anke, anke ne = ni, Anke sul solo lo-s flekoy 

evening suaro. Lo yu semsuara. Lo yu komsuara. Lo koma suaro.

event evento

eventually eventue, eventuale, -all

every ca, singlo

everyone cono

everything co, cado, totyo

everywhere cey, ca-lok(ey)e

evidently -evidente

evolution evolvo, evoluto, semevolveso

evolve evolves, be-evolv-es - bevolv-es

exact  preksa, prekse, To be on time - Vyenes preksem.  math: esaktala, esaktall

exaggerate esajer-es,  pluk(-ag)-es, plukmolt-es

exaggeratedly  esajere, pluke,plukomolte, plukmode, pluke

exalted esalta, esalteza

examine (test) esamino, esamin-es

example esemplo, esemple, es:

excavate denfoses

excellent eselenta, granyosa

excellency majesto, eselenzzo

except ecept-es, eksepte di

excerpt ecerpo, detrek-ad-o

excess eceso, P: pluke, plukado, plukmolte (oldatlange: trope, pluke)to commit 

excess - eces-es, plukes, plukmolt-es (Ne plukendes!) Kids have so much excess 

energy; they need to run. Enfoy maxa ter energio i eceso (plukezzo); lu korsiba.

exchange kambes,denkambes,binkambes

excite ecites

excited ecitita

exciting ecitanta

exclude eklud-es, to-s ne ekludebla

exclusive eklusa

exclusiveness eklusezzo, -ive: eklusezze

excursion ekurso

excuse (oneself) skus-es (se),skuso, parduno, pardunpid-es 

excuse me - Parduno! Skus min! Ko Tua purmeso.

exercise eserzzo, eserzz-es

exhale den-sopl-es, denhals-es, hals-es (also about locomotive)

exhalation denrespiro, denhalso

exhalation (as miasma) myasmo

exhaust  ehaust-es, sem tires

exhausted ehausta, tira, tirita, (farcerpita, dencerpita)

exhibit esibit-es,espond-es, denmontr-es, prez-es (in shop window) estal-es;

exist estentes, esist-es, P:esistent-es, To esta...to-s...or lo-s…,(ES!Estes!- Be!) 

exit eks-es,den-v-es, desentr-es,utenves,(denv(ant)eyo, denveyo, ekseyo) 

exotic esotika

expand - espans-es

expect vart-es, porvart-es, porspektes, be-spektes, (to hope) esper-es,

unexpectedly - neporvarte, neprevyede

expel (tr.) peld-es, farpeld-es

expense spenzzo, kosto, 

expensive spenzza, kara, moltekosta, desebilga, nebilga

experience sperto, speryento

experiment esperimento

expert spertisto, spertaryono

expire esp-es, kaduk-es, apag-es 

explain esplik-es, beklar-es

expletive blasfama, maldiko, blaso

explode esplod-es (intr.), -end-es

explore esplor-es, Prefix: Qal- means exploration, valuation -Qal(val)ejes, testing, study, checking, - for example: weigh - qal-vektes.vektomeres =qalmeres- to measure something. Qallonges - measure the length. Qaltokses - to examine the toxicity. Qaleuropes - study about Europe. Qalatlanges -study about Atlango.

expose(lit.and fig.)espond-es;e.to ridicule: fendes algono rid-eja; espond-ata.

exposition espondo (place)-eyo.

express (by words or symbols) esprives, -o,-IVO, esprives langall

  I would like to express my gratitude - Mi espriv-ez-u ma grazzo. Mi grazzIVezu.

Ma dankIVoy. Ma respektIVoy ka tu. Voluntes aceptes le konpativoy mina.

express - espresa (rapida) espreso (trayno) 

extend (intr.) semteng-es, semdis-es

extend (tr.) teng-es, bedis-es

exterior ekterio, uteyo (ekte - ekter+ , ute - uter+ )

exterminate ektermin-es

exterordinary ekterordina, ekterordinall

extinguish desting-es,  slek-es, semslekes, desliktes

extreme estremya, estremyall

eye - oklo

eyebrow brovo

eyelid - oklolido, , palpebro (blink, wink - blink-es,oklum-es)

eyesight virpuedo, viredo, virsyento, virablo


face (front of head) viso, feso, fese de - facing face to, frontal-es, fes, 


facade fasado, frontalo,frontado, gavlo

facetious joka, jokeza

facial visa, visala

facile facila, sinpenga

fact fato; (fig.) vyero, vyerado; autentikado; in f.: fate, infate,

 matter of f.: (philos.) pragmato; obvious f.: evident-ado; evidenta fato; 

the f. of the matter is: le simpla vyerado esta (ke);factitious artefendita, artuma

factory fabriko, fabrik-es 

factoro fatoro, aganto, agento

fade fad-es, sempaly-es, velk-es (plants)

fail fyask-es (tr./intr.) avary-um-es, felures

failure fyasko, (desesuksido) deslako , feluro

faint sfent-es, perdes kunsio, sim kunsies  P: kunso, bikunso (algonom) 

fair (adj.) (weather) serena, klara, sin-klauda; (just)justa; onesta; (complexion,

hair) blonda;(pleasing) ples(end)a, xarm-anta; f.and square: honoryosa, to be in a 

f. way: estes i bunstenso bunsyenso; fair copy: preksa kopyo.

fairy feyo,(fairy godmother)feyeno,magieno(Elf(en)o)(mythical being,fotune-taller)

fairy-tale fabelo, fabel-es

faithful fidela

fake simules, fing-es, fusk-es, fraud-es, imit-es

fall kaur-es, -o

fall down kaur-es, dolkaur-es, vamdol-es, dol-en-vames

fall, autumn - otuno, otunemo

false (untrue) falsa, fuska, finjera, blufa, frauda

fame famo

familiar - familia, familiarr

family familio

famous - fama, famyosa

fan - fano

fan - vyentoro, vyentijo

fanfare -fanfar-melodio (music)

fantastic fantazia, fantastika

fantasy (imagination) fantazio, -fantazes ti


far (distant) dista, fara, far-

fare kosto, prazo, tarifo, bilyeto

farewell adies(es), Adieso! adies! (adies-ob-es)   

farm fermo, ferm-es, fermeyo, kult-es terdeyo = agr-es

farmer fermisto (fermaryano), agristo, agraryano, agraryono, agrokultisto

fart furz-es, peyd-es

fascinate faxina, faxinanta, mervilviga, raveja, - semfaxines, semraves

fashion fasongo, modo, fasongo-modo, vogo, P: trendo

fast (quick) rap(id)e, Rap! blikse

fast (abstain from food - astines da yelo) fyast-i, fyasto, fyastemo

fasten (v) fastes, (bukles) fiksendes, kanfikses (bind (to fasten or be fastened 

with string, thread) - lig-es

fat (adj.) grusa, korpulenta, obesida

fat , oily, greasy (adj.) gorda

fat (n.) gordo

fatal (fateful) fatalo, fatala, Malsuerta;Male! Malsuerto! (deadly) bemort-a; 

  mortala, mortall

fatalism fatalizmo

fate suerto, destino, P:fatido, fatumo 

father patro, papo

father-in-law - hal-, halpatro, 

fault (defect) defauto

fault (failing) kulpo

fault (mistake) eroro, -ERORO, felo, FEL-, felado

fauna fauno

favour favor-es, -o (in favour) - favore ka 

favourable favora 

    When things are going well, or in your favor, they’re favorable.

    Qem aferoy vanta bune,(prospera) hod i tua favoro, lu-s favora. (favorenda)

fauvorite  favora What was your favourite book when you were a child? 

    Qa esti tua favorbuko qem tu esti enfo?

fear (fright) teroro, temoro, pauro 

feast fyesto, fyestemo, jolemo, divertemo

feather: (n.) plumo; bunch of f.s: plum-fasko, plum-tufo; a f. in his cap: honoro;

 to show the white f.: montres temoro; kondutes kouarde, kouardes; 

f. bed: plum-sengo; f. edge: plumenjo, (bizelo); f. duster: plum-fasko; f. brained: 

February Februo

feces eskremetoy, fekaloy

federation federo, federizo (federate- befeder-es) 

feeble febla

feed sem nutr-es, nutr-es

feed on (devour) vur-es

feel (yourself) stens, syens, How do you feel? Qe tu syensa? Qe tu stensa? 

      Halhale - syens hal(fe) male , syens ”alge-talge”

feel (a sensation) syent-es

feel (to examine by touch) palp-es,palpeso, tuktesyentes,(to touch -tukt-es) 

feeling syento, syenso (propia)

fellow kamrato, konono

felt felto

female meno, femala, femall, femina

femur femoro

fence (n.) gradilo

fender (bumper) pare-kolpo

fenomen  fenomino, fenomin-ala (-all)

ferocious feroksa, krula, brutala

ferry praumo, ferinavyo, praumobatelo

fertile (fecund) fertila, fruktifa

festoon fyestuno, garlandoyo, florocengo

fetch - vyen-endes, kanport-es, impurt-es (goods)

feuilleton, serial feature - felyetino

fever febro

feverish febra, febrila

few pokte, pokter , pokto di, pokte di

fiacre fyakro

fiance fyansano

foancee fyanseno 

fiasco fyasko

ficticious fiktia 

fiction - fiktio, P: prozio, prozo

field (ground) agro,kulteyo(cultivated),kampo

(field of knowledge, activity: ariko,-ARIKO, -io) 

fig  figvo P: figo

fight konbatr-es, batal-es, fayt-es

figure figuro

file (document) faylo, dosero

File manager faylomenajoro, dosermanajoro, faylestro

file (v) rasp-es

fill beplent-es, ful-es,(fulfill - plentum-es)

film filmo, film director-rejisto,to make a film-filmendes, rejes,film realendes

filter filtero, filteres, filterendes

finance finanso

find trov-es, trovado

fine buna, bun

finger (n.) digo, dig-ob-es, palp-es

finish to, fin-es (tr./intr.)

finish finemo, finixo, fineyo, finix-es, finix-endes

fire - piro (Halt(end)es piro!)  Granpiro = brando. Brand-es

fireball bolido

firefly lampiro

fireplace pireyo, komino, komineto

firm (adj.) festa, firmida, solida, stabila

firm (n.) firmo

first:  un-esma; kom-a; (fig.) cefa; origina, originala; at f.: un-esme; kome, 

komem, prime(m),f. of all: primamode, un-esme; 

(not before) primere; to go f.: vi for, pre-ves, antemves; f. born: prim-naska, -o; 

f. class: (ticket or carriage) (dil) primerklaso; f. name: prenumo; bapto-numo.

firstly - prime(re), prim-, unesme

fish (n.) fixo

fish (v.) fix-es

fist pugno

fit (in a good state) i buna stenso - bunstensa, bunesta, bunsyensa

fit (in size and shape) konform-es, aptes, aptendes, semaptes

fit (suitable) apta, konforma, konvyen(um)a,

fit (suit) konvyen(um)-es, apt-es,(-apt-) menzur-aptes, mer-aptes, form-aptes, 

sayz-aptes, kolor-aptes ktp.) 

fix fiks-es, arang-es, repar-es

fix (in place) fast-es, kanfiks-es, advefikses, transfast-es (to fix by piercing)

fixed fiksa, fiksita

fixed (in place) kanfiksita, fasta

flacon flakongo

flame flamo

flag flago

flagpole masto di bandero, flago

flake floko (of snow, soap, oats)

flap flap-es, fladr-es (with wings or on the wind)

flat - apartamento, lokteyo

flat (level, surface) plata, -o

flavour flavoro, aromo, arom-es, aromado, flavor-es

flea pulgo

flee (fly away) fuges, eskapes

flesh karno, meat - vyango

float flaut-es (to stay on the surface of a liquid)

flood inund-es, -o, fludo, -es.

floor (of a room) bordo, parkyeto (wooden)

floor (storey) etajo

flounder flond-es,(lukt-es)to struggle;to move with difficulty,as in mud -zormobes)

  She is floundering in school - Li flonda (zorva) ka skolo. After a few minutes of 

floundering   things begin to click into place. Pos pokta minutoy di flondo le 

kosoy komkliki(s) i loko.

flounder(flatfish) pleuronekto, flondro

flour farino 

flow fluv-es, -o (the river flowed to the sea - le flumo fluvi ka maro)

flower floro, -ifes,-es

flower pot - floruyo, portefloro

fluctuate fluktuv-es

fluent fluventa (facilspabla) (about liquids - fluva, fluvanta)

fluffy flufa

fluid fluido, fluida

flute fluto

flutter flatr-es,  Le flago flatra (suinga) il vyento

fly (v.) flug-es (intr.) aer-ob-es, P: vol-es, naut-es

fly mosko

foam (scum) skumo

fog niblo

fokus fokuso -fokus-es (al, en)

fold (n.) faldo, furrow -rugo, furrow (agriculture) - surko

fold (v.) fold-es (tr.), semfoldes

folk folko,publo, popolo (popular - popula, popularr)

follow seq-es (follow me - seqes mi)

fontain fontino

food fudo, yelado, yelo, nutrado

fool (n.) stupidono

foolish stupida, absurda, naiva

foot (of a leg) futo

football (game) fut-bolo, pyedbolo

for (in order to, on behalf of) po, por- (in order to, on behalf of) po ke

forage (Food for horses or cattle) furajo

forbid (interdict) forb-es, God forbid! (may it not happen - Ke solme to ne 

eventos, mey solme to ne eventos!) - Dio forbes!

force forzzes (cultivate plants)

force (mechanical)forto. May the Force be with you. ESP:Que la fuerza este´contigo.

Mey le forto esta ko tu! 

forehead forfaso, frunto

foregone pasa, pasinta

foreign alya, otralanda, esterlanda

foreigner alyono, otralandono, esterlandono, esterono,P: utono

forenoon am. antemeridyo,  antem nuno,(noon - nuno, meridyo)

forest -  arbero, furesto, silvo

forestation - furestokulto, befuresto, furest-agro, 

forester - furestaryo, furestisto

forever cem, ceme,

forewarn - prevarn-es

forget - olv-es, des-memb-es, unforgettable - neolvebla   

forgive pardun-es, skus-es, deskulp-es

fork forko (cutlery) furko (tool) bifurcation -(in road) -voyfurko = disevoyo

form (compose) konstitut-es

form (shape) (n.) formo

form (shape) (v.) form-es

former  antema, formera, unesma, antika, eksa, eksa-. 

formula formelo

fortress forteso, fortifikado

fortune fortuno

forum forumo

forward avanta,  Foren!

forward, to - for-sped-es, forenspedes 

found fond-i

foundation (base) fundo, fundamento to lay the f.: fund(ament)-es.

foundation fondo,

fountain fuento, fuenteyo

fox foks-o; f. hunter: fokso-yakt-isto.

foyer  fueyo

fraction (mat) frakso (with numbers: -F-) 1/2 dufo (dufrakso) (HAL -),1/3 trinfo, 

1/4 kuarfo… t.t.p (etc.)

to divide into fractions: fraks-es.

fraction (politic) fraksyo

fragile (also fig.) frajila (cf. delikata) krusta

frame framo, kadro

frecles frekoy

free libera , fri-a, desokupita, beliberita, beliberes un lando

free (of cost) frikosta, gratisa,-i, sinpaga

free beliber-es, semfri-es, befri-es

free: (adj.) liber-a, (person) -ono; f. will: arbitro; Arbitra volunto (libera 

volunto) thinker: libera (fri)pyens-anto

freedom liberezzo, libero, We do not have the freedom to do just what we like. Mu 

ne-x le libero simple fendes qom mu deza.

freeze frist-es (intr.), frost(end)-es

frenzy fola, furiyosa

frequent freqa, fre-, freq-es

frequently freq-evente, FRE- freqe,freqem =da tempo ka tempo.(sometimes)poktavolte

fresh frexa

fretful: irit-ebla; iriteza, iritinda

friar: monah-(an)o.

fricasée: frikes; frikeso, frikesado.

friction: (rubbing) frikto, froto; (discord) des-konkordo.

Friday frado, Fradyem

friend amiko, (more intimate - amyo ) amyeno -girlfiend, amyano -boy-friend 

fries fritadoy, patatafritadoy, frityeloy

fright teruro, pauro (terror (political terror - teroro, teror-es)

frighten (scare somebody) efr-es, terur-es, betemor-es (algono), bepaur-es(algono) 

fringe fringo (polish: frędzel)

frivolous frivola, frivolona

frog - frogo

frolic  petol-es

from da, dan-,(out of - de, den-) 

from (starting from) da (da ta direkso)

from now  da tyem, da tyemo, from that day - da ta dyemo, dal jorno

front of, frontale di

front (adj.) frontala, fora, forplasa

front (fore part) frontalo, fronteyo, FORO, frontaleyo,(arch.) gablo 

frost frosto

fruit frukto

fry frit-es (tr./intr.)

fuck (coitus)koyto,koytes(sexual interc.)seksosaut-es,peyorative:fotr-es,fagv-es.

full (plenty of) plenta a …, plenter,ful-, -yosa, -uyero (v.) plent-es

full (satiated, to the full) - fula, FUL- 

fulfill - ful-es, (beplent-es) Qes tu fuldormis? 

Despite what people see in him, he has no desire to fulfill their expectations. 

Kontre qom hominoy viri i hi, hi maxa na deziro po fules lua previroy.

fume fumo

fumigate fum-es, befum-es

fun jolo, diverto, have fun = semdivertes, semjoles pe…ko… jolemo, jolemes

function funsino, shorter form: funko,-es, Qe to funka?

funny drola, DROL-, bediverta,divertara, komika, ridikla, jola, jolviga, joldara

fur pelso

furious furia,furiyosa, folyosa, foloda

furl  ferles (sails)

furniture mubloy -UBLO, skritUBLo, skafo, bukublo, dormublo -sengo, sidelo,sidublo 

garde-robo, klenublo, etp.

furrow n. (agriculture) -surko, (on forehead) -rugo

furrow v.(forhead) rug-es, berug-es

further plonge - plilongem (more, any more,longer in time)

 Plonge!- Go on! (Vam!)

fury -furio, furiyoso, folo, folezzo

fusil fuzilo, karabino, pafijo, (mobile - pafilyo)

futile vanida, Vanide!

future futurio, estontezzo, estontemo, vyenontemo 


gain - perlabores, ern-es, -o,  to gain -win = gvan-es, to earn, to win; ernado: what is gained; -end-anta: lucrative, profitable – profit-ar-a; covetous, greedy; -ez-ezzo: cupidity; ernes sa nutradyoy: to make one's living; vivernes. Ernes desto Euroy: to earn (or make) ten €; gvanes batalo: gain a battle.

galaxy - galakso

gallant galanta

gallon galongo

gallop galopes

game gemo, -es,(play) plud-es, (match - maco) gambl-es (with risk) 

gape gaup-es, Gau-mires

garage garajo

garbage traxo, fartraxo

garden jardino, jardo

gargle  gargole-es

gas gaso

gate pordo (i gradilo ho muro) pordodo, gateo, entreyo

gather (collect) koleks-es, begrupes, beER-es, semer-es

gawky gaua,deslerta,stupida,plumpa,GAU-,gau-tono,gaumir-es, gaufal-es, gau-v-es

gay (merry) - jola (jolly up -jol!)

gay geyono (homosexual male) geyo,geyano, (homosexual female) lezbyo,lezbyeno

general (adj.) generala, generall

general (milit) - geralo

generate gener-es

generation genro, gento

generosity generoso, giftindezzo

generous generosa,desavara,darinda, Li esta semdara=she is generous(self-giving)

gendarme jandarmo

genial genia, (geniala), geniall

genitals genitaloy (peniso, vulvo)

genius genyo, genyono

gentle -jentila, milda, leja (ne peza) gentle does it! - Pyane!

gesticulate: (intr.) gest-es

gesture: gesto

get (acquire) akires) resIBes (-IB-),rezzept-es, fiks-es, prin-es

get (fetch) bring-es, bevyen-es,impurt-es, kanport-es,

get rid of- bik-es, BI-,qites,omites,transesautes,evites, desprines,P:fardar-es

to lose hope - biesper-es,  leses espero, to deprive oneself of hope - SIM esper-es

Never deprive someone of hope, it maybe all they have - Nem biesper-es algono,bo to 

esteda co qom lu poxa. 

ghost fantoNo,fantazmo, spuko, spirito

giant giganto, megono

gift gifto, darado,

girl - pueno, joveno

girl friend -amyeno, (flik-amyo, puen-amyo)

give - dar-es,-AR-es(to give, to produce)sangifes-sangares to bleed) give birth - 

bortar-es. What are you going to give your father on his birthday? - Qom tu va 

dares ka tua patro po ha naskodyemo? Dyemoy semadizzi ka dyemoy, ti nado semkambi. 

give up - rezign-es, kapitol-es,  sel-sub-dares, semsub-es

glacier glazyo, glazyono

glad - kontenta, glada,

glamour glamoro, xarmo, P: prestajo

glance (look quickly) blinko, P: oklojekt-es, okloblinkes, oklOBes

glass (material) vitro

glass (tumbler) glaxo

glass glaso (Small receptacle, usually cylindrical of glass used for drinking) 

glasses - oklijoy, oklovitroy, oklovitrijo, binocular - binoklo

glaze - glazur-es, vitr-es, semglazures

globe globuso, mondomapo

gloomy (morose) sombra

glove gantelo (boksinga glovoy - glovoy)

glow ard-es, skint-es (faster) bril-es

glue gluo 

gnaw mordetes, gnaves

go (v.)v(ant)es, (va, vo, ves!)veh-es, to go on foot - kamines (pyedves)

      enves - make one´s way towards something. Go tu sleep = dorm-enves

go away, out, farves, sortes, P: dan-v-es, den-v-es, farves! Far! Sort!

goal eymo, skopo, zzelo - trafes zzelo

going to ,be,intenves,I am going to buy it tomorrow Mi va kofes to tompe. 

      Mi kofEZa to tompe.

goblet pokalo

god Dio,gudio(idolyo idolyono,(be)gudiono,begudiato)Po Dio! Pordie! Mi jura pe ma 


goddess gudieno, gudieso

godly pyuse, devote

godsent skyelgifto, dia-gifto, gudia gifto, regalo

gold guldo, Auriyumo

goldish  guld-ezz-a,  guldeska

golf (sport) golfo

good bona, bon

goodbye Adio, Adie, Astel! Kal viremo! Astel viremo! Bay-bay!

good afternoon Bun suaro! Bun tardemo!

good day  Bun dyem! Buna dyemo! Buna jorno!

good morning Bun fremo!

good night Buna nokto! Bunokte!

goods varkoy, komersadoy

google (brauses - brausijo) gugles, net-es,  net-ob-es , vernet-es

google mir-od-es

goose guso

gorge gorjo

gossip klaco, -es

govern govern-es, reg-es

governess guvernisteno

government governo, governistero, registero

grace - grasyo, xarmo

grade grado

gradually pok-pokte, poktumpokte, grade, konfegrade

grain grayno, -ul-o

grandchild gr-enfo (granenfo) nepo, nepano (grandson)

granddaughter nepeno

grandfather granpatro, granpo, abuano

grandmother granmatro, granmo, abueno

grandparent granparento, genitoro, abuo

grape druvo, vindruvo

grasp grasp-es

grass (plant) herbo

grateful be, estes grazza, grazz-es, grazzeza, dank-eza

I am grateful for your help. Mi grazza po tua helpo.

gratis  gratisa, frikoxta, sinpaga

gratitude grazzo, dankezezzo, dankezo,( Grazzo! Danko! - Thanks!)

graze (beasts) sem paust-es 

graze -(touch lightly)leje tuktes -frol-es; (scratch) skrap-es.

great (big) grana - gran,very big - molte grana, granoda,imensa, huge -mega (-OD-)

greedy grida

green verda, P: grina

greenish (somewhat green; having a tinge of green) grin-et-a,verdeta, grin-esk-a 

greet salut-es, bebunvyen-es

grenade grenado

grey gria

grieve - grives da... semtristes da... sorines da...

grill grilo, gril-es, rost-es

grimace  grimaso

grime grime, -IMo

ground (earth) terdo , grondo, terdeyo

group grupo, ero  

grow (larger,higher) kres, mont-es, (intr.) skales, kres(es)(about people, animals 

and plants)

growl graules  

guard (in general) gardes, -o, -isto (gardostari - vaktes, sentrinel-es) gardisto, 

sentrinelanto, vaktisto

guerrilla gverilo

guess - gves, divinses 

guest gosto (gostes -to be a guest) P: hospo

guide: gvid-es, -anto 

guilty kulpanta, kulpyosa

guitar gitaro

gum gomo

gun (firearm) (pirarmo) pafijo

gurgle gorg-es

guru guruo


habit - habo (P:habido),freqe-unte,rutine, ru- (a tendency or disposition to act in a particular way) I'm in the habit of reading before I go to bed. Mi habe lekta antem mi va sengen. (Mi ru-lekta antem mi inva( entra, centra ) sengen, Mi lektanda ante(m) mi inva sengen. Mi ru-lekta antem mi kama)

hacker - haktaryono, haktanto (computer: hakt-es)

hag hekso

hail haylo

hair keplo, keploy

half halo,hale (as prefix: HAL-) duafrakso - dufo,halo,fraction with numbers -F-. 

halmondo, halanyo, halkloko, halo, halkuktita, halsurda, hal-kapi, halviva,

hi-s halgeniala ti halfola. Parolo parta hale kal parolanto ti hale kal askoltanto. 

A speech belongs half to the speaker and half to the listener

hall (large room) holo, granzalo, vestibuleyo

hello Ha-lo! Saluto! Buenvyene!(Buenvyenes!) He! 

hallucination  halusino, 

halt halt-es, -o, -eyo. Halt! Stop! halteso, semhalteso

ham xinko

hammer martijo

hammer (v) mart-es, forg-es

hand (n.) hando - polmo - manuo

handcar - drezino

handle hand-al-o, hand-esk-o

hang pend-es, -end-es, hang-es(tr) (on a hook etc.)

happen event-es, pas-es

happy felica

harbour purto

hard (not easy) desfasila, zora, taufa (tauf-es) zora laboro

hard (not soft) harda, dura  

hardly ”penge” zore, lo montra, ke lo-s ne pli, mo anke algerete ple. 

Ne totye, ”penge” rilateda ka qantero ho menzuro (mero). 

Unfortunately such an experiment can hardly be regarded as practicable. Sorineje

 tezza esperimento trakteda-s zore ki praktikebla.

hardware  hardvarko

harmony harmonyo

harp harpo

harpoon harpyungo

harrow (A cultivating implement used for breaking up clods of earth and pulverizing

 and smoothing ploughed soil) herpilyo

harrow to, erp-es, (by machine: erp-ilyum-es) 

harrowing erpa, erpenda (fig.)  kor-treka, kor-erpa

harum-scarum   harum-skarum, pelo-melo, kaotike, sem-renflekte, ne-pyens-ime.

harvest harvest-es

haste hastes, semrapid-es, semrapes, semurgeso, (in haste -haste, rape, urge) 

hat capo, capelo

hate (v) haktes, averz-es, antipat-es, hakto - haktes,  desam-es, deskyer-es 


haul haul-es

haunt  hant-es (frequent) (spuko- fantom-)(obsess - osento) osent-es ti 

have   max-es, (short form: -X), I have this - Mi maxa to, Mi-x to

Also: I have to go now - Mi-x vi tyem, OR: Mi v(ant)axa tyem = mi vantaba (v-aba) 

tyem - have (in meaning of possesion) maxes, poxes) Qes mi maxa to po yeles? = Qes 

mi tom yelaxa?

haven purto

he - hi

head: (of body) kepo; (chief) cefo, mastro; (cf. suffix -estro); (of a ship) for-parto,forparteyo, proro; (direction of a ship) sinso; (geographical) kabo; (of a river) fuento P: fonto; (of an arrow) pinto; march at the h. of his troops: marxes pre sa trupoy; to be h. of a firm: direktes firmo; (to go) h. foremost: perkepe foren; to go h. over heels: (intr.) kulb(ut)es; to h. for: semdires ka, en; from h. to foot: da kepo aste pyedo; to eye from h. to foot: bemires algono da kepo aste pyedoy; demand the head of: (fig.) reqes le vivo (o, le morto) di algono;  bare h.ed: kep-nakne; light headed: kep-leja, frivolona; h.less: sin-kepa. Stares su kepo. Kep-kan-terde.

headache: kepo-augino, Mi kepaugina. Mi auga al (da) stomako. toothache: 


health sano, sanido, sanidarr, sanamyento,(bun)syenso

healthy sana, desmalga, salubrious - salubra. 

The air is very salubrious, and the neighbouring vineyards produce excellent wine.

    - Le aero esta molte salubra, ti nauba vinjardoy produkta eselenta vino. 

heap hupilo, kumolo, masio, haldo

hear aud-es

heart koro

heat (v.) hays-es, varm-es, end-es, pir-end-es

heat varmo, varmODo, hayso

heaven skyelo, skyeloy, Granskyeloy!

heavy peza (antonym: leja)

hectic febra

heel anat: kalkso, parto di xuzo - kalks-ad-o, kalks-al-o

hell inferno

helmet helmo, kasko

help help-es, -o, ayd-es, aydo, (-AYD-) ausil-es, ausila, (adeayda)

helper helpanto, helparyono, aydanto, ausilanto, ausilaryono

hen galo, galeno

her la, lia, le … di li

here tey, ta-loke

here is, there is, Behold! Voilà! - Tezzo! Tey-s! Vo-la! Ho-le! Ta-da! 

(In French: Voilà. In Esperanto: jen (Interj. used to express success or

satisfaction.To point out or call attention to something.) There is the problem! 

Tezzo-s le probo. Hi fali le tezza vortoy - Hi spoke the following words.

heredity herido, herid-es

hero heroyo 

herself (pron.) li sel

hesitate hest-es 

hesitant - hesteza, ne serta

heyday: heydyemo, plent-ezzo (di jovezzo, e.c.); bunemo.

hiccup hiko, -es

hide (v.) kriptes, kript-end-es, (kriptogramendes) kamufles, mask(-end-)es 

hideous turpoda (very ugly)

hierarchy: hierarkio

higgledy-piggledy: pel(e)mele.

high skalta, skaltero

high time -yustemo, zzemo! akuratemo, skaltemo, To be in time for

-Estes il zzemo po fes to. It is a high time to do it - Lo-s le skaltemo 

 granemo) po (fes) fendes to. 

highway: granvoyo, voy-odo, autostrado

hill kolino

hinder (v.)  prevent-es, stakl-es, fren-es, detain: (withold) dityen-es, embarases, 

pli-tard-endes; lenk-endes; sem rentyenes 

hip kokso

hippy hipio 

hire (engage) engaj-es,kontrakt-es,kontrakt-endes

hire (hire out)lug-es,arend-es,sem mercenar-es

hireling - mercenaryono

his ha, le … di hi

hiss silbes

history historio, (story - storyo)

hit impakto, frapo, kolpo, klapo, klako, kliko

hit frap-es, batr-es, kolp-es

hit (collide with) kolijes, shok-es, krax-es

hit trafes 

hitherto  astetyem(a)

hoarse rauka

hobby hobyo

hobble klodik-es, lamves

hold (in hand) hold-es

hold (contain) - kontyen-es, inmax-es, inpoxes

hole truvo, kaveto

holder (object) fodralo, gayno, -AYNo  suordayno, pyedayno, ovayno,

holiday holidyemo, fyestemo, vakyanso, vakyans-em-o, feryemo

hollow truva, truvyosa 

holy: santy-a, holia, to make h.: beholies, besantyes, H. Ghost: Santya Spirito; H. Office: santya tribunalo; H. Scriptures: santya skrit(ad)oy; most h.: sakro-santya; h. oil: krismo, santya oly-o, -i; h. orders: santya sakramentoy, kler(ik)-ezzo; to confer h. orders: the sacrament of ordination - ordinakt-es, sakrament-event-es; h. water: santyaqo , holiaqo.

home heymo  Make yourself at home! Syens heyme!

homepage heympagino, heympagyo, heymeyo

honest onesta

honey myelo

honour honoro

hood kepuso P: hudo,

hook hoko, hok-es

hope esper-es, -o

horizon horizonto

horny volupta, volupteza, hornia

horse kavelo

hot varmODa, hota

hotel hotelo

hound hundo, hund-ac-o

hour (60 minutes) kloko,(P:klo) Qera (lo-s) kloko, tempo? (What time is it?)

rush hour - vyolmobemo - Kloko di intensa aktiveso di hominoy, esemple qe molta 

somem veha ka laboreyoy.

house domo , bildado

how  qe , qa-mode

how  many , much  Qer,  Qer (a) pauno tu deza? = Qe grana qanterom a (di) pauno tu 

deza? OR: Lom qero a (di) pauno...(Atentes ke takause lo ne triba fales: Qer di 

pauno(M) tu deza?)

however (conj.)doke,(Esp:tamen)qalge, ca-kause, mo, kanvyere:(however,to be sure,

 it is true, of course) ”However” means "even so" or, "on the other hand." "Qalge” 

 signa ”anke te”ho:”otreflanke”.EX:Qenke hi ne-s buna homino, DOKE mi helpos hi. 

hug hag-es, cir(ke)hag-es, cirke-bras-es, (cuddle to -kokles (hug closely)

huge granODa, mega, (imensa)

hullabaloo kalabaliko

human homina,P: homa, hominezza, homala

humane humania,humanezza, humanizma,

humanity hominero, humanio

humble humila

humorous  komika, humoryosa, humoreza (jokeza)

humour (wit) humoro, sense of humor - humor-syento, komiksyento, humorezo

humour (temper, mood) temper(ament)o, mudo (varyo-tempera, varyo-muda, bunmuda, 


hump - gobo

hunchback gobono 

hundred cento

hunger fomo, -es, edezo

hunt - yakti

hurricane - hurikango, orkango (orkano) 

hurry urges, semurges, beurges

hurt (be in pain) augino, aug(in)-es, -aug(in)o

husband sposano, meryano

husk (pod) guxo

hush besilent-es, bekalm-es, P: hux-es

hut hatino, kabino

hymn himno


I mi

ice glazzo

ice-cream krem-glazzo (glazzadoy)

icon ikono

idea: ide-o; (koncepto, proyekto); -l: -ala, -all; an i.l: ide-alo; -lizm: -al-izmo; -lize: beideales; -listic: (person) -al-ista, -isto; I have an i.: mi susponda, imag(in)a, sempyensa (ke); put bad ideas into one’s head: sugestes (pyensares) mala pyensoy ho proyektoy; I had no idea that  Mi ne imagi ke...

identical identa, soma, ta soma, te some

identification -identendo - (identifiko) (qal-idento)

idiom idiomo = langado, lingvado

"An absolutely logical language without its own idioms would be lifeless and too mechanical.)(L. Zamenhoff)

Atlango:"Lingvo absolute logika ti totye si sa idyomadoy estu lingvo sinviva ti pluke vekta (mekanika)."

Esperanto:"Lingvo absolute logika kaj tute sen idiotismoj estus lingvo senviva kaj tro peza.

Le Portugala: "Uma língua completamente lógica e isenta das suas características próprias seria uma língua sem vida e demasiado mecânica."

idiot idyoto, kretino

idle: (unoccupied) desebiza, nebiza, n-oqa; (lazy) indolenta, des-ag-eza, des-fend-eza; (inactive) ne-ag-anta; ne-unt-ata; ne-funk-anta; desfunka, (vain) vanida; (fig.) sterila; ne-utila; frivolona; to i.: (intr.) semindolentes; vanid-es, i. away: (time, etc.) spreces … , nepreoqes pe, ti

idleness: (temporary) desfendezzo, (habitual) -desfendo; (tendency) -im-ezzo; sin-labor-ezzo; (freetime) liber-tempo, liberemo; indolent-ezzo; P: idlo

idler: zero-fend-anto,  indolent-ono, nebizanto, n-oqanto

idol: (also fig.) idoly-o; idolyono,  -ater: -isto; -atry: -end-ando; -kulteo, -izmo;  -ize: -endi; (fig.) amor-odes; , adores-(ac)es.

idyl: P: idil-o; -lic: idila, idilika

i.e.: t.e. to-s.(to esta); c.e. co-s. (co esta).

if ya; if not: ya ne; if only: ya solme; if I only could: ya mi solme puedu. 

even if: anke ya; P:YANKE,

ignore ignor-es

ill (unwell) malga, malsana, malsyensa, malesta, aug(in)yosa

malga a kepo (kepaugino) To-s malgENDa pol koro, korauga. 

illness malgo,-OZYO, malsyenso, defauto, partrubo,tuberkulozyo,psikozyo, 

also: laborozyo - laborizzo, nervozyo - nervizzo

illumination - belumino 

illusion iluzo

illustrate ilustr-es

illustration ilustrado,

illustrator ilustr-atoro, ilustristo, ilustr-aryono

image imago, figuro,formo, pikto, -ESKO floreskoy

imagine imag-es, imag(in)es, figur-es

imagination imagino,imagado (imagEDo -imago-puedo),imagablo, fantasiado, 

imbibe bibr-es, bedrink-es, sembevr-es, P:drunk-es (alcohol) 

imitate imit-es

imitation imito, imitado

immediately instante,P: tuy, blikse (tuyem, bliksem)

immobilize desmobendes, mobINDes

impasse impaso, sindenveyo, desentr(ebl)o

impatience despatyenzzo, -a, sinpatyenzzo

impetuous impetuva, impetuv-es 

important importa, nezzesa, sign-as-a, grava (situation) (This is important - To grava)to-s importa, import -es: (intr.) to have import, be of importance or consequence; to matter, signify, concern; To-s importa: (impersonal) it is necessary;-o: importance,consequence; -anta: important; -anto: person of importance; importado: important thing or matter; to-s nemolte (o pokte) importa po mi, desimporta that is of little consequence; sinimporta, singrava: insignificant; Lo-s importa ves tren: it is necessary to go there. Lo-s nezzesa ves tren.

import (goods) impurt-es (varkoy)

impose, impond-es, trudes, (bedab-es) imposing impond(ant)a,to impose oneself: sem 

impondes, semtrudes, trudmesajo, trudarido 

impossible desebla, It ́s impossible! - To desebla! Ne puedeble! Despuedeble!

impression  impreso,  to make -impresi

impulse impulses -o

impute imputes

imune imuna, rezista

in i (in-)

in front of  frontale di, fore, forey

in order that  po ke,

in measure of  konfegrade, grade

inactive ne-ag-anta, (tendency) ne-ag-eza, desageza, indolenta; (inert) inerta.

incise incisi (incisuro)

incite provoki 

incessant ne-par-anta, sin-para, perpetua. sinbrese

incest incest-o;to commit i.:(intr.) -es; -uous: -anta,-ala,-eza;(person)-anto-ono.

inch “inch”  inco, (pl. -oy) (= cm. 2,54)

incident insidento

incline inklin-es (tr./intr.) inklino, Pro- (disposition, tendency) tolkative - 

  proparola, mortal - promorta (mortall) understanding - prokapa

include inklos- es

inconvenient desoportuna, deskonvyena

increase aument-es (tr./intr.), -o , kres-es

indeed (in fact) fate infate, (emphatic particle) porvyere, po vyero, He knows it 

very well indeed - Fate hi kuna to molte bun.

independent selstansa, selstara, sindependa 

indifference indiferento

indirect nedirekta, desrekta

individual individuo, individuono, (individu-al-ist-o) 

industry industro, idustrio

infamous malfama

infant enfo (enfanto) (historical: infanto)

infect infekti

influence influent-es, -o, influv-es

inform inform-es, mes-es !

ingenious ingenya

inhale  inhal-es

inherent inherenta - esensie propia, esensiado

initiate -inites, kom-es,bekom-es, startes. (beadept-es, semadept-es)

initiate (adherent) - aderanto, adepto, initato

initiative -inito, P: starto

inject  inyekt-es 

injure harmo, domajo

ink inko,inkausto, atramento. tuco - Chineese black ink

in low  parenta, halparenta, HAL-  brather-in-low - Halfrato, xograno

inn albergo, taverno

inner interna

innocent inosenta, sinkulpa 

innovate benuv-es,

innovation  benuveso, benuvo

inrush invazo

insane sinmentala, sinminda, fola

insect  insekto

insert insert-es, beyentr-es

inside (adj./adv.) insa , interne (inso, interno)

inside (prep.) i, centre di, interne di … , centrey, inporde, des-abr-ey

insider (in business) kin(ey)-ary-o, kiney-on-o 

insignificant sinsign-axa, sinsignifika

insist insist-es (intr.)

inspect inspekt-es

inspire - inspir-es, (inspirvig-es, seminspires) inspirabla

install instal-es, munt-es, konmunt-es

instigate instig-es (ka, kontre)

instead of - anstate, vice, za,zame,(zam-) in place of - remplase (di), (i) loko 

di, inloke di,to act as a substitute for somebody - vices, (vice-ag-es) (vicaryono)

institute: (establish, found) institutes; (initiate) inites,startes (cf. proceses;

entraprines, dekretes); (learned society) instituto.

institution: see suffix-ERYO(as: eduk-eryo: an educational institution); (something

instituted) institut-ado; (learned) instituto; public i.s: institut(ad)oy pobla.

instruct (teach) instru-es

instrument (tool) instrumento, instrumo -IJo, pludijo (a toy, from 'play'); 

trancijo (a knife, from 'cut', kutijo); helpijo (a remedy, from 'help')(a tool); 

ijero, instrumero 

(equipment, set of tools)  

insult insult-es, -o, afront-es, ofend-es

insure asekur-es

integral integra

intellect intelekto

intelligence inteligenzzo,  informo - spyuneso , spyunand-es

intelligent inteligenta, 

intend intentes, ”va", eymes,  Mi va fendis algo - mi va fa algo. 

I am going to do something  Also: -EZ: Qes tu f-eza algo ta suare? Are you doing 

anything this evening? (Do you want to do…) intentes = Also: to go to… Intentes po 

fendes algo ho intentes ka… en…

intensive, intensively - P:intenze

interdict - interdikt-es, o,(an action or thing: preforb-es, prohibid-es, despurm-

es, (forbid someone to do something: forb-es)

interest intereso

be interested i - interes(es) pri, kunezes (mo)

interesting - interesa, intresenda, interesanta, beinteresa

interlocutor interloktanto, interlokt(ary)ono (interloktes - konverzes)

international internasia

interview (press, TV, radio) intervyuvo, intervyuv-es, toko, bintoko

intestine intestino

intimate intimida

into  centren. Mi entris domen. I threw the apple into the hause. Mi 

jektis le pomo centrel domo.(centrendome) centreyo - interior

intone - intones, KOMsonges, KOMkyantes

intricate komplika, labirenta 

intrigue intrigo, intrigado, intriges

intriguing (very interesting) konsiderneja, preja = pyenseja, intrigenda

introduce introdukt-es

intrude (as intruder) (sem)intrudes

intruder intrudono

intuition intuo, intuido

invent invent-es, denpyens(es)

invest invest-es

investigate - investig-es, esplores, Qales, Qal-

inviolable   netuktebla, tabua , nevyoltukta

invite invit-es

invoice faturo, kalkolo

involve (enfold) involvi; (as in a plot) in-duktes (algono); intrik-es;(by 

inference)implik-es (of debts)  sem xarjes pe deboy. (skuldoy)

involved (in debt) dabo-xarj-ata, -ita; (logically) implik-ata, -ita; kompleksa;

 komplik-ata, -ita; ne-simpla.

iris (of eye) iriso

iron (metal) ferno (to iron - fernopreses, plans-es ) cast iron - gisferno, 

iron - steam iron - vapor gladijo

irrevocable nerevokebla

is esta, -s, to be -estes

island islo

issue n (matter) isuo, qesumo, problemo (probo);(of book) dedaro,edizzado,(of 

magazine) numero; (outcome) rezulto. 

it  to,tadyo,lo

it's to-s, (There ́s - Lo-s ... Tezzo-s...)

itch (intr.) skab -es (skabyo - scabies; mange); skabyomalgo, skabozyo (disease); 

ivory ivoro

jacket (man's) vesto, jaketo 

jail prijeyo, aresteyo

jam jamo, mermelo, konfituro

January Januo

Japan Japanio

jargon jargo, jargondo 

jasmine jasmino

jaw makselo

jaws fauko (mouth of wild animal)

jazz jazo

jab pikuo, piku-es

jealous jala, jalyosa

jeans jinso

jewel yuvelo

job jobo, P:trabo, semafero, tasko

join yunt-es, kan-yunt-es, semkones, semkanes ka mu! 

join (place in contact) konekto, yuntendo, yunteyo

joke jok-es, -o

jolly up joli (have a fun -Jol!)

journal jornalo

journalist jornalisto

journey  vyajo

joy - jola, jolplenta

jubilate yubil-es, (exult: -yubil-es, triumf-es)

jubilee yubileso, yubil-em-o

Jude Jido, Yudo

judge juristo, judikisto, judikaryono, (but: jury member - juryono)

judge (general sense) judik-es, -anto  (prejudik-es, bejudikes) arbitres -arbitraro

judgement juro, judiko, judik-ado,- uro (judik-arik-o), arbitro (-ado)

jug krugo, vaso

juice juso, suko

July yulo

jump jamp-es, saut-es  -o , hup-es (sautetes)

June juno

jungle junglo

junk skrepo,traxo,fartraxo, sinvaladyo, brikabrako

junction yunto, yunteyo

junior yunyoro, jovo

jury juryo, juryonero

just (recently,just now, in the very time) - zze, akuratem,yustem, pretyem, antem, yuste tyem,akuratem, (he had just arrived: P: hi zzem arivis; just at that time: il soma instanto; ta-instante, ta-momente; just at present: just then: zze tem, ta-instante; they are j. alike: lu-s efektive (porvyere) simila;  they have just the same opinion: Lu-x yuste le soma opino; he had j. died: Hi (akuratem) zzem mortis. Mi zzem vyenis; OR: Mi vyenis prem pas. Lo zzem batris le trinesma kloko, doke (qem) mu entris urbo.

just (lawful, fair, correct, suitable) - justa, rayta, prava  

1. Equitable, lawful, legitimate, reasonable. - justa (justa deco, justa postulo)

2. Fair, impartial.  justa - Le judik(ur)o sevra mo justa.

3. Honest, righteous, upright. (justa juro, justa homino.(rayta, prava homino))

4. Correct, exact, suitable, fit. ( justa prazo, justa renkompenzzo. Do justice - Agi, agandi juste.

justice - justo, justezzo, (good, righteous man - justono) 

Justice, law, judicial organisation - justio (justiko)

Juro - juro, juridikio - legoxento 


kaleidoscope kaleidoskopo

keep (retain) tyenes,(keep in hand -hold-es) rentyen-es, plonge-tyen-es,konserv-es

kernel kerno

ketchup ketcupo

kettle kuktijo, boylero,kuktORo, ketulo

key (of lock, etc) klefo

key (on a keyboard ) klavo

keyboard klavero, klavijo,

"key in" - (to key in a telephone number) in-klav-es 

kick kolpes (pe pyedo)

kill bemort-es,  masakr-es, biviv-es

kill (slay, murder)  murdes

kilt kilto, yupo.

kimono kimono

kind (adj.) afabila, bunkora, jentila

kind (sort) spesyo, sortimento

kindness afabilezzo, jentilezzo, favoro, Po favoro!

kindred gento

king or qeen royo, monarko, royano, royeno

kingdom regno, roylando, regnolando, regneyo, monarkio, roydominio

kiosk kiosko

kiss bes(es)

kitchen kuqeyo,kukteyo, kuktorumo (as a part of an apartment, flat) 

kite kayto

knead knedes

knee genolo

kneel kniles, fleksi genoloy, genol-es, Knil!

knife kutijo, kuco

knight kavaloro, k.hood: kavalorezzo, (collect.) kavalanero

knock frap-es, -o, knock out - nokaut-es

knot (in cord, etc) neudo, beneud-es

knout knuto (whip)

know: (by acquaintance, by sense of perception) renkunes; (by learning) kunes, ables; (recognise) renkunes, (cf. agnosk-es); intelektes; kunprines, kap-es; God knows: Dio kuna!; I do not know: mi ne kuna; let me know: informes mi; to make something known to someone: kunendes (bekunes) algono ko algo; informes, instrues algono ti algo; know by name: renkunes algono pe numo; I know him: (recognise him) mi kuna hi; know by heart: kunes memore, kunes memball; know a lesson, a language: kunes, kunedes leksyo, lingvo.

know(know socially or to know situation)kun-es,(acquaintance)kump-es ko(acquainted 


know (be socially acquainted with) kun-es, kumpes ko,

know (by learning) kun-es,(get to know to someone: bekun-es. (connoisseur - 


know how - kun-ed-es, puedes kunes KUN-, Mi kunlekta - I can read.

knowing: inteligenta; kunabla (clever) abla;  -ly:  ko kuno, kune,  

Inquisitive - kun-ez-es ti algo.

knowledge: kuno, (what is known) kunado; (information, acquaintance) kunado; to 

my k.: konfe ma kuno (pe afero, pe algono)

kvetch qeces

label  etikto

labyrinth -(maze) labirento, meyzo

laboratory laboreyo, testeyo

lace  lazo (xuzlaz-es, de-xuzlaz-es) snuro 

lack(be wanting)mankamento,bristo mango, bristado - bristes, sino, sinado,plako 

lacquer laqoyo, P:lakoyo

ladder ladero

lady Madamelo, Damelo

lake lago

lamb ovino P: lambo

lame lama, kripla, invalida, desabla 

lament (mourn, grieve) lamento, lament-es

lamp lampo

land (country) lando ,kampeyo, kampero, paeso

land (ground) terdo, grondo

land (v) landes, kanterdeso

landscape paesajo (natural scenery), panoramo (painted: landxafto)

language lingvo, lango, idyomo. langes - to speak a language

lantern lanterno

larder garde-yelo, yelublo, yeloskafo

large (capacity) grana, mega, ampla,spazyosa, vasta

larynx P:larinkso 

lasso lasso (keptosnuro ko nuzo)

last (endure) daur-es, daurest-es, plongest-es (plongedaures, plong-es  endure)

last laste, lastem

last fina, ultimida, pasa, pasinta, recenta, lasta, lastem

last-year tranye, pasanye, pasintanye, recentanye, lastanye

lasting daurabla, parmanenta, solida

latch (of door) klinko, bolto, regelo

late tarda, ne plonge, tard-es, semtardes

lately - lastem, lastatempe

latent latenta

later pli tarde, tardem

latrine latrinoyo 

laugh rid-es, -o ,ridikles, hah-es, (smile - smiles)

laughter rido, berido

launder lav-es

lavatory lavatorio, WC "weco", toyleto, nezzeseyo,(woter-)kloseto, klosetoyo,

 "kloyo"(loo) latringo

lavish prodiga, desavarenta, desegrida, dareza,

law (a law, jurisprudence) lego, juridikio (legoxento)

law court tribunalo

lawful konfelegva, legvala, legval(end)ita

lawlessness anarkyo, sinlegvemo, sinlegv-atio, des-lego

lawn gazongo

lawyer legisto, yuristo

layer strato, layero

lazy pigra , ne-labor-im-a

lead (bring along) dukt-es, kondukt-es, dirig-es

lead (guide) gvid-es

lead (metal) plumbo, P: plumbiyumo

leaf (of plant) - folyo, hosto

leaf in a book) folyo, hosto, karto

leak dyar-es, (P: flumes) Le flumeto dyara vel valeyo.

leakage verdyaro, dyarado, Liqado (liquid) dyara de aquyo.

lean (incline) inkli-es (tr./intr.) 

leap saut-es (intr.), -o

learn (commit to memory) lern-es, bememb-es , bememor-es

learned dokta, erudita

learning lerno, kuno, xento, eruditezzo

least (adj.) minia, minimuma, le pla, le pla importa

at least  kanminie,plamolte P: kanplamolte

leather ledro

leave aband-es, les-es, farleses. (To lose restraint upon something: Li lesis 

kaures le buko. Li bekauris le buko. She let the book fall.

leave departes, farv-es, Eks! Go out!  Ut ko tu!

lecture preleksyo, leksyo

lecturer (pre)leksyanto, instruisto , P: lektoro 

left (opposite of right- (deksa- DEKS!) - lefa, -o , LEF!

leg gambo, pyedo, (foot- futo)

legend legendo

legitimize  legitimes

lend prunt-i (algono ka algono)

less (adj.) ple, ple molta,

less (before an adjective) ple

lessen diminutiv-i (tr./intr.) mikrendo, bemikres 

lesson leksyo  (Homework - heymleksyoy)

letargy letarjo

let in -inleses, (admit) kanleses

let (allow) Les, (Leses) vam, Let him go!- Les hi ves! (Vam)(Les) mu ves! - let ́s 

go!  Lo estes te!- Let it be! Les lo esto te! Vitro verlesa lumino.

letter (correspondence)  brifo

letter (of alphabet) letro

level (flat) flata

level[on the same level] nivolo

library biblioteko, librereyo, bukereyo

lick slik-es

lid lido, (kovrijeto) oklolido - (pal)pebro

lie (be situated) situ-es ,situazz-es, lokest-es, semtrov-es 

lie kam-es, to go on the bed - kames, to lie in a bed – yas-es (lie at full length) 

(sem)streynes, semtenges

lie (an object on something) pond-es,

lie (tell an untruth) mentin-es, blages,(flimflam-es)bluf-es,fals-es,-o to falsify-

falsif-es, fusk-es

life vivo, vivemo

lift (lift up) lev-es, -o, lift-es, skal-es

lift, elevator - lifto, levijo, lev-ily-o, 

light likto = electric light, lukso, lumino, 

light v.(a lamp, fire, etc) likt-es, xalt-es (deslikt-es = slek-es) liktes - 


light (illumination) lumino, belumino

light (in weight or force) leja, despesa

light bulb P: lampadino, lampolo

lightening blikso

light up (to luminate) liktes, P: ting-es, beliktes, (i)lumines, belumines, 


Qes le kandelo liktita-s,(tingita-s) ho to sel liktes (tinges)?

like(in the manner of)qe, qezze(she sings like a bird = li kyanta(songa)qe foglo)

like sombla (al), simila (al),esk-es, kaze,-ezza, somble ka, eske, -eska, -mode

like (v.) kyer-es (I like it - mi kyera to) simpat-es ko, ami-es (-am-)it appeals 

to me - To gusta ka mi (min) (appreciate - aprases)

like (similar to) simila (ka); sombla (ka) (such, of like kind) tezza; (egala) ploa; plovaleja - egaleja,(cf. suffix -ESK); to be l.: simil-es, sombl-es (algo, algono); (adv.) qe, qezze; he acts l. a king: Hi aga qe royo (as if he were a king); (n.) (le) simil-o, sombl-o, -ado, -ESKo; l.-minded: som-opina.   

limit limo

line linyo

linen linino

link linko

link together - link-es, belinkes, kupl-es 

lion leo, aslo aslano, asleno

lips labyoy

liquorice (licorice) liqoriso (glizzirizo)

liqueur likyero (alcoholic) Po esemplo: Apsinto (Absinthe)

liquid liqo, liqado -a (liq-(ik)ul-o - a drop)

liquidate liqid-es

lisp lispes

list listolo, (inlistol-es)

listen, listen to , (ask)olt-es P: oltes 

literate lektabla

literature letraturo

little (a little - small quantity of - ) poktete, algerete, qanterexo di... little 

desmolte, (little) mikre

little (small) mikra, poka (not so big)

little by little pokto-pokte , poktamode

live in (inhabit) loktes (tr.)

live (be alive) viv-es

live (dwell) resid-es

lively vivente, vivyose, viveze

liver hepato

load kargo, karges

lobby lobyo, lobyogrupo, lobyonero

lobbing lobyumo,-es, lobyopres-es, lobyeso

lock (with key) klefes (with bolt) rigles

lock lokto

locomotive lokomotoro

loft lofto, mansardo, subetekto

log - wood -legnobloko, tronko, klosko

long longa (in time: longem, moltem)

long for (nostalgie) lengi,nostalgi, sospir-es ka

look (direct the gaze) mir-es (algo, algono); (l. like, as if) aspektes; montres myeno (trista, felisa, e.c.); sombles; (of houses, etc.) estes ekspond-ita, l. after: ang-es  l. for: (be in quest of) xerkes; (see expect); l. into: (investigate) esplor-es; QAL-es, l. like: (resemble) simil-es, sombles,  look on, watch (as a spectator) (e)spek-es; l. out: Semgardes! , (pay attention) atent-es, -Atentes!; (be in quest for) xerkes (cf. observar); l. up to: (respect) respekt-es; l. proud: maxes fyera myeno; to l. well: bune aspektes; bunaspektes, l. like a fool: fol-aspekt-es.

look (gaze, glance) blinko, miro; (appearance) aspekto; (mien) myeno.

looking-glass: speglo

look-out: (watcher) gvat-anto, -aryono, -isto; oserv-anto, (lower) gvat-o-turm-

eto, ( belvireyo- belvisteyo); (as with troops, etc.) gard-isto ; (view

visto, virado (cf. perspektivo); to be on look for: (lie in wait) gvates (algono, 

algo);to put on l.: begvat-es (algono)

look! (Voilà!) - Mir! Vua-la!, Tey-s! Tezzo!

look around cir-mir-es

look, look at - mires, spektes, (glance (look quickly) blink-es, okloblinkes)

look for xerk-es

look out for: (be on the watch for) gvat-es

loose loza

Lord - Sioro, Sioro, Gransioro, Domino, Patrono, Lordo, 

lorry kamyongo , loryo, truko (kargotruko)

lose perdes, sinf-es, sinfendes (sin- without) bi-, sim

lottery loterio

loud (of voice, sound) lauda, skaltavoca, forta

love amo, -i, (make love - amor-es), fall in love - semames, Vames i amo. Komames, 

Kaures i amo. Be in love - amestes, P: amENZ-es,  Mi amesta, I have fallen 

in love - Mi komamis. Mi amis algono. Amo bekona -desamo bedisa. Mi kreda ad amo - 

I belive in love. Rika ko amo - Rich with love. Amyosa.

lovely lavla, plesenda, bel-OD-a.

lovely: (worthy of being loved) lavla, am-eja; amebla, (very beautiful) bel-oda.

(EU- positive, cosy and pleasant ) Atlango-s le lango molte EUson(id)a. (EUfonia) 

   To-s eupronunsebla.

low basa, dolta

luck (chanse) hazardumi, cans-es, lak-es

luck (good luck) fortuno, buencanso, bunsuerto, lako (Prospe-) to be lucky - lakes

I luckily found this place! Mi lake trovis ta loko.(Mi trovablis ta loko.)

lucky felica,fortuna,laka,lakyosa

ludicrous pludika, komika, burleska

luggage bagero

lullaby - lulbaybo, lulbayb-es, lult-es - a quiet song to send a child to sleep.

lumbago - lumbaug(in)o

lump (clod) piece of no particular shape: lumpo, bulo (grana pexo) 

lunch lanco

lunette luneto

lung pulmo

lure sedus-es, vab-es

lustre brilo, poluro

luxury luksuso


machine mahino

mad (angry) furyosa , irg-od-a, P: despitoda

mad (crazy) fola, 

madam sioreno, madamelo, damelo, donyo (P: Madonyo) 

madhouse  foleyo, foldomo,

mafia mafio

magazine (media) gazeto, jornalo, revyuvo 

magazine ( a shop, store) magazino, storeyo

magnanimous meganima,generosa, parduneza

mail posto,  postado, postall, meylo, mesado

mail (v.) postes, meyles, send a message - mes-(es), e-meyles, P:elka-meyles 

P: mespedes (mes+spedes) brif-es

main  cefa

maintain (keep in the same state) (sustain)sube-tyena,-es,suport-es); (keep in the 

needs of life) vivotyenes; (assert) asert-es, afirm-es

maintenance   konservo; subetyeneso helpo; vivotyen-eso, nutr-eso

make (do) fend-es, fes, (become - sestes, sem+) Be- (transitivezzo)

make up  sminko, (put on make-up) smink-es

male  masklo, mano, tano (masklono)

malicious  malika, malvola

malleolus maleolo

maltreat mal-trakt-es

man (human) homino, homano

man (male adult) mano, ano, an-, tano - this man (hi) 

manage (administer) admin-es, mestr-es (mestr-um-es), manipol-es

manage  (to do something - to succeed in accomplishing) accomplish - prosperes, 

 ables - Mi ablis fendes to. Mi fendablis to. Mi ablis tom fendes.

manageable -adminebla, manipolebla

manager - menajoro, mestro, -estro, administo, adminestro

mane  krino  If the mane, tail, muzzle etc are brown then the horse is described as

 brown. Yal krino, teylo, muzelo etc(ttp) esta bruna doke le kavelo beskritata-s 

qezze bruna (P:qe (ki, a) brunam.)

mandrake mandragoro,alrauno.Li skrima te laude,ke,(ta)qono lim detreka,rape morta.

mangle  magles,pex-trek-es, vam-trekes ka (aste)pexoy -tear to pieces,lancer-es

mania manio, obsession - osento, osentio, osent-es ti, pe, da

manner maniero, modeo, modo

manoeuvre manovro, -es

mansion grandomo, domodo, manso

manufacture fabrik-es

manure dungo, eskremento

manuscript manuskripto, manuskritado, handoskrito

many molta,many people come to this bar-Moltoy (molto di hominoy)vyena ka ta baro.

map (n.) mapo

March marco

march marx-es, -o

mark (token or stamp) P:tokno, stamplo, merko, postomerko, glumerko

market marqeto

marquis  marqiso

marquis  as awning - marqeso

marriage, wedding - meryado, meryezzo, matrimonio, nupto

married couple - ge-meryonoy, meryonoy, meryo-parelo, meryoduo)

marry: (by priest, etc.) be-mery-es, (algono ka algono); (get married) 

semmeryes ko algono (semspos-es); married person: mery-on-o, -ano, -

eno; spos-o; -ano, -eno. 

marsh - moraso

martial   milita (militarr)

marvel (wonder) mervilo  

mass (body of matter) maso

mass (large quantity) masio, moltero di

mass (people) popolo, publo, publoamazo, kraudo

mass (religion) misalo

massage masajo (dari masajo -masaj-es, bemasajes, masajares)

massive masiva, masia

mast masto

master mastro, granmastro - maestro

master (v) mestr-es algo, semmestr-es (self),regi,(dominate - domin-es)  bemestres 

algo, mestr-um-es - keep house - domestres

masterly  - maestre, maestrall -showing the skill of master, maestrado, arki-verko

mate   kumpo, kamrato

match: (horses, pictures, pairs of things) beparel-es ; (equal) egales,(set in opposition) estes baste (pli)forta ho grana po defentes, po konbatres, po rezistes, po P: konkurentes, po konkorses; (cf. oposes);(unite families by marriage) alianz-es; (to be similar, alike) simil-es, estes le soma.

match: (lucifer) alumeto (a lighter)flam-ijo,(a similar thing)similado; 

(competition) meco, mecpartido, konkurso; turneo, boxing: bokso-kombatro, -fayto.

matchbox: alumet-bukso, -UYo.

matchless: supertotya konparo, ne-konpar-ebla.

material materyalo -ADY-, bren-ADYo - fuel, bild-ADYo -building material 

materialize materyal-es,semmateryales, bemateryales, semefekt-es

matter (material) materyo, materyalo, (materio i kosmo)

matter (v.) import-es, grav-es

mature  matura,  adolta

maximum makso,

maximal makse (le plu) maksa, 

maximalize bemaks-es

May mayo

may (adv.) eble

may (v.) darf-es,  May I...?  - Qes mi darfa…? Qes mi pueda...?

may (May you be happy) Ke solme tu-s felica, may it be!  Ke solme! (in Spanish: 

ojalá!) Oha-la! Mu esperes, Ke solme mu-x espero.

maybe  eble, ESTABE, somble

maze labirento, meyzo

meadow  prado, herbeyo

meal  repasto, yelo, dixo, yelado,

mean (signify) signes (make a sign), senses, falez-es, to faleza ke...

meandre meandro, meandr-es

meaning -senzzo, signuro, P: falezo  It means - To faleza, to signa

means (resource) moyo, -medyo, remedyo, materyalo 

meanwhile somem, intertempe, somtempe,i soma tempo, po tyem

measure menzur-es, mer-es, QER…-es (to have measure): Qer to longera? To longERa 2 


measure menzuro, mero, merijo, -ometro, prumijo, (qal-ijo, merijo) mer-es, qal-es, 

  Qal-meres algo, aumenzes (kanmeres, danmeres)

meat  karno, (meat or flesh used for food - vyango, vyangado, karnado

media komunikadoroy, medioy, sozziala medioy

mediate medyat-es

medicine (for illness) medikado, medisinado, drogo

medicine (science)  medisino, medikizmo, (profession) medisinisto,  medikisto, 

kuristo, doktoro (medikaryono)

meet     enkont-es,  tref-es, vyuv-es 

meet (come together) konvyen-es kontrefes, trefUKTes

meeting  trefo, konvyeno, mitingo

melancholy  melankolio

melody  melodio

melt  meltes, solutes, dis(e)solutes

member - ono, - ano, eno. Sozziono, tim-ono, erono, grupano, grup-un-o

memory membo, memno, mindablo

memories - suvyenir(ad)oy, memnoy, memb(ad)oy, membero

menace huto, -es, menacing: hut-anta, bepaura, betemora, temoryosa

mend reper-es (tr.), -o

mention - menkes   ( don´t mentioned it! - ne dankeje! ne menkeje!) Also: Ne 

dankebe, Ne menkebe! Lo ne-s trebo (po) dankes (menkes), Se ne dankeba po to.

menu  menuo, yelo-karto, 

mercy  merso, favoro

merge mergi (tr.)

merit merito, -es

merry alegra (to be merry) -es, jola -es

mess (disorder) desordo, pelo-melo, bauago, BAU-

message  mes(aj)o, P: meso, mes, informo, spedado, noto, P: novo - nuvado

metal metalo   metal-sheet - metalfolyo, bleho

meter (measure) metro

method metodo

metre (measure; poetic) metro

mew - myau-es, gat-ek(lank)-es

middle meza, -o, in the middle = centrey, mezey, meze di

mien  myeno (grimace - grimaso)

mild milda

mile milo, miloyo (distanso)

milieu  ambyento, milyero, (social setting -sosyaloko, sosyala plaso)

milk  lakto

million milyongo

mind (to attend to) atentes; gardes; anges; (obey) obides (algono) (nurse) anges,

 konzzernes; never m.: ne importe. (never mind! - To-s ne grava! Ne importa!) 

 Do you mind if...? - Qes lo-s egale po tu (tun), ya…? Qes tu-s kontra,ya… Qes tu 

despyasu ya…

mind (understanding) mindo, mentalo, intelekto, inteligent-ezzo; (intention)  intento; P: rezolvo; decimo, (inclination) inklino; gusto; deziro; dezo, volunto; (memory) membo; (opinion) opino, ideo; judiko; syentimento; minde (mentale) sana; to call to m.: (ren-)memb-es ,bemembes(algono ka algono); I will bear that in m.: mi membo to; presence of m.: spirito-pront-ezzo; make up one’s m.: dezzes, rezignes (mo); to my m.: pe ma opino, judiko;  m. doctor: mindo-medikisto; high-m.ed: gran-anima.

mine miniro, minir-es  (gold mine - minireyo di guldo)

mine (explosive) esplodmino, esplodmineyo, esplodminkampo

minimum minio

minimal minia,(miniall) minie, (le pla) 

mint mentelo

minus minuso, minuse

minute (of time or angle) minuto

miracle miraklo, mervilo, supernaturala fenomino

mirage mirajo, mirado, virado = visto

mirror  speglo 

mis- FEL-, applied to various parts of speech, meaning “ill,”“mistaken,”

 “wrong,”“wrongly,”“incorrectly,” or simply negating. FEL-, mal-,eror-

 ,EROR- (e.g., malaud-es, Felaud-es, - felunto, malunto,) 

miscellaneous  miksela, miksita

miscellany  difersadoy, mikseladoy, mikselero

misery: mizerio

miss, Miss (n.) Sioreneto  S-rto, Damelo (S-eneto) Santya Madonno

miss, to miss - manges, bristes, syentes bristo

missal misalo, misalbuko  

mist  -  niblo

mistake (error) felo, feles, eroro, eror-, -ERORO, FEL-

mister Siorano S-ano, Masiorano,Mrs -Sioreno S-eno, Miss -Sioreneto. 

Ladies and Gentlemen!  - Estimida Sioroy! Estimideja Sioroy! 

misunderstand malkunprines,  felkapes

mix (n.) mikso, -uro -adyo

mix (v.) miks-es, semmikses, intermikses

mixture mikso, -uro

mobile -mobebla, mobabla

mock, jeer at - mok-es, berid-es, cirkerides

modem  modemo

modern moderna

modest modesta, pudora (honteza)

modify bemod-es, modif-es

moment (of time) instanto, momento, poktemo, kortemo, tempexo, blinkemo. 

        Just a moment ago - Zze prem, Zze pres momento

Monday   Lundyem(o), Lundo

money   muno, muneto, geldo, P: pekuno, sistemato munetarr. Hi ne-s sinmuna 

plonge, he is no longer penniless. munet-o:(of gold, silver, copper) coin, cash, 

change, currency; muneto: a coin; munetpapero: paper money: bankobilyeto, 

banknoto) Mi ne-x ter muno kone. Mi ne-x tero di muno (geldo) kone. 

monk monasto, monasteyo - monastery

monster monstro

month monato

monkey simyo, P: apino

mood mudo, atmosfero, humoro

moon lunyo, lunyarr

moonlight lunyolumo,  lunyolukso, lunyolikto

more pli molte, no more - ne pli, enke ne 

more or less - pli-ple, pli-ho-ple

more (before an adjective) pli

more and more pli ti pli , P: in time - longeme, plongeme

moreover (besides) plus, pluse, cetere, ADVE-,adizze,(pli)sobre to 

morning fremo

mortar mortoro, pistuyo

most (before an adjective) (le) plu,le plumolte, makse

moth nokta mariposo - falino,(clothes-m.) tinoyo, motoyo, molo

mother matro, mamo

mather-in-law - Hal-matro, (Hal- kinship by second marriage)

motiv motivo

motor motoro

motto motto, formelo , slogo, devizo

mould mofo, P: mildino

mountain monto (monteto - kolino)

mournfull morna

mouse mauso

moustache mostajo, P: mostaxo

mouth (also fig.) buxo

mow P:falzzi, klipi

move mob-i (tr./intr.), -o, -OB-,

much molte, molter

mucus moklo, nozmoklo

mud fango,(slime) slaumo (dirt, mud shield - pare-fango)

muff mufo

multiplication multipliko, moltopledo

murder ocid-es, -o murdes, mortendes

murmur mermo, mermeso, mermAND-es

muscle musklo

mush brayo, pulpo

music muziko

muslim - musulmo, musulmeno, musulmano,

must (necessity) nezzeso, dabo, dab-es , -eb , oblo, (Also: I must go - Mi 

v(ant)aba) or: Mi nezzesa ves. (impersonal: it is necessary that) To nezzesa… or: 

Lo-s nezzesa ke...

mutation - muto, mut-es

muzzle  muzelayno, pare-mordo (to prevent biting or, metaphorically, speaking)

muzzle muzelo (visACo)

my ma, le … di mi

myth mito


nail (metal) klovo

nail (on finger) - unelo 

naive naiva

naked nakta

name (n.) numo, numado,  Mi sem numa… Ma numo-s…, Mi numaxa… 

name (have a name) sem numes. Mi sem numa…   give a name - num-es, or:  benum-es

namely nume

nap dormet-es, P: nap-es

nappy daypero, vindelo

narrative narata, kenta

narrow uska, desampla, desebreda

nation nasio

national nasia

nationality nasiezzo

nationalist nasi-al-ist-o, nasializma

nationalize benasi-al-es, bestates

nature naturo , natura legoy

nature (character)  karaktezzo

nauseate naus-es, nauso

navigate navig-es, 

near proxa

nearly preske, proxe 

necessary nezzesa, (passive obligation) Nezzese, -IND, ninde,(oble) Lo-s nezzesa tom fendes. or: Se nezzesa tom fendes.  It is necessary for you to come -Lo(-s) nezzesa ke tu vyenes.

neck kaulo,  nape of the neck - nuko

necklace kolyo, perlinero (collar - koulado)

necktie kravato

nectar nektaro, P: nekto, nekt-ar-es

need trebo, treb-es, -EB-,  max-ab-es, I need to know - Mi kun-ab-a ... 

needle nadlo, kodrijo

neglect neglek-es, nonxal-es, desatent-es

negligee negl-es, be-negl-es, be-nakn-es

neighbour - naubo, naubono,  naubes ka, ko...

neighboring nauba, nauball, proxeya

neighbourhood naubeyo, proxeyo (in neighbourhood - naube) 

neither ... nor -  ni … ni , neither I = ni mi

nephew nefyo,nefyano

nerve nervo

nervous nerv-ozya

nest nido, eunida, (euheyma) (cozy, cosy)

net - reto

the Net, internet - neto, interneto

neutral neutra, neutrall

never nem, neme, na-tempe

new nuva

news nuvoy,nuvadoy P: novoy

newspaper jornalo, gazeto, revyuvo (newspapers - prentio, gazetero, P: novuyo) 

next seqanta, seqa, vyenonta, v-onta

nice plesa, plesenda, ples+ARa, granplesa (person -karina)

niece nefyo, nefyeno

night nokto

nine nau

nipple cizzo, P:niplo

no (opposite of yes) ne, (nel)

noble nobila

nobody NONO, na-persono

noise bruso,P: kyaso, frakeso, (gossip - klaco, goso)

none (nobody) nono, na-persono,

nonsence nonsenzzo

noon meridyo, meridyemo, nuno, (prenuno, posnuno)

no-one ́s nia

nor ni...ni

norm normo

normal normala, normall

north nordyo, -ala - nordyall

nose nozo

nostril  nostrilo, nozotruvo

not ne

note not-es, -o, konstat-es

notebook notuyo, porte-noto, kayerno

nothing no, nado, na-kosado, nolo (zero)

notice (essay) notiso

notice (v.) (re)mark-es, not-es (also for oneself)

noun subestansivo

novel nuvelo, romanzo (short story - nuveleto, kento, (romanso = romance)

now - tyem, just now - yustem, zzem - in the same moment

nowadays - P: jornem P: dyempe, tyeme

nowhere na-lok(ey)e, ney

noose nuzo (sufokijo)

nuanse nuanzo

nude nakna

number (for identification) numbro, numbrado (e.g., numbro di domo, di klefo)

number (quantity) numbro, numbrezzo

nurse nurso, nurseno, nursano, nurs-es  


o'clock - kloko, horo

obey    obid-es   He understood it was just to obey, without any discussion -Hi 

kapi,ke hi simple obidaba si diskaso.

oblige obles(obliges)I feel myself obliged to help him- Mi syensa oblita helpes

oblique oblikfa

oblivion  olvo, olv-atio, olvemo, desmembo, desmemoro

object to (v.) obyeks-es, semkontres

object (n.) obyekto

objection obyekso, semkontreso

obscene  oskina, vulgaca, despudora

observe oserv-es, atent-es

observatorium oservATERYo

obsess osent-es "She is obsessing over her weight"-Li osenta ti (sobre) sa vekto.

obsession fiksideo, osento, -io, manio  You are my obsession - Tu-s ma osentado

obstacle staklo, staklado

obstinate ostines (perseves)

obtain (attain)(to get with some efforts) bemax-es ka se (sen),fiks-es ka se

obturate (seal)otures (photo) oturijo (shutter)

obtuse otusa, desabla, nekapeza, stupideta, stulteta

obvious evidenta 

occasion  evento, voltemo,  (okazo - very special event - spesyalevento)

occasionall  volta,  konf-eventa

occasionally konf(e)-eventa, da tempo ka tempo, vol-volte

occupy biza pri, pe, aferes (semaferes) pe, pri, (preoccupy - preoqens) 

 estes asorbita pe

occupation okupo,landokupatio (okupes lando)

occupation (military control) - okup(and)o, okupatio, militkontrolo, violokupo

occupation (one´s regular activity) bizo, trabo, semafereso, profeso, P: aryumo, 


occur okur-es, eventes, esteventes - turn to be

ocean oceano

October oktobro

ocular - okl-atoro, virijo, oklijo

odd (strange) cuda, bizara, qira

ode odeo

odour (neutr) flavoro, (good) aromo, (bad) fetoro, desaromo

of  (marking possession) di; (origin, derivation, starting point, quantity, dimension, size) de, da; (indicating material made of) de; (“out of”) de; (concerning)ye, sobre; (agent, authorship) per; of late: recente, de korta tempo; of course: KAPE, kapeble; it is very good of you: P: tu-s molte afabila; off: (away) far, fare; distanta (de); (from) da (broken off) rompita; P: par-ita; P: seper-ita;  five kilometers (metres) off: dista (P:ti) a 5 km.; off and on: de tempo ka tempo; take off the hat: dan-prines le  P: capelo; off with him: Far ko hi! I am off: mi va; hats off: P: dol(es)(en) capeloy! to be off color (colour): maxes ne-korekta koloro, maxINGes; ten meters (metres) off from me: P: a desto metroy da mi; he ran off: hi far-korsis; a great way off from here: far da tey;  the gun went off: le fusilo pafis; hands off: dol(en) handoy, manuoy! off with you: Tu semfares! Far ko tu! the vessel is off the harbor (harbour): le navyo esta prey ho proxey le purto; off the hinges: seper-ita dal (P: gonzoy).

of (concerning) pri (temates pri…)

of (out of, made of) de, (Ta krugo fendita-s de metalo)

of (possession or association) di, qia? -ia 

of course! - KAPE! Kapeble! Kapite! Evidente! Kunprineble! Klare! 

off (from) de (den-) da (dan-)

off! (Let`s go!) vames! (vam!) (colloq. vam-es) Vam kal laboro! = Vam labores!

offence ofenso

offer (sacrifice) ofr-es, ofr(ad)o, ofruro, ofr-ono, batr-itono, brand-itono

offer ofert-es

office ofizzo,(business place: ofizzeyo) kontoreyo,byuro (byureyo)

office (function, duty) funso, funsino, postino

officer (milit. commanding) (milit-)ofizzaryono, P:ofizzano

officer funsaryono, kontoristo, ofizz-ist-o, byuristo

official (adj.) ofizzyala, ofizzyall

official (n.) ofizzy(al)ono

offspring (descendent) enfo, deskendinto, -YUN gat-YUNo (a kitten); royINIDo (a 

prince,from 'king' also: royenfo); arbyuno (a sapling, from 'tree'); izraelinido 

(an Israelite); yun-ero (a clan, tribe)

often freqe (sometimes or frequently) Hi freqe vi, Hi v-ANDi, freq-es

(to make something often) plu freqe - most often

ogre ogro

oil olyo

ointment ungvento

old (not new) antika, olda

old (not young) olda, antika

omit omit-es, qit-es, P: skipes (transesautes)  

on  su, (sur- as a prefix)

on account of   pro, su konto di...

on top  (on) su topo, sobre, sobren

on (at the time of)  al  tempo di, autempe di, ...em

on (concerning) pe

on (upon)sobre, sobre da,(high up,high above skalta-skale(skaltaskalono-high-up)

once (one time) unvolte, once for all: volte po cem, once again - renvolte

once upon a time -I alga tempo = Algem(e), voltem,algatempe, algavolte

one (1) un, uno

one (pronoun) se , li, (un, algono)

onion cebo

only (adj.) solma, unesolma, unika

only (prep.) solme

onto - ka su, suren

oops! - vups(e)! (to express mild apology, surprise, or dismay)

opaque opaka (des-vervirebla) nevervira, 

open (tr.) abres (under the open sky, in the open -abraskyele)

opero opero, building: opereyo

operetta opreto (operetto)

operate (also medical and military) operat-es 

1.The bus is designed to operate in all weather conditions. Le buso desinitas po 

operates dau ca metea (klima) kondoy. 

2.Doctors had to operate him. Doktoroy dabi operates hi. (operatabes) 

3.The laws of evolution operating on each species. Le legoy di evolvo operata ca 

spesioy. (To have an effect on something. Influentes algo.)

opinion opino, takso. In my opinion -I Ma Opino (IMO)

opportune oportuna,(adekfata, konvyena) P: komoda

oppose opond-es, kontr-es, kontrestanses, kontrestares, kontremeres, 

opposite kontre, oponde

opposition - opondo,opondantero, opond-aryo P:?(kontrapostino)

opt opt-es, elektes

optimism optimizmo

or - ho, (hod)

orchard horto, fruktarbero, fruktarbeyo

orchestra orkesto

order ordo, ordesmo, beord-es

order (command) imper-es, -o , komandres ,orduno, ordunes, (commander -komandranto)

order (decoration) medalo

order (goods etc) order-es

ordinary -ordina, ordinala, norma, normala

ordination ordino, P: ordesmo 

organ - orgo, organelo

organ -(musical instr.) orgelo

organic organika

organise organiz-es 

organization organIZo, -ARYATo. (Members of an organisation - 

organiz-on-ero) limb of the Law -organizo dil Lego - Legizo

orgillous orgila, orgilo, orgiles pri...   

orgy orgyo

origin origino

originate - origes, (descent) danvyen-es (provyenes)

ornament - ornamento, ornamado, P:ornamentiko

orphan orfo

oscillate oskiles

oesophagus esofago

other - otra

other people aliay, otronoy

otherwise otre, otra-mode

ought obl-es, dab-es (e.g. tampe mu stud-aba, stud-obla)

out of (in time) de, eksa, eksem-,eksemo - time to go out, (in place,amount) estra,

 estey, ester+, utem

outline (v) skiz-es

outside  estey, ute, utey, abrey, esterporde,uteporde,(go outside - esten-v-es, 


oven forno

over (above) supe, super, super-es

over (across) trans - transe, krose, P: tuere

over (finished) finita, fino! 

overcoat surtuto

owe dab-es, skuld-es

owl strigo

own (adj.) propia, sia, sela, sa, 

own (possess) propi-al-es , pox-es

owner poxanto

ox - bofo, bofano  (bull - tauro)


pace (step) vado -es

packet pako, paketo

pagan pogano -a

page (of a book, etc) pagino,(pagyo) homepage - heympagino

page (historical) pajo

pain augino,augo, sufro, angusto - Aug!

paint (coat with paint, etc) farb-es, kolor-um-es

paint (n.) farbo, kolor-if-o

paint (pictures) pint-es

pair  parelo, duoplo, duo

palace palaso

pale (adj.) palida

palm (hand) polmo

palm tree  palmo

palpable palpebla, tuktebla

palsy - paralisita, palsita, palsa

pan padelo

panic paniko

pants pantalongo , pantalo, bruko

paper papero (piece of paper - karto)

parachute pare-xuto

parasol ambrelo, pare-solo (kontre pyuvo - pare-pyuvo)

parade paradvo, paradv-es

paradise paradiso

paradox paradokso

paralysis paraliso, palso

parcel (package) pako

parchment pergamino

pardon skus-es, pardunpid-es. Mi pardunpida! Skus! Skus min! Oh,parduno!

parent genitoro,genitaryonoy, parento, mother and father - (GE-)parentoy, 

parentage davyeno, gento

parenthesis(e) - parenteso, parentes(es), klampo,  (interklampe)

park (n.) parko

park (v) (auto)park-es

parking  parkeyo, parkingo

parliamento parliamento

parody parodyo, parody-al-es

parry (to repulse) PARE-es,(PARE-,paresolo, parepyuvo) be-haltes

part (not all) parto, parteyo, partado, mondoparto (≈ kontinento), landoparto 

parto di qorpo, qorporo,(qorporexo) qorparto, qorpexo

participate - partini, partoprini

particle partikulo (-IKULo )

particular (specific) spesifika, partikula (partikul-moda, partikularr),aparta, 


partner partaryo, in friendship, (more intimate) - amyono

partnership partaryezzo

party (politic) partido, partio -(also a group)

party partoyo, fyesto

pass (through, over; life, time) (tr., intr.) pas-es; (p. by) bay-pases, bay-vantes; (cause to p., a boat, a person, etc.) bepas-es, baypas-es (cf. aprobes); (give judgement)  anonses judikado; (surpass) super-vantes, -estes; (in speaking of gas, liquids, etc.) verpases (verpenetres); (p. away; die) farpases,apag-es, mortes; (cease) PAR(end)-es; p. for captain’s rank: promos-es (qezze) kepitano (P:kaptano); p.in judgement: vyenes ka tribunalo, estes judikita;p.across a river: transevantes rivero; p. one’s life: pases sa vivo; p. on one’s road: seqes sa voyo; Qo pasa? 

pass (entrance) paseyo, entreyo ;(permission) pas-purmeso, pasporto

passenger pasono, pasaryo, pasanto, viahanto, viaharyo, vehanto

passion pasyo, amozo (am-OD-o) = granamo

password pasavorto

past pas-em-o, pasintemo (yesterday - timpo)

pasturage: (food) nutr-if-o (act) pastur-es.

pasture: (tr., intr.) pastur-es,(place) - pastureyo. Pasturisto, pasturaryono

patch (n) paco, to patch - pacendes, patchwork - pacado, pacoverko

paternal patrala

path voyeto P:vueto

patience patyenzzo

patient (adj.) patyenzza

patient (n.) kurato, patyento, inprinato

patronize patron-es

pattern desegno, modelo, formazo, formado

pause paus-es, -o

pave paving stone - pavo

pavement pavero, paveyo

pavilion pavilyongo

paw pyedo

pawn (at chess) peono

pay pag-es (solvent -pagabla) Mi pagos tun ya mi poxo pli molter monyo

pea pizo

peace pazo

peacock paufoglo

pear (= fruit of the pear tree -le puararbo) - puaro

pearl perlo

peg pego, stifto - (small pin of wood or metal used for fastening.)

pen plumo

pencil krayo, skritijo

peninsula pinislo, kabo, hal-islo

penis peniso, penyo (vulg.- fakijo, P: (e)skfazzo)

people (a people) popolo, poblo, publiko, (poblia, popolarr)

people (persons) personoy

pepper pepro, pimento

perfect perfekta, beperfekt-es

perform performes fendes)

performance performo, performeso, performado

perhaps eble, estede

period peryodo, dauremo

perish apag-es, farper-es

permanent permanenta, konstanta, solida, daurebla, daurabla.

permit (allow) purmes, purmeso, purmesado P: purmes-UMENTo, Pur! Pur-prezentes… 

Also: Dar ka mi(min) tom fendes. P: Fendares to ka mi (min).= Purfendes to min.

permission purmeso, purmesado, (konceso, licenzzo)

persecute persekt-es

persevere - persevres (pursue steadfastly: continue on a given course, 

esp.in the face of discouragement,obstacles)Persevres i alga entreprino.(daurabla)

(hold firm), perseve ti penge, Zor-) se perseves i situo (situenzo).  

plonge-daures pri sa opino. plongestares mo sa opino. (ausaopine)

persistence persevrezzo

person: person-o; -al: -ala, -all; -ality: -ezzo; -ification: person-endo, 

-in-korpor-endo;  -ify: person-endes; -nel: person-ero.

persuade persfad-es

perturbation pertrubo, trubo, -TRUBO

petal petalo

petition petido

pet-name karesnumo

phantasm fantoNo, fantasmo 

phantom fantoNo, (ghost) spuko

phase fazo

pheasant (ornit.) fazango

phone telefono, (tele)fonijo, smartphone - kompufono, kompijo,

photograph fotograf-es, fot-es, foto, fotado

physician medikisto, medikaryo

piano fortepiano, piano, pianino

picture imajo, pikto, pikturo, piktado

pidgin pijino

piece pexo, -EX- (pex-ikul-o)

pierce pirses,verpirses, perfor-es

pietism pious sentiment - pietizmo, pieta

pig porko

pigeon kolombo, pijo

pile (heap) hupilo, kumolo

pillow kuxino

pillowcase kuxinuyo

pimple pimplo (pustolo)

pin pinglo (pego, stifto)

pinch (nip) pinc-es

pioneer pioniro

pious - devoutly religious - pyusa 

pipe (tube) tubo

pirate pirato

piss - pis-es, pisil-es, urin-es 

pistol pistolo

pit (hole in ground) foso

pitoresque -pintureska, pintinda

pity konpat-es,-o,pyet-es.That is pity! Pyete! Skade! Malsuerto! Deslake!Konpateje! 

pizza pizzo

place loko, plaseyo, lokeyo, qeyo

place (put) plases, lokendes, pondes

place (public) plazo

placid placida "a placid neighborhood." placida naubeyo. This horse has a placid 

nature. Ta kavelo maxa placida naturo.

plague plago

plait, to plait - plektes, konplektes, plait - treco, keplotreco, plektado

plan (of action) proyekto, plano, programo

plan (v.) proyekt-es, (be)plan-es 

planchette planxo

plane (flat surface) surfaso, flato, flatado

planet planeto 

plank planko, taulo (board) (floor of a room - parkyeto)

plant (botanical) planto

plant (set to grow) beplantes 

plasma  plazmo

plate (dish) dixo

play (amusement) plaud-es, semplaud-es

play pludo, -UDo (game -gemo - udo), sporto, -UD

play (theatre) pyeso, teatrado

play a role -rol-es, aktor -es) pludes rolo

plead plid-es Molta fatoy plida po Atlango.

please pides, plis-es, Plis! Po favoro, Porfavore, Buenvolunte, (as you please - 

konfel gusto Tua, pleso (pyaso) Qe to tum gusta.(Ki tu tom gusta) (P: Konfe le 

favoro tua) pleasure pleso  This is my friend. Pleased to meet you, John. To-s ma 

amiko. Lo-s plese tum kunes,Yohano. 

Pleiades Pleyadoy

plod peze fendi,  lamOBes (hobl-es), (zor-ves, zorfes,)(with perseverance)

perseves;(through work) fendes algo ko pengo ti persevezzo (trudge) marxes penge ho 

perseve; (hobble) klodik-ante, hobl-ante."Work on something boring or monotonous.”-

Laboro ko (sobre, pe) algo bebura ho monotonall.

plot ploto, konploto, intrigo

plough plog-es

ploy ruzado, triko

pluck (fruits, flowers, etc) - ploktes. Harvestes, Take hold of and remove (a 

flower, fruit, or vegetable) from where it is growing.

plug plugo,tampongo, plug-ijo, jako, plug-es, 

plus pluso, pluse (in addition)

plush pluxo

pocket pokso

poem poemo, poemado

poet poeto, poeziaryono, poezisto

poetics poetiko, teorio di poezio

poetry - poezio, poezia, poeziala, -all, poeziado, poezi-kosado, poemo, poemado

point (dot, etc) punto , puento

point (v.)indik-es, beatent-es, punt-es, bepuent-es. It should be pointed out, 

that…   - Lo estu punteba ke… Indikebe ke… Puntebe ke… 

poison (n.)tokso,  be-toks-es

pole (of wood, etc) stango

polecat  putoro (skunko)

policeman polis-isto -ano - ono

police poliso

polite - jentila, kortesa

pollen polino

pollinate polin-es, be-polin-es,

ponder pyens(es),(dispyens) mediti pe,bepyens.Ne skrites qalge(qalgamode,baumode) 

men kere ti pyense. 

pool simbuyo, simbeyo, pixino

poor (needy) povra, desrika

poor (not good) ne-buna, mala

poor (pitiable) konpateja

popular popola, popolarr, poblarr

port (sea or air) purto

porcelain porcelino

position (place) loko, lokeyo, plaso, sito, situo, postino 

position (of body) pozo

positive positiva

possess pox-es,max-es,(a short form in present tense:-x -ia (Di qa? Di qi? Di qono? 

Qia? -whose?, whose- qia (relative), Cia,Nia,Algia,Qalgia)

possible puedebla ebla, esteda. Maybe - ESTEDE

post (postal service), posto, postalo, posteyo, postes - to send by post

post (position, station) postino, ofizzo

posterity posonaryo, onitaryo, P: inidoy

postage (stamp) stamplo, postajo

postcard postokarto

pot uyo, potuyo, krugo -UY-

potato potato

pour (pour out) flus-es (solids)- xut-es

pout paut-es, (mal)grimes  

powder (dust) pulvo

power pauero, puedo, forto (puedezzo, fort-ezzo, pauer-ezzo, autoritato); (math.med.) potenzzo; this is not in my p.: To-s ne po ma puedo, forso; to the utmost of our p.: te molte qe mu pueda; the p. of water: forto dil aqo; the great powers: le grana fortoy.

powerful fortyosa, potenta, puedyosa

powerless sinforta, ne-potenta; desforta,impotenta; suaga.

practice prakto, praktiko

practice prakt(ik)-es

praise laus-es, eulog-es, glor-es, -o, skalt-aprases. (to praise god- Laus le Dio! 

Glor´kal Dio!)

pray (communicate with God) (v) pregv-es

prayer pregvo Our thoughts and prayers are with you at this difficult time. 

Mua pyensoy ti pregvoy esta ko Tu i ta zoremo. (desfasilemo)

preach profet-es, predik-es (prophet -P: profeto, profetaryono)

precise  preksa,(nepreksa - despreksa ) fendes algo prekse , Preks!

precious apras-od-a, valejyosa, graneja, kar-od-a, aprasEJa

prefer pref-es, plidezes, (algo, algono) qe, da (algo, algono)

pregnant gravida  Pregnant with son - Gravida a filo.

prejudice prejudizzo (ne: prejudiko) He has a prejudice against foreigners.

Hi-x prejudizzo kontre otralandonoy.

premise premiso, P: preprino, P: antemprino (hipoteso)

preoccupy preoqes pri, asorbes,  semabsorbes, plukeoqes 

prepare prepar-es, prep-es, beprontes

presence  (aspekto) prezenso (personality) person-al-ezzo

presence (being present) (asistes) P: auestes,in presence of -(P:aueste di) 

 make a sign of presence - fendi signo di auesto hod asisto.

present (time) - tyemo, tampo.

present   to be present - P: au-est-es 

present (gift) gifto, (v.) gift-es, bedaro

present (v.) prezent-es, semprezentes, figur-es, reprezent-es 

presentation prezenteso, prezentado, prezenturo

press (apply pressure) prent-es , konprent-es, klem-es, disprent-es  

press -(newspapers) prentio -i , gazetero

prestige - prestigo

pretend (make it seem, feign. fing-es, somblendes, simol-es. 

pretension pretenzzo

prevail super-es, reg-es

prevent  prevent-es

previous prea, antema, presekfa, preva (prevanta)

previous: preva (time) (space) pre-vanta, preseqa, the p. question: le preva frago.

prevision previro

prey prigo, plundrado, trofeo, plundrablado, keptado, keptablo

price - prazo, qer to praza? How much it costs?

price (award) premyo, avordo

prick (v) pig-es ( to make (a small hole) in (something) or wound)

pride(self-respect) praudo, praudes pri…, praudes da...

primitive - primitiva, primerema

prince prinzzo (roy-INID-ano) prinzzano

princess prinzzeso (roy-INID-eno) prinzzeno

principle (a rule) prinsipo

print druko drukes, drukado, Le buko drukita-s pe drukadoro.

prison -(jail)  karzeyo

take to prison- inkarzes, karzz-es, karzenspedes

prisoner - karzono

private (adj.) privata

probable probebla, vyersombla, P: vyereske

probably vyersomble, probeble, eble  P: use

problem problemato, P: probo,  -TRUBO, zorado, ZOR-

to have a problem - sem trubes pri, (Mi-x trubo ko...)

percentage percentajo, percento (procento)

pro  po, por-, -favora

process - proceso, prozzo, prozz-es,

procrastinate prokrast-es Prokrastes nado aste tompe, qom tu fendeda tampe

prodigal prodiga

produce produkt-es

profane profanono, beprofan-es

profession (occupational) profeso, faho, P:trabo

profile profilo

profit (n.) profido

progress progres, -o

prohibit forb-es, ne purmes, despurmes, (interdict - preforb-es, prohibid-es)

project (plan) proyekto, plano. Proyektes, plan-es,

project (film) projektes (filma projektORO)

promenade - promento, promenteyo, (proment-es)

promise promes 

promote promot-es, lans-es

prompt (adj.) rap(id)a

prompt (v.) (urge, impel) P:instignes, impulses, (refresh one ́s memory) sufles,

prone (incline) proka, PRO-

pronounce (words) pronunses; (sounds) artikules

proof (n.)  evidento, pruvo

proof (v.) evident-es, pruv-es

proof (adj.) imuna, rez(istent)a, reza

proportion proporso

proposal propondo

propose propond-es

prospect prospekto (vision) Prospect of doing something - Prospekto di fendes algo 

(Prospekto po fendes algo) 

prosper (intr.) prosper-es; -ous: -a,-anta, -ity: -(and)o.

protect protekt-es

proud prauda (praud-es)

prove pruves  Esp:  Pruves estento ho desestento di Dio. 

provide (something, someone with something) provides (algo/algono pe algo)


provisional (so far) provisora, astema. My life so far - Ma astema vivo. 

prudent prudenta

psyché  psixeo, spegloskafo

public publika (opp. to private) - o: the public, the people 

publish (a book) edizz-es, publikendes

publishing house edizzeryo, edizzeyo, publikendeyo 

puddle carko

pull - trekes

pull out - dentrekes, dantrekes

pull (a line) distrek-es, tenges

pulse - polso, -es

pump pumpo, -es, pumpijo, pumpilyo

punctually puntem,(akuratem, preksem)to be on time - Vyen preksem. P:tempables, 


punish pun-es

pupil lernanto, disiplo

pupil pupilo (in the eye)

pure purga

purple - purpura

purpose aim, eymo, intento, -eym, qeymo,Qende? Qom tu va fendes? - What are 

you going to do?) Qom tu va fales? What are you going to tell?

push pust-es, -o - PUST! slide, push along a surface - xovl-es. Stick one ́s tongue 

- denxovles (denpustes)lingo

put pondes, plases, lokendes, (Pon! Plas!)

puzzle (riddle or problem) puzlo, enigmo, problemato 

pyjama(s) pijomo

pyre (a pile of combustible material for burning a dead body) - rogo


quality qalito, qalezzo, qezzo

qualm qalmo, P: skrupolo

quantity qantero, qero

quarrel disput-es , arg-es

quarter qarparto,qar-ul-o,qartezzo, (part of city) - qarteyo, quarter of hour 

P:-qardanzo  P: qartem(o) 

Qeen - Royeno , Monarkeno

qeer - qira, qiryosa

quest - busko, qestumo, qestum-es. The quest for The Holy Grail. Le qestumo pol 

 Santya Gralo

question frago, qesumo, qesum-es , P: qesado

queue (line of people)  qeo, seqilo, serio

quick - rap, rapa, momentala, instanta, blinkema, bliksa, tuya

quiet pyana-e, kalma,

quit - qit-es,  farles-es, qit! Des!  Par! PAR- 

quite - (pretty) baste, bastante, totye. not quite - ne totye (P:ni-) 


rabbit kuniklo (But: hare - leporo)

race -reyso, korso, vetokorseso (competition)

race (breed) raso

racism rasizmo

radiation rayeso, rayezzo, rayum-es, berayum-es

radiator rayadORO

radio (beam) rayo

radio radyo, radyoaparato (radyofonio) 

rail relso

railroad tie  (slipper (railw.) fernovoya xpalo

railway fernovoyo, fernovueyo (route - vueyo)

rain pyuvo. Le pyuvo kaura (Lo pyuva, se pyuva) - It´s raining

rainbow skyelarko

raincoat pyuvumo, pyuvmantelo

raindrop pyuvikulo

raise (lift) (sen) lev-es, (belev-es) lift-es algo

raisin rosino

ranch ranco

rancour rankoro, heyto, maldezo,rankor-es -syentes rankoro. Rancour is a bitter and 

long lasting hatred. Rankoro esta bitra ti longedaura (daureza ho longema) heyto. 

range (paf-, flug-,) distanso,(asteyo)

range (side by side) ranko, seryo, linyo, cengo (monto-cengo)

rank rango (status) statuso, grado, praymaranga (first-class)

rapid rapida,(rapa) molte rapida - rapa, Rap! 

rapport  raporto, -es, raportado

rare rara, desofta

rascal frip-on-o

rat ratelo

ratio ratyo,razzyo, proporso, rilat-al-o

rational (math. philos) ratya,razzya razzyonala

rationalize berazzy-es, razzyonal-es

rather - prefe, somble, (use - probably)

rather not - , prefe ne, probeble ne, supondite ne. Rather if - Prefe ya

rattle stertor-es (in the throat)

raucous rauka

raw (untreated) raua,(P: RAU-)in its natural condition, or brutal or unfair. 

A raw wind - Rauvyento, raw deal - raua afero (rauafero), rauvorte

ray (beam) rayo

razor rasfijo  sem rasf-es

razzia to make a razzia (to raid) - razlo, -es

reach ast-es,  P:abling-es, kanv-es, (by hand -prin-ob-es, teng-es hando) 

 (outreach - astemero, astevyeno,)

react renag-es, dan-akt-es, P: renaktes

read lekt-es

ready pronta, preparita,

real reala

realize kapes, konstates, 

realize realendes

realm regno

reason (motive) motivo, kauso, boke, tel ke, da

reason (common sense) (Polish:rozsądek, rozum) P: resuno, resuneso, resunezzo 

reason ratyo, ratyonalo, prudento (age of reason- (hist.) - ratyonala epoko, 

       ratyemo, prudentepoko, (ratyonalizma epoko)

reason of state - statratyo, statintereso

reasonable   prudenta, P: pruda, ratyonebla, P: resuna

reasonableness  ratyonalezzo, prudento, sajezzo, inteligentezzo

reasoning   razongeso, razong-eza, ratyonal-eza

reasoning  disputo, argumenteso, P: alterazongeso

rebel rebeldo, revolto

rebuke skoldes

receive resib-es,-IB- ,rezzeptes, receive communion -rezzeptes santya komunio.

recent recenta, pasinta, pasema

recently recente, laste, lastem (in le lastemo)

reception rezzepteso (resibo) the reception is not very good on Channel 4 

(Le)rezzepto, resibo, maxprino) ne-s molte bun sul Kanalo 4 (Qaresma)

receptive acepteza, aceptabla

recipe resipo,recepto

reciproke (v.) repruc-es, ALTE- Conoy sem alt(e)kapa. Conoy sem repruce kapa.

reciprocally - repructe,  ambe, amball, Hoping for a reciprocal favor  

Po esperes repruca favoro. Po esperes altefavoro. Love each other - altames

recommend (commend) renkomandr-es

recognize renkun-es, kogn-es,

record  rigistro, rigistrado, rikordo, P:rigo (audio - video)

record (sport) - rekordo

red - ruja

reduce redukt-es

redundant balasta, P:rendunda

reel (spool) bobino, to reel - bobines

refer to (v.) refertes ka (referto, alusyo) renspedes ka...

reflect bepyens, riflekt-es, konsidernes

reflect spegles, renflektes, renflektoy su aqo

reflex reflekso, maxes rapa reflekso

refuse (v.) refus-es

regain - renprines, rengvanes

regime - rejimo

region regyo

register (n.) registro

regret gret-es, sorin-es, lamentes pro Greteje! We regret to inform you that… - 

Mu sorine informa tu, ke…

relate to rilat-es,  rilate ka, ri, ril (ri le… ri to… )

relation rilato

relax relaks-es  He worked in the morning and relaxed the rest of the day. 

  Hi laboris freme ti relaksi restem dil dyemo. 

rely on - dependes da, trast-es, apog-es su

relict - reliko, restado  

religion religio

remain rest-es, plongerestes, plongest-es - stay longer 

remain  (tr.) (as remainder after) - (posrest-es, ) rest-es

remainder resto,  restexo, restikulo, 

remaining cetera, cetere (otraflanke) Co restanta: fendes tua afero, Dio zorgos 


remark not-es, mark-es, markado, notado

remarkable markEJa, notEJa

remember memb-es

remind renmindes Remind me about it. Renmembes (renmindes) to ka mi.

remote control - fara stero (far-sterijo) telester(ij)o

rent (from someone) rentes, prunteprines  

repair renmuntes, -o, -uro, repar-es

repeat (an action) renpi, REN! Enke volte!

repeat (say again the same) renpit-es, rendikes, repeat a question - 

  renqes, renpites frago, qesumo. Mi yu renpitis (rendikis) to k´tu centavolte! 

repent sorin-es

repetition renpo, renpito , repetido

replace renplas(end)-es, otreplas-es, verplas-es, otrekambes

replace (take the place of) renplases

reply replik-es, reples, P:sfares, respundes, danvort-es

reporter raportisto

repose (rest) riposes,

reproach skold-es, 

request  postules, P: ask-es

research renxerko, renxerk-es

resemble simil-es (ka)

reside resid-es, stans-es

resign (give up tenure) demis-es (de) rezignes

resin resino

resist resist-es, dentyenes,(resistanses) semkontr-es, fortika, robusta,

(aqo-resitansa - kontreaqa - waterproof)

resonate  ren-sonanzz-es, rensonides, vibres

resource (a source of supply, support or aid) resurso, P: refonto

respect respekt-es, -o

response - respondo

responsibility respondezzo

responsible be, for - (be-)respondezza,respondabla

rest (remain) rest-es, plongest-es 

rest (remainder)  resto, restado (konreste)

rest (repose) - riposes, Mi ne riposo ante qe(m) (antem, astem) mi fullernos 

Atlango. Riposes poktem nelaborante, fende nado po renfrexendes sa fortoy. 

restaurant restorango, restoreryo

restrain (hold back) repres, haltendes, rentyen-es, dentyen-es

result rezult-es, -o, -ado

retain rentyen-es, plongetyen-es, konserv-es

retreat retr-es

return (come back) REN-, renves, renvyenes, retrenvyen-es, renturnes,  

return (give back) berenturnes, ren-dar-es

return (turn back) renturnes, ren (back) semturnes

reveal revil-es, deskoncel-es

revel (from reverly) birb-es (live loosely) deboc-es

revelation revilo, revilado, Revilo!

revenge renvenco, venco

reverse renvert-es (to turn)

revolution revoluto

revolution (mechanical, geometry) - revolut-o, revolv-es

rhyme rimo (berhyme - berimes, berimendes) Qo rima ko ”rika”?

ribbon cinta (rubendo)

rice rizo

rich rika

ride (horse, etc) kavelk-es, rayd-es kavelo

ridiculous  ridikla, ridenda, rideja

rile fusilo

right (correct) korekta, rayta, justa, Rayte! Prave! Tu prava! - You are right!

Maxes opino ho konduto konfel vyero ti justo

right (legal or moral) lego, yuro, yur-es 

right (to something) rayto 

right (not left) deksa,-es,-o (deksen! DEKS!) 

right (suitable) apta,-es aptebla, aptabla ring ringo

rim (hoop) hupo, rulringo, rando

ring ringo

ring (v) sonor-es, ring-es, (by phone) telefon-es, fon-es.

rinse (e)spul-es, be-aq-es, per-aq-es),(gargle - gargole-es) 

riot kravalo

rip (break) ruptes, par-es, vyol-trekes (tear up) distrekes, pecul-ruptes

ripe matura

rise (ascend) P: axenves,leves, sobres, montes, skal-es

rise (increase) kres

rise (lift something) lev-es, semleves, belev-es 

risk risko, risk-es

river rivero, flumo (large - fluvyo)

road voyo, (route - vueyo,)

roar animal: rugid-es, bestyeklankes, mug-es, brus-es

rob grabl-es, plundr-es 

robe robo, dreso, klenido, tuniko, mantelo 

robot roboto

rock (boulder) roko

rock (v) rokt-es, bers-es, sfing-es, rock and roll -roktenrulo OR: rokt-ti-rulo 

rocket rakyeto

rod   vergo, stango

role  rolo,rol-es,This word plays a role as…Ta vorto rola qezze…Ta vorto rola qe… 

roll (along) rul-es (tr./intr.), -o

roof tekto

room rumo, cambro, zalo P: zaulo  

room (space) spazo

rope  snuro, lino   (ruptes, disruptes, pares snuro, P: lo parsnuris)

rose  rozo,  rozokolora, roza, pinka

rough (basic) ruda, raua, rau-

round ronda, -o, cir-forma

routine (a usual or regular method of procedure) rutino. This vaccine is already 

routinely used. Ta vaksino yu untata-s rutine.

route vueyo

row (line) linyo, rango, seryo, seqado

rub freg-es

rubbish  P: -IMO,(grimo) skrepo,fartraxo, traxado, sinvalejado

rude kruda, deskortesa, desejentila, desples(end)a

ruin - (devastate) ruin-es, rov-es, devast-es, demol-es, deskonstru-es

rule  reges, governes, domines 

rule (to follow) reglo,regle (regles, reglendes) prinsipo

rumour (scuttlebutt, hearsay, gossip, buzz) klaco

run (on foot) kors-es, -o,  run away - fuges, eskapes

rush (grassy plant) yunko

rush (be in hurry) urg-es, semurg-es, -o, semrapides 

rust rusto

rustle sus(ur)-es, -o, frus-es,(fruseso di folyero, fruso di snovo)  sus-es (maro, 

vyento) susAND-es


sabotage to sabot-es

sabotage sabotado, saboteso

saboteur sabotanto, sabotaryo

sabre sabro. Pusto ho kuto pe sabro

sack sakfo

sacred konsakrita; santya, sakra, maksesantya

sad trista, (xagra, trubyosa) sorina  

sadness tristo, tristezzo, trist-atio , trist-amyento, sorin-amyento   

safe (secure) segura, seyva, P:sefa, segur-es

safe(without danger) sin-danjera, segura

sagacious (wise) saja, inteligenta  

sail seglo, (v) segl-es (ferles - furl (foldes segloy)

sailor maristo, seglanto

saint santya, santyono

salad salato

salary salayro, sueldo

sale seldo

saliva salivo

salon zalongo, zalo

salubrious (healthy) - salubra

salute (n) saluto

salute to, salut-es

salt salto

salty salta, saltita, saltyosa

same - the same - le soma. The same to you - Le somo ka tu. (le somo tun)

I tried to paint the sunflowers in the same way as Van Gogh. - Mi prumpinti le

 solfloroy SOM(E) Van Gogh. In the same way as - som(e)

sanatorium san-ATERY-o

sand sabo (grain of sand - sab-ikulo) sabyosa plajo

sandal sandalo 

sanitarium sanideyo

sanitary sanida,sanezz-a,sanuda,higien-ala; s.cordon: kordongo ho barik-ado 

salubrezz-a, sanidara, sanara.

sanitation besan-o, besalubr-o, higien-o

sanity, saneness - sanezzo, (mentia sano) menti-atio, mind-atio, sanido mentiall, 

minda; sanida judiko; razzyon-al-ezzo.

sapling arb-it-o

sarcasm sarkazmo

satan xatano

satellite satelito, sputniko

satiate sates

satiated, to be - sates, desfom-es, mi-s fula (to be not hungry)(mi sata-I ́m 

satisfacted) satiated satefendita, satefenda, kontenta

satisfaction kontento, satefendo, satendo

satisfy(fulfil)besat-es, bebast-es,plentum-es(fules),bekontent-es, beful-es

Saturday Sabdo

saunter flan-es

save (from danger) salv-es. salves!

save (on computer) spar-es, sav-es, seyv-es

save (money) spar-es

saw (v) seg-es

saw segijo

say fal-es, Say! - Fal!, Fales!, 

say fales (speak) paroles (mo); (recite) recit-es, deklamer-es; I say!: Askoltes!(Listen!) Atento!; let us say no more about it: Mu ne plonge paroles pri to, mu ne paroles pluke pri to; they s.: se fala; to s. the truth: po fales le vyero; I s. no: mi fala ne, mi refuza: I do not s. no: mi ne kontre-fala; my clock s.s one o’clock: ma klokijo indika le unesma (kloko); it is hard to s.: lo esta zorfales;  that is to s.: to esta, to-s; the aforsaid: le supere falita ho pre-fal-ita; le supere menk-ita; he said he was rich: hi aserti ke hi-s rika; no sooner s. than done: te kortem falita, do kortem fendita; you don’t s.: To-s desebla!; to say again: renfales, repes, so to s.: po (te) tezze paroles, kaze. 

saying falad-o , faluro, P:diko

saxophone saksofono

sbirro polisonaco, tortur-isto, ezbiro

scab krosto

scale skaulo

scale (on fish) skfamo

scan skan-es

scar cikatro

scarcely penge, konpenge , zore (desfacile) It scarcely changed at all - To zore 

sem kambis) 

scare spant-es, bepaur-es, betemores

be scared - paur-es, temor-es da, ti, semspantes

scatter dispeldes

scatter-brained neatenteza, vyentokapa

scenario filmoskrit(ad)o, skenero, skripto 

scene skeno

scenery skeneyo

sceptre sketro

scheme (plan of action) proyekto, skemato

school skolo

science xenzo    Mi interesa pri xenzo - I am interested in science.

science-fiction xenzo-fiktio, (s-fiktio)

scientist xenzisto, xenzaryono

scissor  cisoro, tondijo, tondes, klipes pe cisoro, klipijo

scold skold-es

scourge flagelo

scratch skrap-es

screen skrino,-es,(pare-visto - furniture) ekrano

screw skruvo

scrape (off) skrap-es

scream (cry out) skrimes, -o (klamodes)

sculpture skulturo (skult-es)

scum skumo

scurry semrap(id)es, trotes

sea maro

seagull mevo, P: gavo

seashore kusto, strando,P: xoro, marstrando, marenjo

search, search for xerk-es, ren-xerk-es

season (n.) sezemo, tempado

seat (for sitting on) sido, sejo, sidijo 

second (2nd) duesma

second (of time or angle) sekundo 

secret sekreto, misterio, misteria

secretariat sekret-aryat-o  (-ARYAT- institution, organisation, ofizzo, kontoro)

secretion sekrido

sect sekto

section sekzzo, sektoro (cut up into pieces - seekzz-es, dissekzz-es)

sceure sekura

security sekurezzo

seduce sedus-es, vab-es

seed semino

see (with eyes) vir-es

seek xerk-es, verxerk-es

seem sombl-es, aspekt-es, simil-es ka, Le sombla valejo di ma tradukoy tem 

molte begranus. Somblo di amikezzo. Lo sombla (Somble) ke lo snovo/pyuvo. Le 

aferoy SOMBLE progresa positive.  

seize kept(ab)es, grankept-es 

seldom zelte,P:zel+ zelves -I rarely go there - Mi zelva tren.(Zeltem-desfr(eq)em) 


select selekt-es, preselektes

self -  sel, (mi sel - me myself) tu sel - you yourself; lu sel - they themselves.

 Le royo sel (personnaly)- the king himself; Esemple: Le mastro sel inspekti le 

 domo. Hi sel paroleza ko mi. Hi lekta sel

sell seld-es,”Se selda”, SELDITA! (To sell wholesale = grosesfrom: grosisto = =


semi- (prefix) HALO- (e.g., semi-cirklo)

seminary seminario

send sped-es

sense -(meaning) senzzo, esenzzo

sense (organ) syentoro

sense of humor - humorsyento, humorablo

sensible -syentebla, syentabla

sensor sensoro, syentijo, syentatoro

sentry sentrinelo, gardisto

sentence (gram.) frazo

sentence v. sentenzzes - to declare (the punishment for a crime)

sentiment (mental feeling) syensamyento, syensatio, forta syensamyento = afekto  


sentimental sentimentala, sentimentall

sentinel sentrinelo (gardostaranto -vaktisto) sentrinel-es = vakt-es

separate (adj.) aparta, separa, separita

separate (v.) separ-es, besepares, semsepares, divid-es, beapart-es, izol-es

September septembro

sequel - seqo, seqalo, seqado

sequence (sem)seqo

serene serena, kalma, klara

serial seryalo, seryala

series serya

serious (grave) grava, importa, seryusa, sevra

serious (not trivial) seryusa, seryuso 

serve (be of service to) sirv-es, sirvisto - waiter

service - at your service - Kal sirvo tuna.

set v. setinges, estendes, to put in place or position - plases; to establish a 

time, price or limit - beestabl-es, befirm-es, installs, 

set n. ero, konstalo, setino

settings setinoy, konfiguroy, parametroy

settle (intr) setl-es, sidum-es, sidumeyo, setleyo, semestables, semlok-es

His family settled on Qanaria Island - Ha familio setlis sul Qanaria Islo.

seven zem

several plura, varia

severe sevra, grava

sew kodr-es, tayl-es (kodristo, taylaryono) sew with two treads - steg-es

sex sekso,(have sex, to make love)- amor-es, seksum-es,koit-es,

(peyorative:) fotr-es,fagv-es

shadow ombro

shaft (parto di minireyo) xahto 

shake (tremble) tremb-es, xot-es 

shallow baha, desfunda, superfika

shame (emotion) honto, (from sex motives) pudoro

shame (v.) hont-es, pudor-es, 

shape (form) formo, -es

share: konxer-es, konmaxendes, konpartes,(participate in)partoprines,P:part-if-es.   

share: konxerpartendo (cf. porsiono); (finan.)aksino, aksyono (cf. interesto)

(quota) kuoto; s.holder: aksinaryo; sharer: konxeranto, parti-prin-anto.

share (on stock) P: aksino (shareholder - aksinaro)

sharp (knifelike, cutting) xarpa

sharp akuta (augino) akutaugo

shave xev-es.  Mi xevo mi, or: Mi xevo ka mi le viso = I´ll shave. (my face.) 

she li, her- la, le... lina

sheep ovelo, moflo (moflono)

shed barako, kabango, kabino, P: xedo 

sheik - xeiko

shelf xelfo

shell xelo(peel,rind,hull:hard outer case of eggs, nuts,) xelINGes (sinxelendes)

shell (seashell) konko

shelter n (refuge) refugeyo;(protection)protekto; (lodging) alberg(ey)o; v (lodge) 

 alberges (se)

shepherd (lit. and fig.) pastoro, (pasturisto sul pastureyo)

shield xildo, xeldijo

shield (protect) xeldo, xermo, xeldes, xermes (overshedow) Klaudoy xerma le skyelo.

shine skint-es  Le solo skinta - The sune is shining 

ship (n.) navyo, barko (boat - batelo)

shipwreck vrako, semvrak-eso, (navyo)vrakeso, vrak-es

shirt xemiso, kamiselo, xirto

shit  myerdo, xayso, fekalo, kauko, Myerdes - Funkes male, ne korekte

shiver fris-es, frostotremb-es   Sometimes I shiver. Mi frisa voltem.

shock (mental or physic.) xoko, xokes, semxokes

shoe - xuzo, boto,  to pull off shoes - xuzINDes, 

home shoes - slippers: pantofloy

shoot (with a fire-im) paf-es 

shop butiko, seldeyo , xopeyo

shopping  butik-AND-o, xopeso

shore (of a river) rivajo,(of a sea or ocean - strando, 

short (not long) korta, deslonga 

should obl-es, kulp-es, dab-es

shoulder spaldo

shout vok-es, -o

shove xovl-es, pust-es

shovel (scoop) xovelo, xovelijo, shovelful of - plentoxovelo di (fulxovelo a)-

show montr-es, -o

show (indicate) indik-es

show spekado, spektaklo , xowo

shrieking (sharp piercing cry) vyol-EK-es, pirseklankes, pirseklames, P: xrikanta, 


shut klos-es

shut (eyes) blundes

shutter (window) xutro 

shutter drop shutter (camera) oturijo

shy timida P: bliga, pro-honta

sick (ill) malga, nesana,  malstensa, malsyensa ( -ozyo)

side (geometrical) lateralo, -ala

side (not front or back) flanko

sidewalk trotuveyo

sign signo

signal signalo

significant signa, signanta, signomaxa, signifika, importa

sight viro, visto, vyuvo, (eye-sight - viredo, virpuedo, vistedo,( virablo))

Vizites le virejadoy - go sight-seeing – vir-ej-ad-um-es

silence -silento, pyano, silentatio, kalmo, myuto

silent - silenta, pyana, kalma (to be silent, do not speak - silentes, kalmes, 


silk silko

silver arjento -a, silvro -a

similar simila, sombla - to be similar - simil-es I wish I was more like you - Mi 

similezu tu. 

simple simpla

simulate simules, somblendes

sin pekato, pekat-es

since (because) bo, po to ke, 

since (from the time of) da,(danem) de, de pos (prep.), pose (adv.) 

sincere franka, franke (frankevorte, frankedike - frankly speaking)

sing kyant-es, bekyant-es  ((kan)songes) sing a song - kyantes le songo

sink (v.) senk-es

sister hermeno

sit (be sitting) sid-es

sit (sit down) semsides, sides

site situeyo, loko, plaso, qeyo, sayto (on the Net)

sitting room zalongo

situation situo, situENZo, sitamyento, plaso - ENZO, -AMYENTO

six seu

size granezzo, menzuro, mero, sayzo

skeleton skeletro P: skelo

ski skiro

skilful habila, eksersita, ablendita, ableda

skim tukt-et-es P: skim-es

skin (on a person or animal) pelmo ,dermo

skirt (garment) faldo

skull (cranium) kranyo

sky skyelo (under the open sky, in the open - abraskyele)

slaugter slautes, slautaryo, slautisto, slauteyo

slave sklavo

sleep dorm-es, -o P:somn-es (drowsy, to be sleepy - dormeza, somneza) dream in the 

night - drimo, daydream - draumo

sleeve maniko

slender slenda

slide glit-es, -eyo  

slip glito (a slipping movement, as on ice)

slipper (railw.) fernovoya xpalo 

slippery - glita, 

slow lenka, lenke

slurp  slurp-es

small mikra, eta, desegrana

smear smaur-es

smell (have a scent) flavor-es,smeldares,(pleasant -arom-es, unpleasant-desaromes, 


smell smelo, smelsyento (sense of smell) syentes pe syentoro (sensoro- syentijo, 

syentatoro) smell,to (use sense of smell) smel-es

smile smilo - smil-es  (ridetes)

smoke fum-es (tr./intr.), -o, -uro, 

smooth (to the touch) glata, beglat-es

snare (lay a snare for) insidyo, insidy-um-es

snat morvo, nozmorvo, morvexo, morvikulo

snatty morva

sneeze snis-es, SNIS!

sniff snufes

snore snor-es

snow snovo, -es

snuggle (hug)- kokles, binkokles, Li koklis ka sa matro ti dormis.

so (to such an extent) te ke, ta-grade, te aste 

so:  do(ke)! (thus) te, tezze, ta-mode, some qe; (so to speak) kaze; (like) qe, qezze; (according to) konfe, konfe-; (so great, good, much, etc.) te; (therefore) do; so that: po ke (followed by imperative - es) so far: aste tyem, aste ta punto; and so on: ti te plonge; do not speak to me so: ne spes ka mi ta-mode; so is the father, so is the son: qezza patro, tezza filo; I think so: mi te pyensa,  so you have come: Do(ke)! (Finfine!) Tu arivis; so he went: do hi vis; so often: te freqe; so so: do do; if it is so: ya to-s te (tezze); I am so sick: mi-s te malga; why so?: Po qo te? I say this, so you may be prepared: mi dika to, po ke tu estes preparita. Kartezio dikis: Mi pyensa, do mi-s. 

Qo! tu ne kuni doke to? Da qey tu vyena?

soap sapo

soar esor-es, skalteflug-es

sob soluk-es, pyorlament-es

sober (temperate) sobera

society (association - asozzio) asozzio

society (community) sozzio, komunio

sock kalseto

soft (not hard) softa, pyana, (ne: piano!) deseharda

software softwero, softovarko

soil (n.) bordo, grondo ( floor in a room - bordo or: parkyeto.)

soldier saudato, militaryono, militisto

solid solida, -o, fortika

solidarity soliariezzo (solidaria)

sole (of shoe) sulo 

solemn solemna

solve zolvi, zolvo di problemo

some (indeterminate) nalga, qalga, nalgono, qalgono, Also: Naqa, Naqay

some (vague amount) pokto, pokter, algerete, I need some time to...: Mi triba 

poktemo po...

somebody,someone  algono, un, uno

something algo

sometimes da tempo ka tempo, naqem

somewhere algey

son filo

song kyanto, kansongo, songo, song-es, kyant-es kansongo (sing a song)

soon - kortem, proxem (i proxa tempo) the sooner the better -qer pli kortem ter 

 pli bune. ( Qer pli kortem ter betre)

soot suto P: fulgo

sorrow sorino, sorinamyento, sorinatio,(to grieve) sorini, (intr.)  -o; to cause s.

 to:  besorines (algono);  trista; sorinyosa.

sorry (sad) sorina (tristeta),to be sorry: sorines; semsorin-es),  

(in apologizing) Sorine! Mi sorina. Sorineje! 

sorry - without merit; sorina "a sorry horse”; sorineja kavelo,"a sorry excuse” 

skuso sorinall

sort (kind) spezzo, spesyo, sortimento, spesyalo

soul spirito, almo, animo

sound (fonio,sonio,)  sonido, (sono), -Eko, -Eklanko, (e)klang-es,(le gato myaua = 

le gato gatEKa) Atlango esta le lango beleklanka. ( beleka,buneklanka, belsonida)

soup zupo

source fonto

south sudyo

sovereign sovra, sovrezzo, sovr-on-o

sow (v.) sembr-es, semin-es

space (expanse) spazo

spacious vasta, ampla, spazyosa

spark iskro, pir-ul-o (make, produce sparks -iskr-es, iskr-if-es)

speak parol-es, dik-es, tok-es,lang-es - to be able to speak a language)

to turn(address)to someone -P:dires ka algono (semdirekses  ka algono ko... 

special (particular) spesya, spesyala, partikularr

species spesioy

specimen spesimento

spectacle spektaklo, prezentado

spectator - spektaryono, spektanto

speculate spekules, spekulates (P: spekoles)

speech parolo, prelekso, to make a speech - paroles

spend (pay out) spend-es

spend, use (a time) spendes tempo, pasendes tempo, tempopases, bepases tempo 

 P: -em-es

sphere sfero

spider spidro, aranyo

spin turnes, spines, rot-um-es, ci-mob(end)-es, semcirkes, becirkes

spine (backbone) spayno, vertebrero

spirit spirito, almo

spiritual spirita, spiritall

spit splut-es

spite - in spite of  (oldamode: malgre, maw) (prep.) in spite of, despite, notwithstanding, against the will of; -ke: (conj.) notwithstanding that (followed by verb; doke); - spite sa volo: against one’s will; -to: in spite of that, nevertheless; mu vantis spitel pyuvo: we went notwithstanding the rain; mu vi spite (ke) hi interdikTis (forbis) to: we went notwithstanding he forbade it;  Li semmeryenis ko hi spite sa matro. She married him contrary to her mother’s wish. 

spittle spluto, splutado

splendid splenda, splendyosa, gransplenda

spontaneous  spontina

split  split-es (tr.)

spoil rov-es,destrukt-es, defaut-es (tr.) devast-es

sponge spongo

spoon spuno (teaspoon -(herba)tespuno)

spoor (also:footprint) spuro

sporadic sporada, sporade

sport sporto

sportsman sportisto, campono

spouse sposo, meryo (meryano e meryeno)

spout sprayn-es, P: spruk-es

spread sprid-es, dispers-es, (be)dyaspor-es, P:di(s)fus-es 

sprinkle (sur)spruki, asperg-es (also with holly water)

spring (season) springemo (springo)

spring jump - sauto, saut-es, hupes

spring (mech.) risorto, risoro, sprinjo  

spring (water) fuento  

spy (n) spyunaryono, P: spyuno

spy (v) spyunes

square (open public place) plazo 

square (shape) qadra, qadrata -o 

squash (v.) aplast-es (tr.) klem-es 

squat (crouch) (intr.) skat-es (sit on one's heels)

squeak pep-es, grinz-es (with teeth)

squeeze (v.) konprent-es, -o, kanprent-es, klem-es (the hand - prentes mano) to s. 

out - denprentes s. into: konprentes 

squirrel (e)sqilo

stack  -  palo, paliso (legna stango)

stack - (pile) stako (stack of books - stako di bukoy, libroy

stadium   stadyo, stadio, 

staff  stafo, personero

stage skeno, stajo, areneyo

stagnate stagni

stairs -stupoy, stupero, eskaloy, eskalero   

staircase -eskaleyo 

stammer - (stutter) balbut-es

stamp (for postage) postomerko, merko

stamp (to seal) stampl-es

stand up sem leves (leves se)

stand (be upright, without moving) stans-es, star-es 

standard standarda, normata

staple agrafo, agraf-es,(a device generally used by carpenters - klampo, klamp-es)

star (in the sky) stelo

starling storno, P:starlo

starve fom-es

start startes, semkom-es, kom-es, bekom-es (vam-) vam-es. Ta spektaklo (sem)koma po du klokoy.

state (condition) stenso, kondizzo, sel-syenso -ATIO. san(id)-ati-o , sanstenso

state (political) stato

state (in USA) (sube)stato - P:steyo (i (Sem)Uninta Statoy (Steyoy) di Nord-Ameriko 

-USO (USOYO) ho Statunio, Le Steyoy, USio) 

statement (remark) falado,diko, dikuro, dikado 

station (railway) stasyo,stasyo fernovoya,P: stanseyo fernovoya   

stave (n.) daubo   

stay (remain) rest-es, -o -in movement - haltes, semstopes

steal kleptes

steam vaporo, vapo  sinvaporendes = desevapores - vaporINDes

steel xtalo, -a

steep skarpa

steer ster-i (fly-plane),(drive-car)

step (lavel) grado

step (of stairs) stupo (stupeto -step of ladder - ladero )

step (take a pace) vad-es (P:vantades), -o, marx-es

steppe stepo

stern (n.) bakabordo, sterno, pobo.

stick (of wood, etc) bastongo, stango

stick (paste (together)) (ko-) glut-es

stiff stifa (rigid) rigida

still (yet) enke, plonge(m), kontine

stink stink-es, fetor-es, desarom-es

stock exchange - borso

stocking kalso

stockpile  hupilo, haldo,  hald-es

stole estolo

stone, rock (material) petro, roko

stone (pebble) petro, petreto = peblo (petrorestoy)

stop (cease)- stop! stop-es Par!(intr./trans.) Stop klames! Par klames! Parxautes!

stop (stop moving) stop-es, halt-es (intr.) behalt-es (trans.) parmob-es, 


stop up pluges

stopper plugijo, plugo, korko (stopado)

stop-watch (time) stopkloko

storm (with thunder and lightning) stormo

store stor-es

story (imaginary) storyo,  kento, historio

stove fornelo, gasfornelo

straight (not curved) rekta, rekte, rekten

strain (pull tight) streyn-es, (intr) semtenges, (tr)(be)tenges -o, algo. You’ll 

strain your eyes trying to read in this light. Tu tenga (streyna) tua okloy PRUM-

lektante i ta lumino. Strained atmosphere, strained relations. Tenga, streyna 

atmosfero (streynamiento), teng(anta)a rilatoy.Too much computer work strains the 

eyes. Plukmolta laboro komputija tenga le okloy.

strange (odd) cuda, qira,P: qir- bizara, kuryosa

stranger alyono, otrono, (strange - alien - alya)

straw paho, paheto

strawberry frago, wild strawberry - fragelo

stream (river) fluo, strimo, (electric - P: elko) - korento, (el)strimo, elektro

street veyo, strado, stradeto

strenght forto, fortezzo

strenghten (pli)fortes - befortes, semfortes 

stress (emphasise) emfaz-es, -o

stretch (strain) streynes, (intr) semtenges,  betenges (algo)  

strict strikta, rigora, PREKSA,

strike (collide with) xok-es, kolid-es, krax-es

strike (hit) frap-es, -o, to strike with a sweeping blow - suip-es 

strike strayko, strayk-es, fomstrayko

string kordino, strino (music)P:struno

stringent rigoryosa, strikta, sevra, persevra

strip (n.) bendo, teypo, strio

striptease stript(is)o , stript-es

strive (endeavour) striv-es, peng-es, fors-es, akir-ez-es, max-ez-es 

strobilus strobilo (A conelike structure, such as a pine cone.)

stroke (written mark) signo, merko, stroko (penzzel-stroko)

stroll (walk) trotuv-es, proment-es  

strong forta,P: stronga, forsabla

struggle  lukt-es, -o, flond-es, batal-es, fayt-es, konvuls-es

struggle n. (inter-)lukto; konbatro.

stubble field - stupleyo

student ((university, etc) studento

student (in general) studanto

study stud-es (Prefix: Qal- means exploration, valuation, testing, study, checking, - for example: weigh - qal-vektes.(vekto-meres) qalmeres - to measure something. Qallonges - measure the length.)

stumble stambles

stump stumpo (cigaret-stumpo)

stun aturdes, sordendes

stupid stupida, dumba, gaua, stupideta - tontua, GAU-

style stilo

subject subyekto

subject (topic) temato, qesumo, frago, temat-es pri,  subyekto

submit submis-es, (be)subord-es

subscribe to (a periodical, etc) abong-es , prenumer-es

substance subestanzzo, esenzzo

substitute remplases pe , subestitutes, bezam-es

subtle subetila, fayna

succeed (be successful) suksida, suksidabla,suksides, suksidyosa, dazla suksido

success suksido,suksidablo -es. This is a key to success - To-s klefo ka suksido

such as     tezza qe,  te qe,  

such (of such a kind)  tezza qe

such (so great or much) te,  te-grade

suck, suck on - suk-es

sudden rape-, rapta, sobe,soba, so+

suddenly rape, raptem, rap!

suffer sufr-es (de, pro) konsufres (konpates)

suffice   (pretty) baste, bast-es, Basto!

sufficient   basta, bastanta

suffocate sufok-es

sugar sokro (rausokro)

suggest sugest-es

suit aptes, konformes

suitable apta, konvyenanta, konforma  

suitcase valiso

summer vernemo,verno, -ala, -all

summit sumido

sun - solo, sola, solarr

Sunday Soldo

sunrise  solkomo, solskalo, solskaleso, solskal-ob-o

sunset solfino, soldolo, soldoleso, soldol-ob-o

super supe, super-

superb superoda, belyosa, beloda

superficial (shallow) P:superfisa, desfunda

supper (evening meal) suaryelo

supple supla (delikata) flekseza, flekseta

supply (someone) supl(em)entes i, ko, a, P: furnes, livr-es, maxendes, be-, 

support apog-es, suport-es

suppose suspond-es (tr.) prexunt-es. Ne (po) kunes, mo pyens, ke algo-s tezza ho 


sure (certain) serta, sinskepta, sindauba, to be sure: sert-es, Esemplo: mi serta

surface surfeso 

surf surfes, on the internet - netum-es, surf-es 

surmount (be)super-es algo, superes problemato

surprise - soprino

surprise (take unawares) soprines (so-prines) 

surrender  kapitul-es (To give oneself, cede a town, territory, etc. up to an

 enemy. Also more widely to resign, abandon.) Saudatoy cedis kal enemiko

surround (to be around on all sides) cirkend-es, becirk-ey-es

surroundings cirkeyo 

surtout  surtuto.

surveillance: (sur)vigilo, alertezzo, vigilatio, alertatio; ob(e)serv-eso.

survey: (contemplate) kontemples, (attentively) supermires,(sur)vigiles; (consider)

koncideres; (investigate) esplores; QAL-es,(value profesionally) 

P: espertis-es,OR: menzur-isto, meristo; (inspector of buildings, etc.) inspekt-

isto; (valuer) P: espertis-isto.

survival:  vervivo (continuance) dauro (cf. permanento); s. of the fittest: 

naturala (pre)selekto.

survive: vervives, pose-vives (algo, algono); To-s ma grana vervivado.(remain a 

long time) plong-estes, dauremes, permanentes.

survivor: vervivanto, vervivablanto

suspect suspet-es, -ito, (he suspects nothing - hi suspeta nado) deskonfid-es,


suspense (thriller) - suspanso, suspansoviga (trilero)

swallow (gulp) gulp-es, -o

swathe envelop-es, bandaj-um -es

swear  jur-es, (bejures = votes) Al barbo di Antonius! By Antonius´s beard! 

swear desbenfal-es, malfal-es, malvort-es 

sweat sfeto

sweep skobi (broom - skobijo, brumo)

sweet dulsa, dulsezzo

sweet (confectionery)- sokrado, dulsado, bonbo 

sweetheart amato, (male) amatano, (female) amateno 

swell sfoles

swim simb-es, naut-es

switch (n) xaltijo, koplijo

switch on  xaltes, inkopl-es, likt-es

switch off slek-es, deslikt-es, biliktes, deskoples, SLEK!

sword suordo, espado, rapyero, sabro. Degaynes suordo.

sympathy - simpatio, simpati-syento. Simpati-es ko.  She wrote a letter expressing 

sympathize. Li skritis brifo esprivante sa simpatio. Hi looked at her 

with sympathy. Hi miri li ko simpatio.

system sistemato    



table (furniture) tablo

table (catalogue,list, index) tabelo, indekso, listolo

tablet tableto, P: tabo, podo, taulo

tack tak-es, zigzak-es, zigzake ves

tact takto (muziko) mobimento

tail teylo (kok-teylo, pluma), kaudo (ne pluma)

tailor taylisto, tayloro  P: tayles - kodres

take prin-es (take it! - Prin (-es) to!)

take care of  be-ang-es, ker-es ti

take (carry) port-es, P: bringes

take (lead) dukt-es,(verduktes) gvid-es

tale (imaginary)  kento, storyo, kentes le storyo, story-al-es, kent-if-es

talk (speak) parol-es, fal-es, interfalo, konfalo,loqo,langes- be able to speak a

language) I can speak Atlango - Mi falabla (faleda) Atlange. 

tall skalta, as tall as I - te skalta qe mi

tame  temni, desevildendes, vildINDes

tank (milit.) batal-tanko (vehilyo)

tank tank-i (liquid)

tank tankuyo, cisternoyo, reservuyo

tap krango, tap-ij-o

tap (v) (to pour in, also drinks) tap-es, Tap! FLUS! influs-es,

task tasko, laborado

taste (sense the taste of) gusto, saporo, gustum-es -qal-gustes (to-s bungusta ka 

mi) taste (with the tongue) gustum-es, saporum-es

taxi taksi, taksino

tea  teo, herba-teo, cayo

teach (someone) instru-es, dokt-es  

teach (something) lern-es, seminstru-es, 

teamo - timo, ekipo, tacmento, eskadro. Le timo akiris (abligis) sa plano dyema.

Le timo planablis.

tear (from eye) lakro, P:lakrimo, pyorikulo,

tear (rend) dis-trek-es (pull apart)

tear up [tr.] to damage something - ruptes,(ruptes trido) lancer-es, pecultrek-es

tedious teuda, teud-es (algono pe…) Ne teudes!

teenager - pokte-s-anyono  (fifteen years old - kuins(any)ono) (teen - -s-)

telephone,to- telefon-es, fon-es

telephone-call telefonado, fonado, fono.

telephone (tele)fono, mobile t. - Mobilo, mobijo, fonijo, f-ono, portebla f-ono

television televizio,televisto.(Le tevo,Le tello),TVapparat -televistoro, 

  televistilyo, televistijo

tell: (say) fales (algono,ka algono);(express)espr-es;(narrate facts) narat-es, naratanto, narataryono; (tell fiction) kentes; (have an influence) influent-es, afekt-es, fendes impreso (ka algono); (reveal) reviles; (confess) konqes; (publish) bepobl-es; (be)publikeso, bepubliko.(bepoblo) t. off: (count) kontes, nombres; to tell the truth: po vyerfales; I have been told: min algono falis, se fali (ke); he told you to stay here: hi imperis ka tu (tum) restes tey; I cannot tell one from another: mi ne pueda dicernes (diskunes) le una dal otra; to tell of: paroles (ye) (narat-es); to tell a lie: (intr.) mentines; tell a secret: konfides. 

temperament  temperamento

temple (anat.) tempilo

temple - templo

tempo - rapidemo, mer-tempo, (muziko) taktemo, (menzuremo, mer-emo) (temporitmo)

mobimento, mobemo

temporary - P: temporema, provisora, provisorema

tempt tentes, beprum-es

temptation  tenteso

ten desto, 10 (deko) P: -t-

tench tinko (fixo)

tend tendez-es, inklin-es ka, prok-es ka, po, (Pro-, -EZ also: want to: dEZ-es)

tendentious tendeza, proka

tender delikata

tension tensio

tent teldo

tepid tepa, varmeta

terror teroro, beterores

terrible -teribla, horibla, terora

territory - teritorio, P: terdorio

test testes

testicles testikloy, (balls) - stikloy

text teksto

textile tekstilo,teksado,stofo

than qe, da

thank dank-es, A common expression is: Danke kal Dio - Dank´al (a le) Dio - Dion 

danke ke... 

thanks danko, mi danka. The most usual response is: Ne dankeje = It was nothing.

Other possible responses: To-s no. = It’s nothing. To-s ma pleso. = My pleasure.

that (conj.) ke

that (pron.) tro, tra

that (who, which) qono, qo, ga

the le, the - the = qer.....ter (the sooner the better - qer kortem ter pli bune. 

Qer kortem doke betre)

themselves (pron.) se, lu sel

then (after that) pose , pos to

then (at that time) trem

theoretical teoria, teoriala, teoriall

theorize teori-um-es ti

theory teorio

there (at that place) trey

there is, are,  Lo-s..., Lo esta

thereafter pose, posem, pos ta tempo

therefore konseqe, po to, do, doke

thick (dense) denzza

thick (fat) grasa

thick (not thin) grusa, grusforma

thief kleptono, kleptaryono, kleptisto

thigh femoro

thin (not thick) dina, magra (desegorda) , subetila

thing kos(ad)o, (suffix) -ADo 

think pyens(es) konsidernes, riflektes, P: Bepyens pri qo, po dyablo, tu pyensis?)

- What on earth  were you thinking of?) Qalpyens(es) misterioy dil Universo.

 thirst dusto, drink-ezo, (I am thirsty - mi dusta, drinkeza, drinkiba

(need - tribo) mi drinkiba)

this (pron.) to, (tado)

thou Tu 

thought pyenso,ideo

thousand mil, milo, tausento

thread trido

threat(en), menace - huto, huta, -es, bepaur-es, betemor-es

three trin

thresh dras-es, dengraynes, dangraynes, singraynendes = desegraynes

threshold doorstep - soylo , pordostupo

throne truno 

throng trongo,-es, P: kalabaliko 

through ve, ver-

through (by means of) pe,per- 

through (during) dau,daurem, il tempo di…  inem

throw jekt-es, (to throw away - farjektes, trax-es, danjektes, denjektes,

thunder tondr-es, -o , storm-EK-es, stormeklankes

thunderbolt tondroblikso

Thursday Jodo

tic tinko

ticket (for entranse, etc) bilyeto, tiketo

tie (fasten) lig-es, -o, -ijo (fast-ligi) link (on the Net) - link-es, -o

tight tayta, cir-tayta, uska

tile kahelo

time tempo, qemo, -EM, What time is it? - Qa, Qera kloko, tempo (esta)? (Qesma 


Ago: algem pas(e), bakem, pasem, Tyem, After: pos(e), posem, In the future:


time (occasion) VOLTO, voltemo (e.g., the first time = primavolte, da 

primo),(del)unesma volto) come on time, timely, in time (il tempo) 

time (in counting); VOLTO occasion (repetition); turn (in series); singla-volte, ca-volte,every time (that), all the time, whenever; molta-volte: many times, often (when), repeatedly; qer-volte: how many times; pokta-volte: sometimes;  To-s ma volto,(turno): it is my turn. For the time being - portyem, po tyem, po ta tempo

timid (timorous) bepaura (paureza, temoreza)

tipical tipa, tipika

tire (v.) tir-es, semtires

tired tira, sinriposa, eksosta

tired be, tir-es, estes tirita, mi(-s) tira, semtires pe...

title (of a book, article, person, etc) titolo

to (a destination) ka, en, (onto) suren,

to (in order to) po ke (+ imperativo - es), eyme, pore (to be something) Lu elektis 

hi pore (ki) komisaryo. 

to (until) aste, aste ke, astem, astey

today tampe,tampo, tampe-freme- this morning, tampe-suare -this evening(ta-suare)

(day before yesterday: pre-timp-e, -o; d. after tomorrow: pos-tomp-e, -o)

together ko, kone ko

toilet - WC - toileto - nezzesejo - to-s toileteyo ho loko qen hominoy va po pises  

ye kakes. Le loko numata-s nezzeseyo, bo se habide (habe) va tren qem se nezzesa.

tolerate toler-es, tol-es

tomato tomato

tomorrow tompe,tompo (tompe-freme-tomorrow morning,tompe-suare-tomorrow evening)

(day after tomorrow: pos-tomp-e,-o,day before yesterday: pre-timp-e)

tonality tonelezzo, tonelio

ton (weight) tonelo , P:tonoyo

tone tonalo, timbro

tongue lingo

tongue (language) lango, lingvo, idyomo, dyalekto

too (+ adj.) pluke, plukmolto - too long - pluklonga, pluk(molt)em - too long in 

time, pluk(molt)er - too much, too little - PLAKE

Hi kofis (xopis) pluke di luksusoy.=...plukmolte(r) luksusoy. Lo-s pluke dunke, po 

viredes far.

too (also) toje, je, ti toje, (ti je) 

tool instrumo (utensils) unt-ij-o, untilyo. Veh-ILYo -vehicle, -IJ - ofte portebla,

 mikra instrumo: flamijoy - matches (alumetoy), kambliktijo (liktokambijo)- switch 

on and off (circuit breaker)DVDijo,edijoy - cutlery. Apparatus -ATORO,ORO, 

(toje ne portebla)- televist(or)o,TVijo Go get some tools-Ves ti brin pokter ijoy.

tooth dyento

top topo, supro

topic (temat) temato, konzzerno, 

torch torco

torment - tormento, torturo, torment-es, molest-es, P:trakes, hares,

torrent toryento

total (adj.) totyala, totyall

touch tukto, tuktes

tough tafa

tour (n.) turneso, cirkenvo

tour (v.) turnes, turnenves,cirkenves

tousle tosles (toslita keploy, klenoy) Le polisonoy tosli le krimono.

tower -turmo (luminturmo, luksoturmo - farolo)

town urbo

toxic toksa

toy pludiko, pludijo (mobile- pludilyo)

trade (craft) mestyero, krafto

trade (deal) komers-es (intr.), -o , komerso

tradition - tradizzo

train (railway) trayno

trait trezzo

traitor traydaryono, traydoro, traydono

trample tramp-es

translate translang-es, traduk-es

transparent transparenzza, vervirebla, desopaka, dia-

transparent banero

transport transport-es, -o

transverse transevera, krosa (kros-fluto)

trap kept-es, trap-es, -ijo

trash traxo , far-traxo, skrepo, (to throw away -(far)trax-es)

travel viaho, viah-es

traveller viahanto

treat betrakt-es, regal-es (be-trakt-es pe ) (be-)

treat (medically) kur-es

tree arbo, to clear of trees: be-sin-arb-es = be desarbes 

tremble tremb-es, -o, xot-es

tresure trezoro

trifle  bagatelo

thriller (movie, book) - trilero

trip tripo, eskurso (take a trip - tripes)

triumph triumfo, -es

trouble trubo,(P:+UBo,elektrUBo = trouble with electr. trouble with money- munUBo)

troublesome - truba, trubenda,trubARa, trubyosa, trubezza myeno = trubiva myeno

trough manger -trogo

trousers pantalo, pantalongo, P: bruko

truck (lorry) kamyono, loryo, truko, kargotruko, kargauto

true (not false) vyera, to be true - vyer-es, vyerest-es

trust trusto, -es ka, konfido,-es ka

trust - (ekon. politics.- cartel, sindicate) trasto, kartelo, sindikato

truth vyero,vyerado,Ideo di algo, qo-s konforma kal realo. To sestis vyero - to 


Ha profetado ne semvyeris. Ha profetado n-estis vyera.

 Le vyero cem venka.  Le filozofia, xenza vyer(ad)oy.

try prum-es, PRUM-, test-es 

tsar - tsaro, zzaro

tube tubo, P: kanolo

Tuesday mardyem, Mardo

tumult tumulto

tune tyuno, suono

turn, turn around - turn-es, turn back, aside - vert-es

turn upside down - kulbes (head over heels - kulbute) to somersault- kulbendes

turn over, to overturn (reverse revert-es) (to turn - vehicle and vessel: veltes 

(P: kepsines, kepoveltes)

turn to turni ka...to turn (address) to someone - dires. Dires ka algono. 

Vortedires ka algono.

turquoise turkfiso, turkuso

twilight sombr-emo, krepusko, krepusk-es

twist tord-es (tr.), -o, P: tuist-es

two du , bedues, semdues - to divide in two parts. DuENZo dil personezzo

type (n., all senses) tipo

type (write on typewriter) tayp-es


ugly turpa,-ACA, (pejorative) (expresses negative affect or a poor opinion of the 

object or action)skritaci (to scrawl, from 'write');  klimataco (foul climate) 

klimaco, bad weather); domaco (a hovel, from 'house'); miraces (to gape at, from 

'look at');belaca (tawdry, from 'beautiful'); kosadaco, (junk); AC ! BLE!(yuck!) 

ugly (moral) fuya, FUY-  shameful, nasty, disgusting, filthy

fuyhomino, fuyono (a wicked person); fuyvorto (a profane word); fuybuxo (a dirty 

mouth); fuybestyo (vermin, from 'animal,beast');fuya(vile); fuye! (For shame!); Fuy 

ka tu! (Shame on you!)

umbel umbelo (umbeloy di floroy)

unbearable nedentyenebla

uncle onklano

under (prep.) sub, sube

undergo - sufres, vervives

underneath (prep.) sube - subey

understand kunprines,kap-es P: kap-al-es,(perseptes,intelektes,P:kapables)

understanding kapo, intlekto, kunablo

undo desfendes, sinf-es, bi-,(make without) sim (become without)

unexpected P: nespyeta, nespyetite

unfair nejasta

unfold desfald-es, semdesfaldes, sprid-es, semsprides,

unite P: jednostka - unado

unite be-un-es (tr.), unites, semunes

united unita, beunita, semuninta

union Uniono, Unio, Unito, UnENZo (like a state) Eurounio,USA -USO, USoyo, USio  

untidy (hair) hirta, bauaga (BAU- untidy, in chaos)

until aste, astem, aste qem, aste ke, Mi pyori ASTE mi semdormis

untruth nevyero, falso, fusko, blufo (bluf-es) 

unwell malga, malesta, malstensa

up - skal(e) ,skalen  High (skalte) up (skal) in the air - Skalte il skaleyo, 

Skalteskaley (down: dolen, doltedoley)  skales - go up, doles - go down

upon, on, - sobre, su, sur-, suren

uproot desradikendes, radikINDes

urchin (brat) bubo, P:brato (bubano, bubeno, bubono - bratano, brateno, bratono)

urgent (haste) hasta,urga, Do not haste! - ne hastes! Ne semurges! Ne semrapes! 

use unt-es, -o, (sem beserves pe), util-es

useful utila, untebla

usually norme,(normale) ordinale, habide,habe P:-KU-(tradise),rutine konfehabe


vacancy - vaqeso, vaqezzo, vaqamyento, vaqatio, mango, bristo

vacation (time) vaqanso,-es, vaqans-em-o, feryo, vaqemo

vacuous vaqa, vaq-ati-a

vacuum vaqo, vaqatio

vain (as in vanity) vanidyosa

vain (futile) vanida, Oh! vanide!

vain in - vanide, po vanido, all in vain - totye vanide, ca-vanide, Vanid-eyme!

vaingloriousness (pride) orgilo, -es, malpraudo 

valid valida

valley valeyo

valuable (adj.) valejyosa, skaltevaleja

valuable (n.) valeja, 

value (n.) valejo, ejo, -EJo

vanity (conceit) vanido, vanidezzo

vanity (futility) vanidezzo

variant variado, varianto

varicose veins  varikso

various difersa, varya, otra

vary varyentes,bevary-es (tr./intr.)

vase vaso, krugo, poto, kuktopoto

vast vasta, sprida, ampla, spazyosa ,P: molteya

vegetable (n.) hortajo, grinadoy

vegetarian food vejo

vehicle vehiklo, vehilyo, carto

velvet veluto (pluxo)

vendetta vendeuto

vengeance venjo,venjodezo (vindictive - venjeza, venjodeza)

veranda verandoyo

verb verbo

verdict In challange: vyerdikto

verse verso, versiko, strofo

version versio

vertigo - vertigo (dizziness) feel dizzy - vertiges

very much makse (suffix) -OD-, moltODe, makse molte, molmolte

very (adv.)  molte.

vessel - uyo, vaso,krugo, navyo, blood vessel - angio

viable vivabla,vivyosa

vice- vic(e)- Vice-Prezidento (reserv, spare part)- vice-parto, reservado

victim viktino, sufrinto

victory venko, viktorio

video video

view virado, visto , vyuvo

villa villo, (viloyo)

village - vilajo, P: aldeyo

vindictive - vendika, venjeza

vine - vino

violate vyol-es, perfort-es,fort-ag-es, VYOL-, 

violence vyolento, vyolo, perforto

violent vyola (VYOL-)

violet color - viola

viper vipero

virtue virtuso

vision vizio (prospekto) visto

visionary vizyoplenta, vizya, vizyala

visa viz(um)o, pasporto

visit vizit-es, -o

vociferation vocek(lank)ODo, klamODo, xauto

vogue - vogo

voice (n.) voco

voila! - Tezzo! Tey-s! Vo-la! 

volume - volumo, (tome - volumODo, P: volumino) (geometr) volumno.

vomitate  vom-es

voyage - viaho, viahado, viaheso 

voyager - viahanto, viaharyono (in cosmos - astronauto, kosmonauto)

vulgar - vulga, trivya, trivyall, banala, a vulgar expression - vulg-iv-o

vulva - vulvo. (vulg) - pico


wade - vaud-es, zorves, zorvantes

wage(s) pago, salayro, sueldo

waggle sfingetes

wagon railway wagon (railway carriage) vagono, (P:vagno) varkovagnoy

wail lament-i,(Alas! Woe! Oh Dear! - Vanide! Lamento!) bewail - bepyores 

waist talyo 

waistcoat vexto

wait vart-es, Wait a minute! - var ́un minuto! Var a mi!

waiter sirvisto

wake (awaken) vig-es,beviges, semviges, desedorma, bevigita

walk marx-es, -o, to go on foot - kamines, pyedves

   amble (an easy gait of a horse, a leisurely walk,) ambl-es

wall muro (Le Cina Granmuro)

wallet burso, bolseto

wand vondo, magia vondo, rabdo

wander vandr-es, vagabond-es, migr-es, vandranto

want to dez-es, -EZ-, to be willing - volunt-es

war milito, krigo, (querilla) gvero, gverilo

wardrobe garde-robo, klenublo

warehouse varkeyo, varkodomo

wares (goods) varkoy

warm varma, bevarm-es

warn (give notice of possible occurence) varn-es, forewarn - prevarn-es, atentendes

Mu varnes cono, kel deluvo vyena!  Let’s warn everyone that the deluge will come!

warning - varno, varnado, atentado, atento.

warrior militaryono, faytaryono, batalanto, batalono

wash lav-es (tr.), -o

wash (oneself) sem lav-es

washing machine -lavatoro, lavoro

waste (squander) sqand-es (prodig-es)  fardiboc-es

water (n.) agvo

watch - spekt-es, spektanto, spektaryono

watch - klokijo, manuklokijo, bigger one: klokadoro

wave (undulation) ondo, vogo

wave suing-es, mah-es

wax  vakso, parafino

way voyo, (route - veyo) on the way - vem, vantem, surveye, survoye. I bought some 

bread on the way. Mi vem (qem mi vi) kofis pokter pauno. (street - strado, veyo)

we mu

weak suaga

weapon armo, misilo

wear to (clothes, etc) port-es, klen-es

weather meteo, tyempo, klimo, climate - klimato

weave teks-es, (textile) teksado

web site sayto, web-loko, webeyo

Wednesday Serdo, Serdyem(o)

week zemango, viko. Names of the days of the week: Vikodyemoy. 



weekend - vikenjo,  vikfinemo, P: So-dyemoy (Sabd-Sol-dyemo)

weep pyor-es, lakr-es, lakr-ifik-es

weigh (have weight of) QERvektes, heavy - peza, moltevekta

weight vekto, vektezzo 

welcome (n.) acepto totyakora, Bunvyeno, Bunarivo! Saluto!

welcome (v.) acept-es totyakore, bebunvyen-es, salut-es

well (adv. of good) bune, bun, doke bune, o-key (O-K)

well (healthy) sana, Buna. Qe Tu syensa? Mi bunsyensa. Mi malsyensa.

well (in the ground) pozzo 

wend wend-es  (to direct, to proceed)

west westo, -ala -all

wet: umida, umidezzo, beumid-es, WET PAINT! Frexe farbita!

whale balino

what qo

wheat tritiko P: frumo

wheel (n.) roto

when - qem(e)

whenever qalgem, qalga-tempe, 

where - qey

wherever qalgey, qalga-loke

whether qes whether - or - qes....qes, 

which (plural) qay, qonoy, 

which (sing.) qa, qo, qi, qono 

while (although) trozze, qenke, yanke, Although she was ill, she worked hard. 

trozze (Spite) li esti malga, li zore laboris. Although he hurried, the shop was 

closed when he got there. Qenke hi semurgi,le butiko esti klosita (qem)(dokem)hi

 vyenis tren.

while (conj.) qeme, dokem, i (le) dauro di, dau, il tempo di, intempe di...

Qem tu lekta tu streyna tua okloy. Lektem tu streyna tua okloy. Mi vira ke vantem 

(under walking - vantem) tu tum (sem) tenga. Edante (ed-e) lu paroli - Edem lu 


whip fusto, peyco

whirl vortiko, vortik-es

whisper xept-es, sufl-es (also in theatre)   

whistle, pipe - fif-es, sibiles

white blanka

who (plural) qay, qonoy

who (sing.) qi,qa, qono

whole totya, -o, integra, -o, -ala, all

wholesome san-dara, salubra (healthy) sana; -ness: -ezzo

wholly (entirely) totye, totye, komplete, integre, plente, totyall

wholly (without exception) si ecepto, integrala

whom qan

whose qia, di qa, di qo, di qi. The serpent that did sting thy father's life now 

wears his crown. 

Le serpento,di qia mordo(be)mortis tua patro,tyeme porta le kruno hina.(De Hamleto) 

why Po qo?, Qel? Qeyme? Qakause?

wick - lonto, lamplonto (mexo)

wicker - vimino (a kind of willow)

wide (not narrow) vasta, spasyosa, breda, ampla

widow - vyudo, vyudeno 

widower -vyudano

width - vastERo, vasto, vastezzo (bredo, bredezzo, bredero) Qervasta to -s? How 

wide is it? Qerbreda to-s?

wife sposeno, meryeno, wife: -YENO.(for ex: a wife of the geral - geralyeno) 

wild (in its natural state) vilda

will volunto, dezo, bundezo, to be willing - volunt-es  

will (want to) dez-es (tr.), -o -

win (gain victory) venk-es, gvanes venko 

win (gain) gvan-es, -o, pludogvan-es, P: plud-ern-es

wind (n.) vyento

winding meandryosa, sinusyosa - meandr-es, sinus-es

windscreen (windshield) pare-vyento

wind up - volv-es

window  vindo, fentro, shop window - vitrino

wing vingo

wink (blink) blink-es, with eyes: oklum-es, oklob-es

winter vintremo (vintro), -ala -all

wipe (far)frotes

wire metal-kordo, druto

wisdom sajo, sajezzo

wise saja, far seeing - sagasa, farvirabla 

wish deziro, bundez-es, -o,  wishes - bundezoy, bundeziroy

whisky wiskio

wit sprito, sprit-ono

witch hekso, hekseno, magieno (fuyhekses - cast an evil eye on)

with (instrumental - by means of) pe (e.g., skrit-es pe plumo) 

with (comitative - in the company of) ko, kon-

within - iney

without si, sin-

withstand - rezistes

witness  atestanto

woman meno, femo, femeno, teno - this woman (li)

wonder mervilo, mervilado, miraklo 

wonderful - mervila, mervilenda, mervilyosa, mirakla

wood (material) legno

wood (trees) arbero, furesto

woodshed xupo,P: budo, legnobudo, legnoxupo

wool vulo

wool cloth  drapo

word vorto,  in words - vorte, -all. To keep one´s words - Vortyenes (Vortotyenes)

work labor-es, trab-es,(intr.) to be out of w.,to rest from work (tr.,intr.)com-es.

work (function) funsin-es, shorter form: funk-es

work (literary, artistic, etc) kreado, verko, -es

workspace laborspazo

world mondo, -ala -all

World Wide Web TotyaTerda Teksado (TTT)

worm vurmo, terdovurmo, P:lombo

worry trubes pe, sobre, preoqes, semdeskalmes, despyanes! 

(bother) P:veks-es

worse peyora, pli mala, ple buna, des(e)betra,  to be worse - peyor-es

Tampel tyempo (esta) peyora qe timpe. 

worst makse mal, le plu mala

worth valejo, -Ej-, skaltevaleja

worth, be valejes,

wound vund-es, -uro, -ado

WoW! WoW! Ha-la!

wrap involves

wreck vrako

wrestle lukt-es (intr.), -o, vrest-es

wrinkle rugo

wriste vristo

write skrit-es, verk-es

writer verkisto, autoro, skritisto, nuvelisto, romanzisto, kre-skritisto

wrong (not right) deskorekta,fela, FEL-,“your information is wrong” 

Tua informo-s fela.“The clock showed the wrong time” Le klokijo montri feltempo.

Le klokijo felmontra.

“Found themselves on the wrong road” Semtroves sul felvoyo.


Xmas - Kristonasko, Kristonaskemo


yacht yahto

yawn oskes

year anyo. New Year - Nuvanyo

yearn leng-es, nostalg-es

yearly ca-anye P: canye

yellow amargelba, gelba, P: jala

yes - yes, ye

yesterday - timpo, timpe-freme -yesterday morning, timpe-suare - yesterday 


yet (already) yu

yet (still) enke, kontine

yet (until now) aste tyem ≈ astyem

You - tu

young (adj.) yuna , (human) jova, jovall

young (man & women)-jovo,(yunyoro)(jovano & joveno = GE-jovoy, yunonero, jovonero)

young animal -YUNO, gatyuno, vaxyuno, kokyuno

youngster - jovo, jovono, yunsioro, yunioro

your(s) (plural & gentle) Tua, Le … tuna

youth yunezzo, jovezzo

yowl hules


zeal zilo,fervo,(enthusiasm, avidity,ardor(US),ardour (Br),fervor(US),fervour(Br)) 

zealot ziloto, zilono; fervono, fanatik(on)o.

zebra zebro

zest zesto, vigoro

zodiac zodiako 

zombie zombyo, heksokadavro

zone zoneyo, strefo

zoo zoo, zooparko

zoom zumo, zum-es (zoom out - denzum-es)


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