Gramatiko di Atlango esta simpla.

Pronunso i Atlango:

VOWELS. The vowels of the alphabet are pronounced as follows:

a as in English: far.  e as in fiancé,  i as in machineo as in toll,  u as in rural.

CONSONANTS. The consonants  bdf,  hklmnptvw, are pronounced as in English, and the 

remaining as follows:

c like ch in much.

g like g in go

as in  German and Scotch ch, Spanish j, Irish gh, Polish ch 

j like in Portuguese, French and in English: z in azure,  s in visual.  

OR: j like in English  jar. (jh)

jh like English J (John)- i Atlango: Jhon, Jhessica, jhinso, if needed)

l, L - like in Polish.  li - he

q as KF  like in kvetch, kvetcher, i Atlango: qi - she, qa - her

y like y in yesbeyond.

r is slightly trilled or rolled. (like in Spanish, Italian, Polish, Russian.)

s like s in seebasis.

x like sh in shine, ch in machine. (I Atlango:  xautes- to shout, xenzo -science)

w like English w 

zz like ts in pizza, tsetse, tsar


Diphthongs are combinations of two vowels uttered as a single sound, by one breath-impulse. 

Their pronunciation is as follows:

ay like ai in aisleey like ei in veiney in theyoy like oi in coinoy in boyuy like ui in ruinu(e)y in gluey.

ua ue - w-a, w-e, eu like ayw in wayward, or like é(h)oo pronounced together.  au like ou in out , uo like w 

A number of words start with s followed by a consonant. A speaker who finds this difficult can add a 

leading E. For ex: spendes  (to spend) e+spendes, spaso (space) e+spaso, skintes (shine) e+skintes. 

This formation you can also use in poetry. You can also add ”E” as an euphonic ending to correlatives. 

For ex: cem - always - cemE, tey - here - teye.


Le alfabeto Atlanga konsista de 27 letroy. 

I Atlango ne estenta spesya letroy ko supersignoy ve lo-s i Esperanto.  


Nimoy di letroy: 

versio 1. a bo co do  e fo go ho i jo (jho) ko lo mo no o po qo (kfo) ro so to u vo wo xo yo zo zzo 

2. a be ce de  e fe ge he i je (jhe) ka  el(e) em(e) en(e) o pe qo (kfo) er(e) es(e) te u ve ew(e) xe ye ze 


 Such a forms like -ia, -io, are pronounced as iya, iyo. (Fransio, Polonio, Germanio.)  

(The forms eu, au -(ne-utra, a-uto, a-utoro) can be also pronounced as: ew, aw (newtra, awto, awtoro))

Stress falls most often on the second-last syllable. Le aksento le plu freqe kyada al prefina silabo. 

Po esemplo: atlAngo, capElo (-in english: hat), lAngo -(in english: language) dOmoy

 (houses), dyEmoy (days), mi gAnda ( mi ga) (I am going)


ATENTO: Also such a words as:  pOkter, Algem, mOlter, (ect. - ttp. - ti te plonge, to to po). 


Subestansivo (substantive) maxa (has) le finado - O

islo -in English: island, terdo -in English: earth, ( in German: erde, in Spanish: tierra.) suaro ( in 

French: le soir)  nimo -name, mano - man (a male person), menofemENo -woman, 

hermeno - (sorelo) sister, frato (hermano) - brother,  pueno, joveno, gelo - girl, koro - heart, 

arbo - tree,  hando - hand, kepo - head. 

Plurivo (the plurals) maxa le finado - OY 

(som(e) ve i Esperanto - ”oj”) koroy (hearts) bukoy (libroy) - books,  klaudoy - clouds,  garsoy

boys, geloy - girls

Adyektivo  maxa le finado - A  

buna - good, bela - (in French: belle) beautiful, rapa (rapida) - fast, ruja - red nuva -new (in French: 

nouveau) rika - rich, skalta - high. 

(Konzzerne kal adyektivoy dusilaba finita pe M N R L W Y - (po esemplo: grana - big,

mala -bad) - unu unteda le formoy pli korta: gran, mal, bun. (Il formo eufoniall ta vortoy esta 

somtempe adyektivoy ti adverbivoy!)

Adjectives  must not agree with nouns and they very seldom, when needed, take the plural 

ending -y.

Atento: The Greens (Le Grinay)

In Atlango, adjectives can precede the noun as in English, or follow the noun as in Spanish. 

Thus, I have the blue book - Mi-x le libro blua  - Mi-x le blua libro -  means the same thing.

Adverbivo maxa le finado -E.  

Fare, diste -far away, lenke -slowly, proke -near, close, fore- in front of

And also:  le adverbivoy ”korilativa” finita pe:   -em, -en, ens, -er, -ey.

Infinitivo ti Imperativo maxa le finado -ES

G(AND)ES - GES - to go, GES! -  go!)

estes,  to be,  (short form - for  economy of expression. Like in English. I´m - Mi-s)  

- to be, ES! - Be!

maXes  to have, (short form - for  economy of expression. Like in English. I´ve - Mi-x ) 

-x (from: mAXes ) - to have, to possess. (posides)


Formoy (P: propondata) spesyall: 

Do it! - Feres to! = Fes-t!  

Look at it! - Mires-t!

Eat it! - Yames-t!

She made it - Qi feris-t. Qi fis-t.

I do not know what do you think about it. – Mi ne kuna vom tu pansa pri-t. (pri to)

Have you already done this? – Da tu fis-t? (Da tu feris to? - Da tu yus feri to?)


In Atlango it is possible to make suffixes from special verbs (modal and semi-modal):

dABes   (suffix:  -AB-) - must 

puEDes (suffix:  -ED-) - can 

xULD-es  (P: suffix: -ULD-) - should to…

plUD-es (P:suffix: -UD-) play - game  (but: fun, amusement - plaudo)

prUB-es (P:suffix: -UB-) try 

dEZes   (suffix:  -EZ-)  - want 

trEBes  (suffix:  -EB-) - need

decIMes (suffix:  -IM-- decide 

intEND-es (suffix: -END-) - to intend, to be going to

P: resIBes (suffix:  -IB-)  - to receive, to get 

sOMbles (suffix:  -OM-)  - to seem, simulate (simules, qase f-es algo)


Feres  - to make, to do  F-es to! – Do it!

Shorter:  Fes


BE - bef(er)es, causative prefix: BE+, B+e... ) - to make  (Esperanto suffix: igi)  


SE-f(er)es,  (sestes, komestes) become - prefixSE+  - to make oneself, become (Esp: igxi)


BI  bif(er)es causative prefix: BI+ ) to deprive of, to deprive  (Esp: SEN… igi)


SI  sif(er)es causative  prefixSI+ ) to get rid  (Esp: SEN… igxi)


doktes - to possess knowledge

leses - to learn

instruktes, bedoktes, beleses - to teach

dares - to give

habes - rutine,  to have a habit  (P: prefix:  habe- usually)

kunes - to know,  kun-ED-es - (puedes (po) kunes) - to know how – prefix: KUN-  (kunf(er)es -to 

know how to do)

fales  - to speak  

prines -to take 

vires - to see

mires - to look

askoltes, oltes - to listen

audes - to hear

kyantes  - to sing 

skrites - to write,  (eskrites)

trekes - to pull

pustes - to push

pans(es) - to think

kyades - to fall

tres(es) - to be interested in


Il situenzo vem infinitivo (be)koma sentenzzo mu pueda bepreseqes le infinitivo pel vortikulo: 


Po kyantes lo-s ne fasile - It is not easy to sing.

Po trefedes (puedes trefes) tu,  to-s ma drimo. (dyemdrimo - daydream)

Lo-s ne fasile kyantes.

Mi dezi prines to - I wanted to take it. (Mi prineza to = mi tom prineza.)

Mi konsilu ka tu (po) lektes ta buko. Mi tun konsilu lektes ta buko.


Ye   by, at and  indefinit preposition. (Like ”je” in Esperanto.) ye le = yel

Yestes,  = to be present at, when)

by, at = a.  The house by the river - Le domo yel flumo. Le domo yefluma.

He took her by the hand - Li prinis qi yel hando. (yel hando OR: yehande.)

Glaso di vino to-s glaso plenta ye (di) vino.  (Plentita yevine)

(Also: Glaso plentER vino.)


Vezze ti  ki :

Le matro feris  le rumo (vezze) ye pura. ( Le matro BEpuris le rumo.)

Unu (be)nimis qi (she) (vezze) ye Rozo. 

Conoy titolis li (vezze) ye profesoro, do posem li semontris (tezze) ye simpla instruisto. 

Unu koncidis (betraktis) ta difekto (vezze) ye totye sausigna. 

Hays(es) le rumo (vezze) ye varma!


Da? - interrogative particle. (in Esperanto - Cxu?) Dave? – interr. emphatic.


PRI (about)  QANTERO:

Atento: Q is pronounced as: KF !

how many? Ver (di) pauno tu deza? = Ve grana qanteroM di pauno tu 

deza? = Ver tu deza di pauno?)  Di nutradoy mu-x tere ver mu treba. 



Lom tempoy (tempivoy) ti modoy (modivoy) mu krea pe preseqeso dil verbo pe persona 

pronimo (zamnimo) alte korilativa vortetoy ti toje pe adizzo dil finado tempall alte modall:

PaxIntemo (Estintemo)- I.  Mi gandi, (mi gi) I went, mu (e)skriti -we wrote, lu dormi- they sleep

EstAntemo - A.  Tu fala -you are saying, qi lekta -she is reading

FuturO  (Estontemo) - O.  Tono viro - he, she, it will see



 Completion of action and also sudden and momentary action.  

The perfect aspect (solme yo to-s nezzesa!) formata-s pel finadoy: 

-I+S , -O+S, -U+S  (-S as perfective marker.)  

(But only for Pasintemo, Futuro and Konda modo!)

Mu ne unta le formo perfekta il imperativo ti infinitivo! -ES 

Po esemplo: mi skritiS - I have (already) written,  I had written. Mi

 viriS to - I have seen it,  Mi finos to - I will have finished it.

 Lu komkorsis - They have (already) started to run. Li mortis. – He has (already) died. 

(Atento: Li morti = li esti mortanta. – He was dying.)

-S this perfective marker, we borrow from yus - already.

We can use the word YUS instead of -S !

She has written (already),  Qi skritiS to. Or: Qi YUS skriti to.

Atento: Il modo Imperativa ti Infinitiva) (-ES) le -S esta cem (always) sul fino.


Imperativo -ES  -  ES! = LAS! 

Estes! - es! 

Mu feres to!  Fer!  -Lets (we) do it ! Gandes! Ges!- go! Vyenes! Vyen! - come! 

Ir! - Ir fes! - Let ́s do! Off! 

Foren! For! - Forwards!   Far! Faren! - Away!

Ti yol eufonia situenzo purmesa - mu unteda korta, unesilaba imperativoy:

Dar! (dares!) -  Give!  Mir! - Look! Prin! - Get!  Max! -Have! Var! ( vartes!) -Wait!  Ges! Gandes!

- Ir!  Do it! - Fer!   Fales! Fal! -Say!  Es! Estes! -  Sestes! (Ses!)- Become! Bles! - Bless! (Es blesita! 

- Blesit-es)  Pans! (panses! - Think!) Stop! -Stop! Korses! Kors! -Run!  Kom! - Begin!  Plis far!  

(farges!) - Please, go away.  (Plis) Porfavore, ne ges - Please, do not go. INS! Come in. AUS! Get out!


Interjection - IR!   Ires,  (go!) Like in Esp:  ek!  (Also: chop chop! - without delay - quickly)

Ir! Ires! - Ir fes!  Fes ir! Ir! mu feres! - Let ́s do! Off!


LAS:  (purmeso)

Vezze le imperativo unu pueda untes toje le vorteto: LAS. (Lases!)  

Let him go! - Las(es) li ga (ganda)! Li ges! Las lin ges!  Las ka li ges!

Las mu fera to! -Lets (we) do it ! Las mu ga! - go!) Las to-s te! Las lo-s - Let it be...


KE SOLME alte MEY: (deziro)

You can also use: Ke solme… (if only) or:  Mey… (may)

May you be happy - Ke solme li esta sana. or:  Mey tu-s felica! Mey qi (she) esta sana!

Mey mu viva longem!

May it be!- Ke solme! Mey! Oha-la! (in Spanish: ojalá!


Subyuntiva formo - subjunctive form:

Mi pida, ke li vyenes. – I ask that he comes.

Mi dezira ke tu estos  nu (denuve)  sana (sanida). – I wish you to get healthy again. 

Mi bringis  le buko, po ke tom tu lektes. – I brought the book for you to read.

(Mi kanportis le buko, vam tu lektes.)


In indirect speech Atlango uses "ke …  +es" after verbs such as: want, wish, order, advise, tell

 etc. where English uses the infinitive.

Mi deza ke qi ges ka Fransio  -    I want her to go to France.

Mi ordunis ke li ges heymen    -    I ordered him to go home.


Konda modo (kondivo)

The conditional is formed by: - U   Lu bildu  - They would construct

The conditional perfect is formed by: - US   Lu bildus   - They would have constructed

( If he would run, we would catch him - Yo li korsu(s), mu lim keptu(s).)



MI -  I   

TU- you  (also plural form!)  


TO  - it ,   (This - TA) - person,  (TADO) objects, things

TONO -  persons or similar to person, (TENO - female person, TANO -masculine person).


LO -  dummy subject.


Ho - TONO  (teno ti tano) - she, he  (P: person gender neutral) 

Li - he 

Qi - she  (KFI)


MU -we  

TU -  you  (or if needed: VU - in plural) 

LU - they (TONOY and TADOY (things))


We can use UNU or XE !

UNU- English equivalent for”one” and oneself

 unu - one, (they, some people)

Unu (xe) kuna nem - One never knows. Vreme unu-s (xe-s) dormeza. Suare(m) unu-s (xe-s) tira. 

You don´t have to go - Unu (Xe) ne g-aba. (Unu ne daba g(and)es), That is not known - Unu (Xe) ne 

kuna to. 

(Xe) Unu skrita ve unu pronunsa.

Such houses are not built any more - (Xe) Unu (they, some people) ne plonge(m) bilda tezza domoy, 


Or: Lo (situation, action) ne plongem bilda tezza domoy. ( Lo ne bilda tezza domoy dur.)

XE  - a refleksive pronaun.

XE  is translated: herself, himself, itself, themselves and oneself.

Lu kumbi xe (xe sel)- Lu xe-m kumbi = Lu kumbi xe,  Lu sekumbi  = They brushed their hair. 

But also to show netransitivezzo:  Tyem lo (se+) kambis ma planoy. 

Li lavi le enfo ti posem xe (xe sel(a))  =  He washed the child and then himself.



1.Atento: SE+ is  used like Esperanta ”igx” ! - become, get.

2.Atento: SI+  is  like Esperanta ”igx” but in opposite meaning: depriving yourself of 

something. (se-liberes de… Xem feres sau algo) 

2. Nepersona pronumo: LO ( -impersonal "it", dummy subject, grammatical subject, fact, 


 The dummy pronoun LO:

1. Lo refers to an indeterminate object - to a fact, action or situation rather than to a thing: 

Prin(es) ta pomo, mi dezira lo, Take this apple, I desire it (= I desire you to do so )

2. Lo as an impersonal "it" with adjectives: it's cold - Lo-s kolde (frige)

3. Lo as an impersonal "it" with verbs:

Lo pyuva - it rains - it is raining. (You can also say: se pyuva.)

Lo-s le pena -It ́s five o ́clock

Lo esto Serdo tompe - It will be Wednesday tomorrow.


For euphonious purposes or to avoid misunderstandings between pronouns we can add - e -. 

For  example: mi, qi, li, to = emi, eqi, eli, eto - ti: - mu, lu = emu, - we, elu -they, - exe - self.

We can use these forms in Atlango´s poetry.


sel- sela - self. po esemplo: Tu sel lektes - Lek´ to sel! Read (for) yourself. Mi sela tom feris -I 

have made it myself. (mi feris to sela) sel(e)stansa - independent (sindependa) 

Esemple: Tyem le royo sel(a) virezi to.

Nepersona pronimo: lo, unu, xe (situation, state - when there is no visible subject )

Po esemplo: unu fala - They speak. Algono (unu) pansa - unu pansa - One thinks

Unu fales ve unu deza. - Let people say what they like . (Las unu fal´ ve unu deza. OR: Las xe fal ve 

xe deza)

Tu trompa tu sel! Tu trompa tu xe sel!


Le difinita artiklivo - LE

Le is used before any noun which refers to something or someone that has been mentioned earlier.

Use LE where you could just as well use TA or TRA. 

Untes LE vey tu simple egalbune unteda TA alte TRA.

People for whom use of the article offers difficulties (e.g. speakers of Chinese, Russian, Polish,) may at first elect not to use it at all.

le urbo - the town, 

le Grinay -The Greens

ley Smith, ley Jackson

Article LE are usually dropped in headlines. Esemple: ( ”NUVA KLEUDOY DIL ROYANO.”)

I pronunso, letraturo ti poezio se unta formoy pli korta:

dil alte di-l = di le, del alte de-l = de le, kal -ka le,  po - pol, sul - su le, il = i le, 

sobrel - sobre le, konfe le - konfel… ttp.

di le popolo- dil popol ́, ( dil popol ́) de le domo- del dom ́, (ka le skolo - kal skol ́

El simple ne untes ta artiklivo!   di popol ́, de dom ́

Nedifinita artiklivo ne estenta i Atlango do Tu unteda : un, uno 


Di va? Via? - Whose - VIA

Emfatikivoy  (Le ….  + sta)

ma- my                                             Emfatika:  le … mista, le … mia

mua -our                                     Emfatika:  le … musta

tua - your, yours                         Emfatika:   le  …tusta


vua - your especially for plural   Emfatika ti jentila:   le  … vusta


tona- her, his, its - tada                    Emfatika:  le  … tosta,  le… tia

Also: tia (di to = t-ia                               

(persons, animals and objects)

ha (only persons)                               Emfatika:  le  … hosta,  le… hia


la- his                                               Emfatika:  le  … lista

qa- her                                             Emfatika:  le  … qista

lua -(their)                                  Emfatika:  le  … lusta

(to -this, it)  tia, tada,  - its)

Refleksiva pronimo:  

(e)xa - one`s                                   Emfatika:  le  … xesta

Adyektiva pronimoy:

Atento: Le formo lingvall (le … -a) untatas spareze ti po stilistiko.

This special form in Atlango is used sparingly and for stilistics only!

Po esemplo:

Hi ne intresi (tresi) pril saldatoy xesta (emfatika)

Via to-s domo? ( Also: Via-s le domo? )

To-s le domo mista (emfatika)

Mi fate ne kuna via to-s kulpo.

Ta, vi (va) jola pri algia desfelico (P: mofelico), ne restos sau puno.

I Atlango: To-s alga innuvado, pri via acepto unu daba rensekonsiles.

(In Esperanto: Ĝi estas ia ennovaĵo, pri kies akceptado oni devas konsiliĝi.)

Deklino di subestansivoy:

Genetivo: di - le lango di le (dil) totya hominero - the language of the whole humanity.

Esemplo: Le skyelo esta di blua koloro. 

Dativo: ka  (kan+) le purto - to the harbour

Lo-s toje tezza dativa formoy korta: ka mi - min, ka tu- tun, ka li- lin, etc.

Esemplo: Vol, (So) dares to ka mi! - Vol, dar´ to min! - Well now, give it to me!

Sing it for me - Kyant(es) min to. (Kyantes to po mi)

Atento: Mu toje bekorteda Ka aste k´.  Exemplo: Mi dezira ka tu le somo. = Mi dezira k tu le somo. 

Dar to ka mi! = Dar to k mi. Li seproki ka mu = Li seproki k mu.  Come to me! - Vyen k mi! 

(Prounanced as: ktu, kmi, kli, kmu, (as in Russian))

Akusativo:  -m, lom (We use this only when object precedes subject)

Mi vira le domo, - or: (inverted sentence structure: - mi le domom vira - or: Lom le domo mi 


Autom mi kofis   - or: Lom auto mi kofis. A car bought I. Mi ama tu - I love you. 

Or: Tum (e)mi ama. (Lom Tu mi ama)

Li skrita (in)tresanta nuveloy, - or: (inverted sentence structure: - Lom (in)tresanta nuveloy li skrita.

I alga okazo (plurivo!)  xe unteda akuzativa partikulo - lom

Yakto lom drakoy - hunting for drakes. (Yakto kontre drakoy. Yakto a drakoy. Yakto po drakoy.)

Mi ama tu, ne ta tano (mano). I love you, not that man. (That man does not love you)

Mi ama tu, ne tam tano. (Ne lom ta tano) I love you. (I do not love that man.)

Direction: (Diro, dirento)

You can use: le korilativa vortuleto -EN to show MOTION TOWARDS: 

Let’s go to the house - Mu ges (gandes) kal domo. OR: Mu ges domEN. Inges! - Come in!  

ATENTO: (In this case do not use ” le ”!) 

Put it outside the house -Pondes to ansen. (Pon ́ to ans(en - ey)!) 

Put it there - Pon to tren.

Vokativo: (He!) (hello man! - he, homino! )

Vokativoy Atlanga. Interjections:

Well!  well now! - Vol! Nu bun! O-key!

ahoy!   - He-hoy! He! 

alas! alack!  - He-las!  He-lak!  Vanide! Mal! Malmale!

hello!  - He-lo! Saluto! He! Hay, Hey!

WoW! - He-la!  Wau!

Lo-s makse importa pronimoy:

1. Le pronimoy untita za subestansivoy: - o  (Pos lu freqe lo seqa alga verbo)


vi? - who? which, ( relative for person!) algono -someone, tono -this person, trono-that 

person, cono -everybody. nono -nobody

Some  (indeterminate) - Nalga, Nalgono. 

Akusativo:  Lom vi, vim

Vi-s tey?: who is there?

Pluriva formo:

Tonoy, tronoy, conoy, algonoy, nonoy


vo? -what? (relative for things!) algo - something, to -this, tro -that, co -all, no - nothing 

Vo to esta? (Vo-s to?)What is this? Vo eventis? -What has happened?  Vo eventos? -What will 


Akusativo: Lom vo, vom

To (lo) eventos. - It will happen.

Pluriva formo yo to-s nezzesa:

 toy, troy, coy, algoy, noy (nadoy)

Akusativo: Lom 

We can also use more eufonious and emphatic form:  vado? -what a thing? tado - that thing, 

nado - no thing,  cado - everything, all


Atento: Le prenimo Lo (dummy subject) preseqa verboy i renverta ordino:

There is a mistery island. Lo-s alga misteria islo. (P: L-esta alga…)

2. Le pronimoy adyektiva ti distributiva: -a

va? -who, which, which one? (also relative for both person and things) alga -some, any, certain, ta -

this one  tra -that one, ca - each, every (distributive), na - nothing

va: (relative and interrogative pronoun; acc. vam) who, what, which (qi - person) 

va mano vyenis: which man came? va kloko esta: what time is it? (or, what is the hour?); la pluvo va  kyadis: the rain which fell; le libro vam mi daris ka tu: the book which I gave you; le pueno vim mi ama: the girl whom I love; va ga tey  (milit.) who goes there? 

vo: (acc. vom): what, which (thing, fact); (Note: The forms vo, vom are also used adjectively when referring to other pronouns ending in -o; as, to vo, co vo, totyo vo, na vovo used as an interrogative refers to something indefinite; as, vo eventis? what happened; vo-s pli buna: which (thing) is better? vom li fali?: what did he say? vo! da (lo-s) verdo?: what! is it true? vom (mi daba) feres , vom mi feraba? vom mi feraxa? what is to be done? (used adjectively) prin to vom tu deza: take what you will. Vay  (pl. form of va and vo) who, what, which; vay paroli: who (plural) spoke? le personoy vay (vi) paroli: the persons who spoke; tay vim mi ama: those whom I love. 

Pluriva formo:

vay?  tay, tray, cay, algay, nay

Va evento? -What a event? Ta evento - This event. Va to esta? (Va to-s?, Va-s to? -Which is it?

Conoy (collectively) paroli ti ca (distributively) i sa lango. - Everyone spoke and each in his own

 language. Or: Conoy paroli ti (mo) cono i xa lango.

Demonstrative: to, tono, ta, tra (this, that, this one)


Formoy spesyall: 

Le matro di ma amiko, vil matro...     My friend's mother, who ... 

Le matro di ma amiko, vil amiko...    The mother of my friend, who  ...



Le qalitezza pronimoy adyektiva: -ezza

vezza?-what kind? algezza-some kind of, tezza-such a, cezza -every kind of,  in this way - te, ta-

mode, in such a way: tezze, tezzemode.

Atlanga korilativoy (pri situenzo ti tempo): e, ey, em, er, en, el 

MODEO (modo) manner - E  

VE? -how , ALGE - samehow, TE - in this way, TRE - in that way, CE - in every way, NE - no, in no

 way ( ne = neu!, Oh ne!)

LOKEYO place - ey (-eye) 

VEY? - where? ALGEY - somewhere, TEY - here, TREY - there, CEY- everywhere, NEY - nowhere.

TEMPO  time - em   (-eme) 

VEM? - When? ALGEM -anytime, TEM - now (tyem(e)), TREM - then,  do, CEM -always, NEM - 


QANTERO quantity, group,- er  (-ere)

VER? - How much? ALGER - some quantity,  TER - so many,  TRER ---, CER - the whole quantity, 

NER - none.

DIRENTO direction - EN  (-ene)

VEN? - Where to? ALGEN - somewhere (to), TEN - in this direction, TREN- in that direction, 

CEN - in all directions, NEN - in no direction.


KAUENSO cause  - ENS (-ense)

VENS?       Vakauense?  po vo?  Why? 

ALGENS   Algakauense for some reason, 

TENS         Takauense - po to, ke...    so, for this, 

TRENS      Trakauense - for that reason, 

CENS         Cakauense -  po co,  for every reason, 

NENS         Nakauense  - po no,  for no reason.


POSSESION (posido, maxo)  - ia

VIA? - whose? (person and things) ALGIA - someone’s,  TIA - this one’s,  TRIA - that 

one’s, CIA - everyone’s,  NIA - nobody’s.

V-alga -whichever , valgo, valgado -whatever, valgono - whoever, valgem -whatever time, valgia -

anyone’s,  ce - ca-mode, in every way, however, nevertheless

VANYe? - In which year? Canye - every year. Tanye - this year, Tranye - last year. (pasintanye)


Le korilativa vortetoy ”ey”(lokeyo) ti ”er”(qantero - ilość, zbiór) funka vezze saudependa sufikso 

ti prineda le finado -o


kuqeyo - kitchen

hominero - humankind, humanity

Le korilativo ”em” esta le sufikso "hala" ti so lo estaba prezentita il vortero!

Esemplo: estontemo - future (futuro), adolescence - jovemo. (Me ne:  problemo! Better to say: 

problemato, problo.)

(Pli grana tabelo dil korilativoy esta sul advepagino KORILATIVOY.) 


Spesya korilativorto  ZZe -

zze – akurate ti presye - exactly (as to the …) 

zzey – exactly in this place - akuratey, very near to… (molte prokey)

zzer – exactly as much - akurater

zzem – exactly in this time, on time, punctually (bunem, zze-tempe) - akuratem

- as to the fraction of a second. - Zzem le frakso di sekundo 

zzen – exactly in this direction - akuraten


Pli molte pri rilata proniumo: 

1. P: Rilata pronimo:  VA - VAM  ( va le = val)

va, vo+m, va+m, ve, te,  - who, which, that, like, just


Li pinti ve verda pintisto.  She painted like a real painter.

Yohano (Djon) nauda ve  fixo.   John swims like a fish.


Adamo esta te  grana ve Nilso.  Adam is as big as Nils.


Ges ka li vi-s (va-s) trey, ti frages li pril voyo.  Go to him who is over there, and ask him for the way.



A  or  Vezze - describes job, function, role

Hi labori vezze (ki) instruisto.  He worked, as a teacher.

A (vezze) programisto li ne suksidis.    As a programmer he had no success.


Le televistoro, vam mi kofis, esta molte buna.      The TV set, which I bought, is very good. 

Lom homino vim tu viri timpe, tu trefeda (pueda trefes) tampe.

or: Le homino virita-s pe tu timpe,  trefedata-s pe tu tampe.  


Boke (Tens ke) elektro brekis (sembrekis), lu ne kuktedi kafo. As the power went, they could not 

cook coffee.

Ve (solme, akuratem) mu entris le dezerto, le aqo finis.     Just as we walked into the desert, the 

water went out.

Ve zzem (Vem zze) pludo finis, lo kompyuvis.              Just as the game ended, it started raining.

Vem(e) mi sorti (desentri, P: moentri, deng(and)i), (so) le mobijo (fonijo) fonis.      As I was leaving, the phone rang.

Le rezulto n-esti te mala ve  mi esperi. The results were not as bad as I had expected.


Vezze mi lengi!       As I've longed!

Vezze qi bristi tu!    As she has missed you!

Te kortem ve eble   As soon as possible. (Swedish: Så snart som möjligt)


2. The relative possessive adjective is:  VIA

Mi helpezi kal pueno via ( di va) ombrelo kleptita-s.  I wanted to help the girl whose umbrella got 


Le enfoy via kristnaska giftoy rompita-s sestis trista. (setristis.) The children whose Christmas 

presents got broken became sad.


3. Korilativa rilata pronimo:  VA -which, which one, who 

Va homino esta makse (le plu) proke(y)? Which man is nearest ?

Le homino, va trey stara - That man, who is standing there.

Va libro esta intresanta, betresanta? - Which one (of these) books is interesting?

Ta, va-x  molte piktadoy. -This one, which has many pictures. 

She´s the person which I love - Qi-s le persono vam mi ama.  

Or: Qi-s le persono lom va mi ama. )


so -so, then

Tem , vem - Tem, so… / Tem, ve.../

tyem, tyeme - now

un, una, uno -(alga, algono) - one, certain

Otra vortoy importa:

 Tezzo! Tey-s... - voila! (Vo-la!) 

volte... volte... Alterne alga situenzo ti otra, alga evento ti otra: volte marxante, volte korsante li

vyenis kal domo. Volte ti voltenow and again, Tey-s (Tezzo-s) ma dokumentoy di asekuro.  Here are 

my insurance documents. 

Da? (Also:  Dave?) - interrogative particle ( in Esperanto: cxu?)

yes -yes

(yese - indeed)

ne, (neu, neu-) - no, not  (in no way - na-mode)  

mol, molte - very

molte, molter - many

Prefixes and prepositions:

Nek(e) - neke… neke…  - nor,  neither … nor.  Mi neke  fuma neke  (mi) unta 


Neke  timpe neke  tampe mi resibis brifo. ( brifibis - bemaxis brifo)

preske, nepreske - (ne totye, ne totyagrade) not completely, not wholly

te - so (in this way- ta-mode)

ti -  and  

toje (je) - also, too (je le = jel) ALSO:  toje-s, jes-s,  jestes – toje estes.

kan+ (as PREFIX) to,  ka - to (as PREPOSITON)  (ka le = kal) to the...

pri, (sobre - sobrilates) - about (pri le = pril, prilate...) Lo temata … To fala pri..., to fala sobre… 

pri, (prilate ka) relating to  (-all, -arr)

po, (po ke) , por+ (as PREFIX), in order to (po le = pol)

pe,  per+   by (moyo)

sau, without  ( bi- , (be+sau!) in Esperanto: sin...igi )) ( si- , (si+sau!) in Esperanto: sin...igxi ))

aste -till, until (aste le = astel, astem, astey)

di -(also follows expressions of quantity, weight, mesure.) (plier) pli di aqo - more water, plenta di 


au - created by (AUthor = AUtoro)  (verke di)  perAUtore: Atlango au R A Antonius

farde, farden+  from  FAR+DE

irde, fardem, P: dem - since (in Esperanto: ekde)  IR-DE

de, den+ - out of, (de le = del)

de, den+ from, also: of, ferita de, kreita de ( krugo de metalo)  also: krugo metall, krugo denmetala,

Verb:  be-denes, denges

i , in+   in (i le = il)

––––– YE:

ye (as indef.prepn. like in Esperanto - je) To-s plenta ye aqo. (Also: To-s plenta di aqo.) 

ye (ye+) at, by, nearby, very near -  P: yey   

ye (kanye, prilate ka)  - than (in Esperanto: ol


kortem - soon 

pre, antey - before, in front of (fronte di)

pre, antem - before in time 

akurate, zze - just

akuratem pas, zzem pas - just a moment ago

pos, pose, posem, pos tem (in time) -after (desfronte di- mofronte, posey)  bakem - back in time

enke- still, yet

nuve, denuve, re - again

re, deNUve  P: remode - again, once again, (enkevolte, renvolte)  de komo - denkome. 

(Esemplo: To nu esta tey. - It is here again.)

rapte, rapta - suddenly - (Esemplo: suddenly he sow - Hi rapte viris, P: zze viris)


tempo - time

tampe - today

timpe  - yesterday (timpadyeme)

tompe - tomorrow


Seasons of the year:

spring - (e)springo, springEMo 

summer - verno, vernEMo

autumn, fall - otuno, otunEMo 

winter - vintro, vintrEMo


Bun, vol! Nu! - well now  (in Esperanto: Nu! ) (Vole! Nu!)

Esemple: Nu, vires, da lo (to) ne-s te? Nu, far ko tu! Nu, dyablo tum prines! Nu, da tu-s pronta?

Nu bune. Nu vol!

yo - if   

yus - already  

ya - (emphatic particle) indeed. Ya mi gis  (gandis) - I did go.  

fate - efektive - indeed - certe, (verde, porverde, verdefate) 

zze - just

zzem - just now, (akuratem,  zze tyem) 

tuy - bliksem - immediately

prekortem, antekortem, kortem pas  (a moment ago) - antem

zzey - just here

inte, inter+,  between

ke  -for, that

solme -only

do - but 

ambe- both

otra - another

zora, zore   difficult

zor (zor+) -(preske) konpenge, konzore, yezore,  -  barely 

bo, po to ke, takause ke, tens ke,  P: boke -  because of

pro - beacause of (in Esperanto - pro)

alte - or

ko, kon+, - with, together (kone ko) Verb:  bekones, sekones

dis(+e) -dispersal, separation. Verb:  bedises, sedises

sub(+e) -under    Verb:  besubes, sesubes

pa -(par+, pare+) through, even: pare - throughout

Verb:  bepares, separes 

pem - during, while  ( interem, inem, parem, porem) 

pluke -too much  ( super-)  Verb:  beplukes

trans(+e) - behind, to the other side   Verb:  betranses, setranses, transeves


aus - (aus+) OUTside, beyond, ause - ausey -outside, go outside -gi ausen, aus-en-g-es, 

(auses) sort-es,  ausem - out of time, abroad - auslande

ins - (ins+) INside - in the middle - inse - insey, insenges - inges (entres)


centre - inside   Verb:  centr-es, becentr-es, samcentr-es

su, sur+, (su le = sul) - on    Verb:  sur-es, besures, sesures

molte, molter - a lot of, much,  molte  P: mol = very,   very much = molmolte, moltode, granmolte

pokte - a few (a small number of)  

mikre - (desmolte, momolte, mikrer) (adv.) - little  Verb:  bemikres, semikres

plus, pluse ( otraparte, sobre to, pluse to, adve, adve to) - moreover, except, apart from

pokta -some,  - pokte, pokter, pokto di...

prefe - rather

za, zam+, zame, -instead  Za riposes, li labori. Za g(and)es heymen, qi g(and)is kafeyen. 

P: xley -in different places

raptem - suddenly, (raptyem), (raptey - very near)

rape, raptem, sobe -  suddenly

blikse,  tuy -  immediately, Bliks! Tuy!

bliksey - very near (in place) -  tuy a, tuy ka

far - away (fare)  Far!

centre(y) - within

vezze, ve (qase) - as , as if,  

qase   Verb:  be-qases

doke - however.  (To-s verdo, doke ), Lo pyuva, doke mu gos pol promento. 

trozze - although (yanke - anke yo)


as (being)  VEZZE or YE (as an expert she knows = vezze spertisto qi kuna. 

Qi vezze (YE) prezidento elektis li po sekretaryano. Qi trakti li a venkinto. 

Or:  vezze - as (being) to be, in the character, quality of.  Vezze ( ye) esemplo, yesemple - as being 

an example.

              Mi, vezze (ye) prezidento, elektis li (po)ye Viceprezidento. 



Po eufonio mu unteda "e" sul fino alte le (altel) komo di tezza vortoy:

 Po esemplo: pas - pase, pos - pose,  skuses - eskuses


Pokta importa verb(iv)oy:

answer (reply)  reples, Reples ma fragoy!  P: respundes

appear - aperes

appear (look) - aspektes

appear as (seem) - sombles 

arrive - arives,  (come) vyenes

ask (question) - frages

be -estes,  -s

born be- naskes, (to give a birth -bortes)

bring  - bringes, adveportes, kanportes, P: feces

build  - bildes, konstrues.

buy  - kofes, xopes

concern  (relate to) - konzzernes, pri,  (prilates to) tomprelate,  rilates pe, ka

congratulate - grates, kongrates 

continue - kontin-es, par(em)-es, 

cook - kuktes, 

desire dezires

disappear - desaperes , P: farperes, moaperes

drink - drinkes

eat  -yames, -YAMo (breakfest = vremyamo (primyamo), dinner = dyamo, dyemyamo, supper = 


fly - fliges

give - dares 

greet - salutes

intend (going to) - intendes , -END-ga, gi, go,  (I am going to watch this film - Mi ga mires ta filmo. 

I was going to watch this film - Mi gi… or: Mi mirENDi ta filmo.)

kiss -kyuses 

know (be acquainted with) - kunes, kuneses

know (by learning) - kunes (kunABes)

lead (guide) - gvides

let - les, leses 

like - kyeres

listen - (ask)oltes

love - ames

look at - mires

make (something) feres,  BE+

need  trebes   -EB-. Po esemplo: Ne dankEBe = Lo ne-s trebo (po) dankes.

be necessary - estes nezzesa

pray (communicate with God) - prektes.

prefer - prefires.

prepare - prepares

propose - propondes

put (on something) - pondes, plases = (be)lokes 

save (from danger) - salves

save (on computer) - sav-es , seyves )

say -fales

search for - xerkes, zokes

smile - smiles

guard - gardes

happen - eventes -evento

have - maxes -x 

hear - audes 

help - helpes, aydes

hold - holdes, kontyenes, inmaxes

hope - esperes

joke - jokes

keep - tyenes, holdes

stand, be - stares, stanses

take - prines

talk (able to speak a language) langes, paroles

talk (conversation – loqo)  konverzes, loqes, interloqo, interparoles, rensefalo

tell (say) - fales

tell a story - kentes

thank - dankes

try -  prubes, -UB- proofread - lektub

use - untes

want - dezes, -EZ-

watch on - spektes

work - labores

understand -  kapes, kunprines




0 -nol(o) (zero) 1 un(o)    2 du    3 trin    4 qar    5 pen    6 seu   7 zem    8 ok    9 nin  10 dest(o) 

 ( dest- ) or ( deSt  -S- )

11 desto -un (UNSO (-S- )), 12 desto -du (DUSO), 13 desto-trin (TRINSO), 14 desto-qar

(QARSO), 15 desto-pen (PENSO) 16 desto-seu (SEUSO), 17 desto-zem (ZEMSO), 

18 desto-ok (OKSO), 19 desto-nin (NINSO)  

pokte-S-anya,  es-anya -, desto-anya ... teen years old

dozen = DUSO

( -desT-  or:  -T-) 

duto -20, trinto -30, qarto -40 pento -50 seuto -60  zemto -70 okto - 80 (ok(e)desto) ninto -90


du(des)to-20, trindesto-30, qardesto-40, pendesto-50, seudesto -60, zemdesto -70 ok(e)desto

- 80, nindesto -90    22 - dudesto-du, 33 - trindesto-trin ….

cento - 100  

centemo = zerzeremo (..00 centanyo)

mil(o), (tauzento) - 1000, 

miliongo -1 000 000  

miliardo- 1 000 000 000

1947 - mil nincento qarto zem. (un bin qar zem, ninso-qarto zem))

1968 - mil nincento seuto ok (desto-nin seudesto-ok) (ninSo seuToOk) 

2002 - dumilo du

2013 - dumilo trinsa (duto trins(o))

2017 - dumilo zemso

2018 - dumilo oks(o) 

As in English, numbers may be given out by naming the digits only: 

2018 - du nul(zero) un ok

1300 - un trin zer-zero

Adyektivoy numerall:

-esm- or -a  first - unesma, una (prima), the 8th -okesma, the 80th -le oktesma alte le 

okedestesma, the12th -le dusa, le dusesma

(Qesmo - order, succesion)

Multiple: -opl-

duople -double , qarople -fourfold

Collective numeral: -er, (-all) 

unere, unall,  - one by one, qarero -quartet, vezze-l duero = duall  

-  i grupo di du. By twos, in pairs. (vezze pyaroy, pyar-mode) tausere, taus(ent)all, by thousands, qarere, qarall 

- by fours.

be-okeres, to form into groups of eight.

Le PENERO (peno) di musikantoy pludi il salongo. 

Distributives: - PO(r) - at the rate of, so many at a time. 

Po un(e), (porune) po due, (pordue) po trine, po qare, po pene, po seue, po zeme, po oke, po nie, po 

deste. (pordeste)

lu drinki po un glaso -they drank one glass each 

mi lekti le buko i ca dyemo po qar ( [porqare) paginoy. 

Le drapo kosti po 2 dolaroy pormetre.

Lu (res)ibis  po pen pomoy. = Lu (res)ibis 5 pomoy po ca. = Ca de lu ibis  5 pomoy.

1. Mu vehi po pento (porpendeste) kilometroy ca dyemo.

3. Mu vehi pento di kliometroy ca-dyeme.


-parto -(e)frakso alte: -f- 

dufrakso (halo) -half, 1/2,(dufo)

trinfrakso 1/3 (trinfo) , qarefrakso 1/4 (qarfo), seufrakso - sixth 1/6 (seufo), 1/10 destofrakso

 = destofo, centefrakso 1/100 (centofo), 3/4 trin-qarfo, 5/6 pen-seufo

Numbers can take an adverbial ending:

due- secondly; 

trine, qare, pene, seue, zeme, oke, nine, deste...

Aritmetika kalkoloy:

Adizzo: (Addition) 12 + 10 = 22 desto-du plus(e) (P: adve) desto  esta  duto-du 

Subetraho: (subtraction) 21 - 3 = 18 duto-un minus(e)  trin esta  desto-ok

Moltopliko:  (molteso, bemolteso - multiplication) 3 x 8 = 24 trin ople ok,  alte trin moltata 

pe ok, esta  duto-qar, trin volte ok esta duto-qar.

Divideso: (division) 69 : 3 = 23 seuto-nin su (dividita pe, (pa) ) trin esta (egala) duto-trin

a2 = a qadra (qadrata) o a2 = a i duesma potenzzo


Qalemes, Qalklokes - to measure time

Va-s kloko? Vakloke? Vera kloko tyem esta?  Ver-s kloko?

What time is it? 

Lo-s le trina. Lo-s le trinesma. Lo-s (le) trin-kloko  (P:  Lo-s (le) trinklo)

A vera kloko lo ariva le trayno? Qakloke?

Ma trayno ariva, farga (denpuarta) al (a le) zema. Or:  al zemesma. Or: al zem. - My train leaves at 


06:05 = seu klokoy (ti) pen (minutoy), 06:25 = seu klokoy duto pen

07:30 = zem klokoy ti dufo. (ti hal(o)

01:15 = un kloko ti qarfo. ( penso minutoy pos le una. Qarfo pos le una.)

02:45 = du klokoy ti trin qarfoy. Qarfo kal trina. 

For ”half past” use: ti dufo or ti halo.

4 o´clock and a half (hour) - Qar klokoy ti dufo.

Le okesma antemeridye -  Eight a.m.

Le okesma posmeridye  -  Eight p. m.

Po esprives  paremo (duremo), se unta:  (fardem) IRDE ...  aste: Mi dormi (fardel) irdel un(a, -esma) 

astel seu (-a, -esma). Mi dormi pa (parem) pen klokoy. 

"Le" untatas cem po indikes kloko:  Tyem lo-s le qara. Le trayno farga a desto minutoy 

antem le oka. 

P: Be on time - VyenIVLes kal tempo. VyenIVLes preksem. 

qal+em+ijo = krono+metro



volto time (in counting); occasion (repetition); turn (in series); singlavolte, cavolte every time (that), all the time, whenever; moltavolte:  many times, often (when), repeatedly; vermolte: how many times; poktavolte: sometimes; lo-s ma volto,  it is my turn; mi vira qi du-volte, il monato: I see her twice a month. 

Exemplo: Hi  bemoda (modifa), xa voco, ti parola volte skalte volte dulte.

volto - occasion

volte- once

irvolte -  immediately, unexpectedly  (tuy)

voltem - sometimes

algavolte - sometimes

cavolte -at all times, always

tavolte - at that time

enkevolte - once more

cavolte vem - when ever

duvolte - twice

renvolte - once again

adevolte - in addiction





adve - in addition. adizze,  adves, adizzes, advedares - to add  P: advesto

bau - (bauaga = from: balagan = bedlam, chaos, disorder)  bauferes - to make a mess,  P: bauesto

be- ( betrakt-es) As prefix with nouns and verbs. To treat (by) or supply with, provide with.

 - besemines - sow (a field) Used to mean that someone  or something is treated in a particular way. 

To coronate - be-krun-es ( like in Dutch: bekroning) bekruneso, bewail - bepyores,  bepanses - 

reflect, bekolor-es,  bekoloreso .  P: Besto

Important:   be is used like ”ig” in Esperanto. Mi bexarpa ma kutijo. I make my knife sharp.

1. to couse to be. 2. Makes transitive verbs of intransitive.

bi- ( deprive, take away) Spesyala prefikso kaus(ens)ativa ko signifo: deprive, to take away, make 

without, make opposite  - BIebles = be-des-ebl-es! P: Be-Mo-ebles!

Important:   bi is used like opposite to ”ig” in Esperanto  (sen…igi)  Mi bixarpa ma kutijo. I 

make my knife blunt.  P: Bisto

cirke - about (around) cirke, cirkey, cirke-mires, cirkeges, cirkegandes.  P: cirkesto

cir -  by (movement) evites - avoid), Verb: evites, becir-es, cirveh-es,  Es:  li cirgis li cirke.  

P: Ciresto

(e)skum - (skummode) in suspect way, secretive, not right. To creep down - skumges,  (e)skum-pides,  


farde, far+  -  from  far(den)ges -  to leave, sort-es, Far+  farges

de, den- out of.  denges - to go out (desentres) sort-es de...

dis(e) - shows separation. disen-ges - to go in different directions, dise(n)voyo -road-fork

dra -  danger,  dangerous (dranjera).  P: drasto

eu- (also: bun-)  nice, positive, pleasant, cosy -  eulekta (eulektebla), cosy- euheyma, 

euaspekta - good-looking, bunaspekta.  P: eu(e)sto

far-  (away!)  means removing, disappearing, distance. farges - to go away, to leave, 

 faresto - absence, farveh-es - drive away

fel-  mis-, mistaken, ill, wrong, incorrectly or negating. (mal-, eror-) felaudes, felmontajes, felado

freqe- frequently, (freqe) freqeges, freqevizites - frequently visit. (sometimes) (P: -empe!)

fuy - moraly bad, shamefull, corrupt, dirty - fuyvorto - a bad word, fuyfama - infamous, fuyaca - 

”thoroughly evil” fuyfales - to curse, swear.  Fuy(t)ono - an evil person, fuy(t)eno - slut, loose woman

gau - (from: gawky) gaua , plumpa. Gau-tono, gau-fal-es, gau-mir-es.  P: Gau(e)sto

gran - intensive or emphatic (for verbs) or augmentative for verbs: granpides -beseech, granprezzes- 

appreciate, appraise, grantokes - granfales - to speak intensively or with emphase.

ger- used with the plural to indicate both sexes together - mother and father - (ger)parentoy 

 ger- ”both sexes” -gerdokteyo (school) go to bed with sy. - gerkames 

hal- (half) marks also relative by marriage. (in-law- halparenta), halfrato 

halsurelo - sister in low, halfilo - son-in-law, haldotro -daughter-in-low.

in -  inges = entr-es, centr-es, invazo = inrush

kan-  kanges -to approach, kanvyenes = to arrive. (arives)

kom- to start something - li komdikis - he has already started speaking. Li kompludis - He has 

already started to play. ( Li yus komi pludes)

MO -, (des-opposite: MO “le rekte kontra ideo”. MO esta untebla solme ye vortoy, 

po va  lo estenta rekta kontrezzo. MO kamba le signifo di tezza vorto kal rekta kontrezzo.

deskovres (mokovres) - discover, desavantajo (moavantajo) -disavantage, mobuna - bad, mobela - 

ugly, mograna - small. P: mosto        

per - to achieve something through - perfortes - to violate, to force

plonge-  (plilongem = plongem) further, still, longer in time. Holdes (rentyenes) -retain, (Retain your 

ticket, please. (Plis) Porfavore, plongeholdes Tua bilyeto. (Holdes tua bilyeto plongem.) Mi amo tu 

plongem astel morto.

P:  ker- to make something very carefully - kere, kertraktes - treat with tenderness

pron -  (indicates a tendency toward what the root expresses, incline - inklino = disposition, 

tendency - tendezo,  kyero ka... ES: tolkative= pronfala (fal-am-a), understanding = pronkapa 

rens(e)- reciprocally,  renseproke: RENS-ames - to love each other, rensevites - to avoid 

each other , rens(e)konsiles

ru - rupta (broken, ruined, spoiled, damaged) seruin-es, rukleudoy - damaged clothing 


qal- means investigation, exploration, valuation, testing, study, checking, to ask about.

 For example: weigh - qal-vektes (vektomyeres) qalmyeres algo - to measure something. 

Qallonges - measure the length. Qalverdes - investigate the truth.  Qalmondes - esplores mondo. 

Qalatlanges - study about Atlango


bon- kinship by a second marriage:   bon-matro, bon-patro, bon-filo (halfilo)

zor- barely, difficult, zorgandes -  move with effort, hardly, barely.

 (Atento: not soft = harda. Not easy, difficult = zora, konzore = desfasile



-abl-  capability: nemortabla - immortal, an instructive book - instruabla buko (instruara)

-ac-  disparagement: domaco - hovel, skritaces -to scrawl, popolaco - mob, t-on-ac-o -wretch 

(tono -this person)

-ad-  thing, something made of...: nuvado -a novelty, vajado, vajyamado -beef ), sokrado -a 


-ag-  act, behave - konages - cooperate, renages -(renaktes) -react, ageso, agandeso - action(s)

-ala-, -all, -arr  it denotes: relating to, appropriate to, pertaining to: roy-o - king -royala 

-royall, naturala

P: -alg- with some irony and even slang. ALG-es - to dupe, to trick. Pend-alg-es - dangle. Fal-

alg-es - murmur. Homin-alg-o - prowler.

-augino -augo - pain - headache- kepaugino, (mi kepaugina), mi aug(in)a (a, da) - I have a pain... 

 -emp-   from time to time  - pyorempes - cry, weep sometimes. ( Hi vizitempis mu - He visited us a 

great deal.  He continually paid visits.) P: empes = to continue !  

-ary-  person who take care of something, occupied with something, who like 

something: sekretaryo -sekretary, bofaryo -kowboy (kawboyo = aryo di bofo), komisaryo (eno) -

commissar, farmer - farmaryo (farmisto) aryumes - to be occupied with.

-atery- (more industrial and professional, factory.) oservateryo, sanateryo, baqateryo

-ayno-  a holder, sheath for the object described by the root: suord-ayno, pyed-ayno

-enzo  situENZo - situation  Es: okupenzo - occupation. Amenzo, sanenzo, malenzo

-ery - manufacture or a shop. baqeryo -bakery, kaferyo (kafeyo) -cafeteria, 

(administration) administ-eryo

-es+o  action. verbal noun.  pafeso – shooting, korseso - running, (ask)olteso - listening,  faleso - 


-estr- chief, head: urbestro  = (town) mayor; postestro = postmaster; navyestro  

(ship's) captain. 

-et - little, diminutive: -homineto -little man , dormetes -to doze (also used for to make an 

intimate form)

-ex- portion, piece of , element, fragment:  aqexo - portion of water (some water) snovexo - a 

portion of snow, terdexo  - a portion of ground

-ezz-   abstract nouns: (-ness; -ity; -ship; -hood)  belezzo - (byuto) beauty, blankezzo- 

whiteness Also: with the meaning: simila:  enfezza konduto = enfosimila konduto, argila terdo (terdo 

de argilo) - argilezza terdo.

-ikul-  a very small particle of a whole: partikulo, aqikulo -drop of water, snovikulo -

snowflake, pyuvikulo -rain drop,  paunikulo – a crumb of a bread

-iny -  the suffix -iny- (for males and for females) make from the root an intimate 

form. (But also -et-) Yohano - Yohinyo, (also Yohaneto) patrinyo – dad, matrinyo – mum,

a shorter forms: p-inyo, m-inyo (papo, mamo)

frato – brother, herminyo – little brother (frateto, fratinyo, h-inyo, fr-inyo) or little sister (sureleto, 

surelinyo, sur-inyo)

-ist-, -alist- person habitualy occupied with something, proffesional, enthusiastic 

amateur, adherent.  polisisto -policeman (or woman), atlangisto -atlangist, laboristo -worker

(After ”i, y” - alist - nasiALISTo, P: nasi-aryo)

-itiso -  denote inflammation of an organ - (larynx - larinkso) larinksitiso - laryngitis 

-uy-   bokso, hod otra intyenijo. Container, receptacle, bokso, kapso, doso  (even book) 

cindruyo notuyo -notebook (kayerno) 



-ona person, animal or a thing with personal qualities: fripono -rascal , mentinono -liar, 

skyelskrapono - skyscraper. trinmastono - three masted ship       

Also a member - sozzi-ono, tim-ono

 Also a tree: - puarono -pear-tree (puar-arbo), pomono -appletree

-an Tano, male person /animal also male member or inhibitant, adherent

             hermano - (frato) brather, Europano, Amerikano, Kristano - Christian

-en- Teno, femENo, famale person /animal also famale member or inhibitant, adherent,  hermeno - 

(surelo) sister, kaveleno -mare, Europeno

-ofono  -speaker of a language (Atlangofono, Hispanofono, Germanofono)

-yano - husband, meryano, po esemplo: a husband of a princess - prinsesyano. 

-yeno - wife, meryeno, po esemplo: meryeno di geralo - geralyeno


-od -  augmentative: granoda = mega, - domodo - a big house, bunoda -excellent, pidodes = 

beseech.  Also for verbs: flamodes - ablaze

Another form: (Typical in Atlango) molmolte, grangrane, skalskalte, belbele, lonlonge, raprape, proxproxe

-ozyo - disease - tuberkulozyo, nervozyo 

-yosa -rich in, abundant,   pyuv-yosa -rainy. (maxanta, rika a (ko) pyuvo)

-um- 1. kemia elementoy (le subestanzzoy fundamentall va bilda le Universo.)

Hidrogen - Hidrogenumo , Lithium - Litiumo, Helium - Heliumo. gold - auriumo, goldumo

2. a componet or constituent of a whole. Ingredients . - umoy - kekumoy -ingredients of a cake

3. P: a natural habitat, sphere of activity, environment. (P: aqio?) - Aqo esta elemento po fixoy. 


4. Le sufikso um ne-x difinita signo. Pe to (perte) xe fera vortoy, va maxa alga rilato ka to, 

vo stara pre UM. Esemploy: plentUMes - fulfil, oklumes - jektes miro ka algono. Cerbumes alte 

kapumes - forte panses, prokume - cirke


Instruments: (Instrumyentoy)


1. APARATORO  apparatus (like -ilo, -ijo )  televistoro, (televiro) komputoro (datoro)

2.  OPERATORO -oro - doktoro, dansoro, operatoro, animatoro, medyatoro, aviatoro

-atoro - (a thing) (agatoro) factor, agent - denominatoro  

-ataryo - (a person) (agataryo) amataryo, animataryo, medyataryo, aviataryo  

-il- tool, vehicle (mobile):  vehilo -vehicle,  fligilo - airplane, automobile - automobilo

-ij-  simple tool, instrument, means: perhande  untebla instrumyento,  intyenijo - container, yamij(er)o 

-cutlery, flamijoy - matches  (alumetoy), P: komputijo - smartphone, fonijo (Ay-fonijo?) skritijo - a 

pen, pencil


-obl - TROBLO (trouble more colloquial) (P: elektrOBLo = trouble with electricity. Trouble with 

money- pengOBLo, muniTROBLo) nervOBLo (nervotroblo)  problo - problemato


-ebl-  possibility (also: easy to…) eblezzo = ebla, portebla -portable, lektebla -legible, doktebla - easy 

to learn.

Xe pyuvebla - It may rain. (xe ga pyuves) kapeble - of course  

-ady-   material: kreadyo, verkadyo,  pintadyo, pentradyo (paint) brenadyo - fuel,  bildadyo - 

building material 

-ay-   P: ayo - month: Unayo - january (Januo), Dusayo - December.

-eska alike, (also about colours: guldeska, rujeska, blueska, oranjeska) pintureska - picturesque,  

(eskes - to be alike )

-abla (valabla) worthy of: amabla -loveable, ferabla - worth doing, virabla - worth seeing

- iv- P: 1. express by words or symbols or gesture. -  esprivo di jolo - jolivo, esprives tristezzo - 

tristives. P: Exhibit, demonstrate, present - esprives, ives.

- iv-  2.grammatical word.  Ex: Akuzativ

- io -  

1. names of countries: Fransio -France, Italia, Italio -Italy   also 

2. system or domain: demokracy -demokratio, domain- dominio, dinastio - dinasty, prentio -press

kunio - knowledge (kuno)

3. -ia  - means also possession = Fransia - of France.)

4. -ia - language Le … ia.  Le anglia (Angla), Le italia. Mi kuna le hispania.

-yuno- (posono) the descendent of, or a young animal, or a plant.(enfo, posono): gatyuno - kitten, 

hundyuno - puppy. arbYUNo a apling, from a tree.

-inid-  (posono) the descendent of, or a young human - royINIDano -prinsano alte prinseno. 

Karolo - Karolposonoy, Karolinidoy = dinastio fondita per Karolo le Grana. Latininida lingvo, 

(lango), va davyena de Latino. Esperantinida lango konstruita.


Halsufiksoy: (Lu daba esti prezentita il ofizzyala vortero.)

ren-  repetition, again or return. To REact. Give it back to me. - Dar mi to re, ren. (re+en)  = Rendares 

mi to.  Renvyenes, renges - To come back

-oy- 1. a special suffix to protect -if possible- from homonyms.  For example: -  antenna - (ant-

en-o) antenoyo

2. a special suffix to shorten long words: klosetoyo - kl-oyo, WC-o, ”loo".

(There are homonyms in Atlango too, as it is in all languages. For ex: in Esperanto: 

planeto - planet or plan-et-o  - a little plan.  But in this case in Atlango we have: Planeto 

- planet. In Atlango it is possible to avoid them also by using the suffix: 

-oyo) Es: planoyo. However sometimes the homonyms are even needed in literature and 

for jokes and games of words. 

For euphony and to avoid sound clusters especially between y and i it is possible to use suffix -

 -al-:  -al- nasialisto (nacionalist), teorialisto, historialisto


-ey- (korilat-vorto) place allotted to or characterized by. kuqeyo, kukteyo -kitchen, kafeyo - café, 

cafeteria, yameyo (yamorumo) - dining room.

-em- 1. (korilat-vorto) (tempo) enfemo - childhood, i modernemo -in modern times (modernem), 

fyestemo - holidays, prosem -soon (kortem). ALSO: When we were going - we met him - Vem mu gi 

- mu trefis li. G(and)-em mu trefis li. (Gandem mu trefis li)

-em- 2. time. em(um)-es = to spend a time doing something, to dedicate time to an activity, a 

process ( bepases tempo - temp-es)  lektEMes - to spend a time reading.

-eym - (korilat-vorto) aim, (intendo)  Veymo di ta forsoy, pengoy, strivoy. The purpose of these 

efforts, struggles.  Why? Veyme? Vende? For health purposes - San(id)eyme.

Also: Pronoun + -s…onta: mi-s keptonta -I am going to catch, mi esti keptonta-I was going to catch.

-er- (korilat-vorto) Quantity, amount: arbERo - forest, hominero -mankind.  Your age - Tua anyero. 


ga, gi, go   Intention: I am going to.  - Mi ga feres to.  I am going to read this book - Mi ga lektes ta 

buko.  Mi lektenda ta buko. Mi gi feres to... We are going to go to... Mu ga ges ka… or: Mu g-enda 


BE, BI, - Transivity makers.

SE,  SI, - Intransivity makers.

be+  (betraktes, bestestransivity maker, spesyala prefikso neutrala ti kausativa. 

(to make clearer that a verb is transitive)  

Lo signa transitivezzo. (in Esperanto - IG) bepures - clean, beebles - make possible, bekunes

bemortes - to kill

 bi+    transivity maker, (bitraktes, bistes) spesyala prefikso kausativa ko signifo: deprive, to take away, 

make somebody without ... - BIebles.  Bivives - to kill


si+   intransivity maker, (sistes) spesyala prefikso kausativa ko signifo: get rid of, become 

without … - SIebles,

sivives - suicide  

se +   intransivity maker, (sestes)  become, act of becoming, get (SESTES - become): sesto,  

sejov(es)o - becoming younger, selform(es)o = to form oneself, (like in Esperanto - igx-) 

refleksiva sufikso va sirva po feres netransitivezzo dil verboy transitiva.)

Esemploy: mi selava (mi lava mi), mi semeryena, mi semeryana !


afiksoy verbezzay:

am- , -am- 1.(ames -to love, to like very much) I like to read - mi(-s) lektama, I love to eat - mi(-s) 

yamama, 2. amtuktes, am-ob-es - caress

-im - make decision to... (from: decIMes) I decided to do it - Mi ferimis to. They 

decided to buy it. - Lu kofimis to. She decided to study fiziko - Qi studimis fiziko. She decides to go 

there. - Qi g-ima tren.

-ax- maxa: barbaxa (with beard)  truvaxa, solaxa, sabaxa plajo (sabyosa, sab-rika)

-ab- (dabes -must) - Tu spektaba to -You must watch it.

-ed- (puedes -can)- estede (ke)- may be,- to pueda estes ke... -it may be that…I can do it - Mi fereda 


-efr- (be afraid of) - efr-es,  Ta homino hund-efra – This man are afraid of dogs.

-ez- 1. (da le verbo dEZes -want - do toje dal verbo tendezes ) -mi g-eza ten. (Mi gand-eza ten) - I 

want  to go there. Mi dankezu ka tu - I would like to thank to you.  

        2. -ez- also as: tendency - tendEZo, ( in the same function as PRON+, ) disposition: kunprineza, 

kapeza -understanding, faleza, (plukfala -talkative)

-ob - (mobes - move ) - make a movement with. Make a gesture with. 

Briefly shut the eyes - Palpebrobi, kepobes = kepyeses - to nod by head , handobes - make a 

movement by hand. Manobes po (ka) - to reach with one ́s hand.   

P: -u- konstrU-es - to construct. ( bildes)

-ub-  (prubes) to try, Hi ferUBa to - He is trying to do it. (Anke ne ferUBes to!)  (ne f-ubes to!)


Afiksoy propondata: P:

-eng-  to go towards something. Go to sleep - dormenges, kamenges, enges - to go to

ful- 1. amount. Es: handful of money - FULhando di munio, fulbrasoy di floroy, 

fulpokso di munio, fulmaro di amo, fulfuresto di problem(at)oy, fulkepo di ideoy.

ful- 2. amount.  (satiated, to the full)  fulfil - fulferes, plentumi, Mi-s fuldormita.

vyol- violently, very intensively. violbatres = irbatres, violkorses = korsodes

-(e)klanko sound of, resound, howl: mahineklanko, gateklanko (mewing) 

vyenteklanko -wailing of the wind , aqeklanko, sekneklanko di folyoy, pyoreklanko.

Atlango esta le lango belklanka. (belsonida)

-ek- pludeko - a toy.  auteko - a toy-car,  homineko - a doll,  muzikeko - a musical toy

plau- (plaudo) funny, plau-mano - a funny man

IR- to start action suddenly, also ironically. (Goes -to start, burst with, into. IR!)

vezza iro - What a ruckus, tumult! Vezza irado! 

P:  –ual-  manualo, - handbook, handualo - handle,  kepualo - hat


-apo-  (aplikado) application,  plud-apo, plaudapo, vir-apo, 

-iz-  organIZo - organization, to organize something (izes).  laboristizo - workers 

organization,  cooperative- kooperaktizo

-izm - (-alizmo) denotes a system, doctrine or belief: katolik-izmo = Catholicism; real-

izmo = realism. 

-aryat- institution, organisation, (ofizzo, kontoro) secretariat - sekret-aryato, 


P: -ifik- or -if- (to produce, to fabricate) martel-if(ik)-isto = hammer maker

or: -if(ik)-(to produce) - Es: flores , seflores = flor-if-es, to bleed - sangifes (sangum-es)

-ublo - furniture (mublo) skritublo, bukublo, dormublo, kleudublo - garde-robo, bukubleto, sindelo - 


-umyento  from: dokumyento - a proof document. Identumyento, (dokumyento identall) 

Sanumyento. Purmesumyento,(dokumyento purmesall), kofumyento, xopumyento,  

(dokumyento kofall), pasumyento, entrumyento, naskumyento (dokumyento di naskakto) 

P: (-ur result or product of action, expression: pikturo (piktado) -drawing, pinturo (pintado) - 

painting,  piktures (piktives)- to show expression by drawing. Nauzuro (=nauzIVo) -expression of 

disgust. Nauzives - to show expr. of disgust)



There are words with stress on the last syllable, which are ended by -all and even by -arr

Atento: le vorto finita pe -all-arr esta somtempe adyektivo ti adverbivo!-ALL,-ARR(of, relating to)

Por esemplo: toty/a/e -totyall´,  norm/a/e -normall´ (usual, usually)

skyel/a/e -skyelarr´,  sol/a/e- solarr´,  milit/a/e -militarr´

ATENTO: Ta formo (-all ) ( -arr ) untata-s  (esta untata)  solme pos subestansivoy ti spesye 

(spesyall) po stilistiko ti toje i letraturo.

Lo apera toje formoy: ala, ale, ara, are ! (normala, solara)

This special form is used sparingly and for stilistics only! Always AFTER a noun or a verb.


I poezio xe pueda untes (unteda) le apostrofo za le (zal) subestansiva finado -o

Dom ́ , heym ́ , sol ́  (za, zam+,   instead)

Po eufonio (buneklanko ti fluventa pronunso) - vortoy i Atlango le plu freqe sefina pe vokaloy. 

A E I O U ho pe ”semi-vokaloy": M N R L W Y .

Toje lo-s vortoy ko finadoy: S, T, K, X. 

Po esemplo: ok - 8 ti interjektivoy (interjections) klik! -click! xx! hax! -hush! hup! -hop!


pore- (something to be done, that must be done) poreferoy,  (ferABADoy) payable- porepago 

pare- (to parry - parees) paresolo -parasol (solombrelo), parepyuvo = ombrelo (umbrella) 

parefanko, parepeto (vindobreto - windowsill)

porte- ( partial container) portevoco -spokesman,  porteovo (ovuyo) - egg cup  (porte-cindro)-ash-

tray,  porte-noto,  wallet, purse - porte-pengo 


Le verbo ESTES:

To be - estes. Mi esta - Mi-s - I am.

”Da estes alte ne estes? (n-estes) To-s le frago." -To be or not to be? That is the question.”

”Da estes alte ne-s?  Tezzol frago.” 

Esta “is/am/are” is often contracted to -s  but only in the present tense.

Xe purmesa formoy korta: (me solme i estantezzo) -s

Mi-s felica. I´m lucky. (In Atlango we use "-" to replace missing letters in contractions. )

Mu-s kontenta -We´re glad.

Lu ne-rika - Lu n-esta rika. Lu ne rika.  They´re not rich 

(Est)es = to be, ALSO: ES! = be!

I poezio mu unteda toje tezza pli korta formoy:   stes, sta, sti, sto, stu

Unu purmesa omites ”esta" ti ”-s" pos pronimoy! Esemple: Mi trista - I am sad. Qi ne rika - 

She is not rich.

In Atlango there is also a very useful verb:  jestes - toje estes ( je-s )

P: The writer IS ALSO a keen observer – Ta verkisto JESTA (toje esta) ferva oservanto.


The compound tenses with EST-  should not be used if the simple tenses suffice to show the meaning clearly.


It would be interesting to use -s after nouns in more advanced Atlango  

or even after adjectives:

 (In poetry?) My car is very big.  Ma auto-s molte grana. Or: Ma auto mlote grana-s.

P: It is even possible to omit ”esta”: Ma auto grana.


 I korta sentenzzoy xe faleda:

To-s kavelo - It`s a horse. To-s mi,  lo-s mi - It`s me.

Tro-s domo, va-s  le plu skalta. -That is a house which is the highest. 

Da tu-s foma?  (yameza?) -Are you hungry? 

Retorical questions:

Vo-s? Vo lo-s? - What’s up? 

Ve-s? Ve lo-s? What is the situation? How things are?  Ve-s ko tu? = Ve lo-s ko tu? Ve tu-s?

Tey lo-s… There is...

Le verbo MAXES: 

Maxes - to have. 

Maxes is often contracted to -x in the present tense. (-x from a word: to have - maxes) 

Mi-x to - I have it. Mi ne-x to - I have not it.


Il kezo vem alga neklarezzoy aperedu, xe unta prel verbo le vorteto (montre- indikativa): to 

alte (impersonal):  lo ”it" (Po konstates alga fato - situenzo ) 


To lokta un misteria homino i tra domo - alte: Lo lokta un misteria homino i tra domo. 

It was sunny yesterday - Timpe lo esti solarr. (sole)

Talking about distance:

"How far is it to London? It's 100 kilometers." - Ve longe lo-s ka Londono? Lo-s 100 kilometroy.

Mu pueda untes le helpoverbo LO  impersonal "there": Lo esta (Lo-s)

Talking that something exists in a particular place:


Lo esto ( Lo-s) molta trafiko i ta urbo tompe (tomorrow). 

Lo estenta toje islo kol nimo le Islo Okesma. 

Lo ne-s pli di lakto pol kafo.

Lo estes!  Es! = Be! Let it be!


Le verbo Feres: - to make

We use its shorter forms: feres = fes,  fes! (do!) 

(As usually we use all short forms in Atlango very carefully!)


Le verbo Gandes = Ges: - to go  

We use its shorter forms: ges, gi, ga, go, ges! (go!) 

Instead of: gandanta - ganda, gande, g-inta, g-onta  etp.

Even: enges - to go to, instead of: engandes

Renges - go back. Come back! - Renvyen!

Mi gEZa - I want to go

Mi gABa - I must go

Mi gIMa - I take decision to go…

Mi gEBa - I need to go…   and so on.

den-g-es - to go out

in-g-es - to go in = entri

faren-g-es - go away

zorges, (vauges) - wade


Pri transitiva ti netransitiva verbivoy.

Generale xe faleda ke ne estenta alga grana teorio pril transitivezzo. 

Xe n-ebla prefales va verboy esto transitiva ti va esto netransitiva.

Mu unteda le vorteto BE+  (feres algezza) 

We can use the word  BE+ or  the verb: feres, fes

( Be+ (causative) to make a verb transitive. 

The word SE+ (become, get) to make a verb intransitive.) 

Nu tu unteda to konfe le konteksto! 

But you can also use it with the context!

Intransitive verbs become causative simply by adding an object:

Mi moba - I move - Mi moba le sejo - I move the chair.


Mi semoba - Mi bemoba le sejo.

                 In Atlango verb transitivity (BE+) is also flexible and contextual. 

Verbs may be used as transitive or intransitive, if the meaning in that sentence is unequivocal. 

(An intransitive verb does not have an object. You can use it without having to add any more 

words to the sentence. A transitive verb must have an object.

Mi mobis foren,  alte: mi mobis foren le vehilo

Also: (to make it clearer) Mi sammobis  alte: mi bemobis foren le vehilo. 

Le aqo kukti ( the water was boiling) or: (I boiled some water) = mi kuktis pokter aqo. Mi bekuktis 

pokter aqo.

Importa:  SE  - ta vorteto untata-s ve Esperanta ”igxi” (esemplo: Le dyemoy selonga. Le 

dyemoy sesta longa)


Formoy partisipa:

Partisipoy aktiva (aktivo)  sefina pe:  -inta, -anta, -onta

virinta -having seen

viranta - seeing

vironta - about to see

amanta - loving

amanto - one who is loving


1. Notes, ke kol finado - o, le partisipo habe beskrita un persono bekarakterita pel ago dil partisipo.   

Notice that with the noun ending, the participle usually describes a person characterised by the 

action of the participle.

2. Mu pueda untes zal formo: virante - le formoy pli korta:  vir-e or: vir-em !

Esemplo: Do not allow your teen to drive while eating, drinking or talking on a cell phone.

Ne purmes ka tua S-anya autes yamante (yamem), (drinkante - drinkem) drink-e alte (parolante - 

parolem) parol-e il fonijo.

(pokte-S-anya,  deste-anya ... teen years old)


Partisipoy pasiva:

Le partisipoy pasiva (finita-s) finaba pa: -ita, ata, ota

virita -seen

virata -being seen, amato - a loved one

virota - about to be seen, ferota laboro -Work that will be done

amato - one who is loved


Trovinte pomo, li tom yamis.- Finding (having found) an apple, he ate it. 

But you can say: Trovem pomo, li tom yamis.

Mi esta trovinto dil pomo.

Ma amata. Le amata mina. (Ma amo) - My love.

Pagonte qi gis (gondis) – She left before paying. 

Partisipoy pasiva (Pasivo) (Passive voice) i aktiva modo finita-s pe: -ita-s, ata-s, ota-s (uta-s) 

Atlango estis lesita pe (di) studantoy- Atlango lesita-s pe studantoy. 


Unu pueda untes tojel (jel) formo: + est = Atlango lesestis pe studantoy, Atlango lesesta pe 





(PLUKE - too much - plukemolte, pluke)


PLU,  makse, (maksemum(e) - most – P:  isma (belisma)

(le) plu Es:  (le)  Plu bela 

PLi - more  +


    ------- PLO - more or less -PLOKE  -EGALE ( plomolta) ----------


PLe- less    


least, minimum(e) (minimume),  (le) pla Es:  (le)  pla bela  –P: asma (belasma)


PLAKE - too little 


Buna - meyora, pli buna - plu buna, makse buna, bunisma - byesta

Buna - peyora, ple buna, - pla buna, minimume bun, bunasma - vresta

Mala - pli mala, makse mala, malisma –vresta


P: pluko - surplus,  plako -shortage (kortero)

plusto, plisto, plesto, plasto


molte rapide -very fast,  pli rapide -faster, (le)plu rapide -the fastest

(Unu pueda untes: makse rapida alte rapida maksemume - rapidisma)

ple rapida -slower. pla rapida -slowest -rapidasma

(Unu toje unteda: (le) minimume rapida)

pli ve, pli da -more than (pli molte, ve, da)

Pli bela kanye qi -  Pli bela ve qi = Pli bela ye qi = More beautiful than she.

kanye, (ve, ye) – (in Esperanto:  ol)


PLONGE(m) -  further  (in Esperanto:  plu)  

Po esemplo: ne plonge = ne pli longem - no longer

plonges - plonge restes i alga stenso: le turpa meteo (klimo) plonga.

beplonga - Plonge feres - Hi beplonges  laboreso. (pares, kontines)  

(Mu unteda DUR zame plonge.)   


THE...... THE..... - VE...... TE..... the more the better - ve pli molte, te pli bune 

Also correct: Yo pli (molter), SO (SOVE) meyore. (better)


Week days - Dyemoy dil zemango (viko): 

Monday -       Lyundo , on Monday - Lyundyem, Lyunde

Tuesday -       Mardo, Mardyem

Wednesday -  Sredo, Sredyem

Thursday -     Jodo,   Jodyem

Friday -          Frado, Fradyem

Saturday -      Sabdo, Sabdyem

Sunday -        Soldo,  Soldyem

weekend - vikendo, So-dyemoy (Sabd-Sol-dyemoy)

Lo-s lyundo tampe - tampo -today (P: adyem)

Lo esti soldo timpe - timpo -yesterday (P: idyem)

Lo esto mardo tompe -tomorrow (P: odyem)

Le artiklivo LE untatas po indikes (indikeyme) le dyemo (le jorno) dil munayo (ayo). 

(munayo, ayo = month)

Mi senaskis yel zema di Aprilyo ( Qarayo). Tampe lo-s le pena di Marto (Trinayo)


Month - munayo, ayo (-ayo - from Turkish)

January - Janayo, Unayo (Una ayo)

February - Febrayo, Duayo

March - Marco, Trinayo

April - Aprilayo, Qarayo

May - Mayo, Penayo

June - Juno, Seuayo

July - Yulayo, Zemayo

August - Agosto, Okayo

September - Septembro, Ninayo

October - Oktobro, Destayo

November - Novembro, Unsayo

December - Decembro, Dusayo


In Atlango there are reduplicated forms which increase the intensity and also its expressiveness.


molmolte, volvolte, plenplenta, belbela, finfine


Lektante ti konpyarante le seqa tekstoy Tu  simple kapeda ke Atlango estal lango 

skaltagrade koncisa ti eufonia.

Le difersa  konpyaradoy:

Esperanto (1889)

Multaj el ĉiuj tiuj junaj kaj maljunaj idealistoj, kiuj aliĝis al Esperanto jam dum siaj unuaj jaroj kaj 

esperis ĝian tujan enkondukon en ĉiujn lernejojn, baldaŭ estis seniluziigitaj.

ATLANGO (2019)

Molta de cal idealistoy jova ti olda, vi sekanis ka Esperanto yus durem xa prima anyoy ti esperi tia

bliksa indukto i ca skoloy, kortem sideludis.

Interlingua (1951)

Multos de omne le idealistas juvene e vetere, qui adhereva a Esperanto jam durante su prime annos e 

sperava su introduction immediate in omne scholas, tosto esseva disillusionate.

In Swedish

Många av alla de unga och gamla idealister, som anslöt sig till Esperanto redan under dess första år 

och hoppades på dess omedelbara införande i alla skolor, blev snart besvikna.


Esperanto   Prenu ĉiujn tiujn kiujn vi volos kaj lasu ĉiujn tiujn kiuj ne plaĉos al vi.

Atlango       Prin ta cay, vam tu dezo ti las(es) ta cay vam tu ne kyera.

Ido               Prenez ti omna, quin vu volos, e lasez ti omna, qui ne plezos a vu.

English       Take all those, which you want, and leave all those, which you don't like.


Esperanto:  Ĉu ŝi ĉiam ruĝiĝas ĉe ĉio?  (tongue twister)

Atlango:     Da qi cem seruja ye co?


Esperanto:  Ĝis revido! — li ekkriis.  (tongue twister)

Atlango:     Astevire! – li klamis.


Esperanto:  La malbela majlunulino mallaute malfermis la pordon al sia kelo kaj malrapide    

                   malsupreniris la stuparon.

Atlango:     Le turpa oldeno molaude abris le pordo ka xa kelo ti lenke deskendi le stupero. 

Ido:             La leda oldino silence apertis la pordo a sua kelero e lente decensis l´eskalero.

English:      The ugly old woman quietly opened the door to her basement and slowly descended 

                    the stairs.





The idea of a world literature, which Herder and Goethe conceived essentialy from the point of view of art, has now gained even greater importance from the point of view of science. For, of the things that mankind possesses in common, nothing is so truly universal and international as science. Now al communication and propogation of science uses the means supplied by language, and so the internationality of science irresistably demands the internationality of language. If we consider that today numerous scientific works, particularly textbooks, are translated into twelve or more foreign languages, then we understand what an immense quantity of labour could be saved, if everywhere on the globe books could be as generaly understood as, for example, musical notes or tables of logarithms.


Le ideo pri letraturo mondall, vam Herder ti Goethe konseptis cefe del virpunto dil arto, akiris tyem del virpunto dil xenzo anke pli grana importo. Bo del kosadoy, vam le hominero posida konie, no-s te verde universall ti internasiall vel xenzo. Tyem ca komunikeso ti propageso dil xenzo unta moyo dil lango ti so internasiezzo dil xenzo nerezisteble postula internasiezzo dil lango. Yo mu koncidos, ke tampe molter xenza verkoy, spesye lesobukoy, translangata-s i duso alte pli di alya langoy, so mu kapos, ver grana qantero di laboro sparit-edus, yo bukoy ceymonde kapat-edu te generale ve esemple muziknotoy alte logaritma tabeloy.

ESPERANTO (The accented letter is followed by an x in this text.)

La ideo pri mondliteraturo, kiun Herder kaj Goethe konceptis cxefe el la vidpunkto de la arto, akiris nun el la vidpunkto de la scienco multe pli gravan signifon. Cxar el la komunaj posedajxoj de la homaro, neniu estas tiel vere gxenerala kaj internacia kiel la scienco. Sed cxiu komunikado kaj disvastigado de la scienco uzas la helpilon de la lingvo kaj tial la internacieco de la scienco nerezisteble postulas la internaciecon de la lingvo. Se ni konsideras, ke nuntempe kelkaj sciencaj verkoj, precipe lernolibroj, estas tradukitaj en dek du au pli da fremdaj lingvoj, tiam ni komprenas, kiom granda kvanto da laboro povus esti sxparata, se libroj cxie en la mondo povus esti tiel gxenerale komprenataj kiel ekzemple la muziknotoj aux logaritmaj tabeloj.  


La ideo pri mondo-literaturo, quan Herder e Goethe konceptis esence del vidpunto dil arto, ganis nun del vidpunto dil cienco mem plu granda importo. Nam del kozi, quin la homaro posedas komune, nula es tam vere universala ed internaciona kam la cienco. Or, omna komunikado e propogado dil cienco uzas la moyeno dil linguo, do la internacioneso dil cienco postulas nerezisteble la internacioneso dil linguo. Se ni konsideras, ke cadie sat multa ciencala verki, specale lernolibri, tradukesas aden dekedu o plu multa stranjera lingui, ni komprenas, qua enorma quanteso de laboro povus sparesar, se libri omnaloke sur la terglobo povus komprenesar tam generale, kam exemple muzikal noti o logaritmala tabeli.


Li idé pri mund-literature, quel Herder e Goethe hat conceptet esentialmen ex li vidpunctu del arte, ha nu ganat ancor mult plu grand importantie ex li vidpunctu del scientie. Nam de omni comun possedages del homanité niun es tam vermen general e international, quam scientie. me omni comunication e transmediation del scientie usa li medie del lingue. Do li internationalità del scientie ínresistibilmen postula li internationalità del lingue. Si noi considera, que hodie pluri sciential ovres, specialmen libres de aprension, trova se traductet in decidu o plu foren lingues, tande noi comprende quel immens quantità de labor on vell economisar, si on vell posser comprender libres partú sur li glob sam generalmen quam por exemples notes e tabelles de logaritmes.


Li idee pri monde-literature, kel Herder e Goethe koncepted esentialim fro li vidpunctu del arte, ha nun ganat mem multim plu grand importanteso fro li vidpunctu del scientie. Den ek li coses kel li homaro posese comunim, nuli es tam verim general e international kam li scientie. Or omni comunico e mediatione del scientie usa li moyene del lingue, dunke li internationaleso del scientie demanda nonresistablim li internationaleso del lingue. Si nus considera ke disdi pluri sciential verkes, particularim lernolibres, es traductet en dekdu e plu multi stranjeri lingues, tand nus comprenda qui imensi quanteso de laboro povud bli sparat, si libres povud omnilok sur li globe bli comprendat tam generalim kam exemplim musical notes o tabeles de logaritmes.


Idea de literatura mundiale, que Herder et Goethe habe intellecto præcipue ex puncto de visu de arte, habe hodie acquisito, ex puncto de visu de scientia, sensu etiam majore. Nam, de commune possesiones de genere humano, nihil es tam generale et internationale quam scientia. Sed omne communicatione et propogatione de scientia ute auxilio de lingua, et ita internationalitate de scientia postula in modo irresistibile internationalitate de lingua. Si nos considera, que hodie plure opere scientifico, in particulare tractatus, es translato in duodecim vel plus lingua extero, tunc nos cognosce quale immane mole de labore pote es præservato, si libros, ubicumque in terra, pote es æqualiter intellecto in generale, sicut per exemplo notas musicale aut tabulas de logarithmos.


Le idea de literatura mundial que Herder e Goethe concipeva essentialmente ex li puncto de vista del arte, ha nunc ganate ancora multo plus grande importantia ex li puncto de vista del scientia. Nam de omne commun possessiones del humanitate necun es tam vermente general e international quam le scientia. Sed omne communication e propagation del scientia usa le medio del lingua. Tunc le internationalitate del scientia irresistibilemente postula le internationalitate del lingua. Si nos considera, que hodie plure obras scientific, specialmente libros de insenio, se trova traducite in dece-duo o plus linguas estranie tunc nos comprende qual immense quantitate de labor on economisarea, si on poterea tanto generalmente comprender libros ubicumque apud le globo como assi notas musical o tabulas de logarithmos.


Tey mi prezenta le soma teksto translangita ka difersa langoy konstruita. 

Volapük   (M. Schleyer, 1879)

Söls palestimöl!

Elilädob in gased zifa olsik das nedols konodeli sevöl, plä bukamav, Flentänapüki e Volapük. Jabedob 

sevis pevipöl e sikodo sumob libi lofön oles dünis obik plo cäl vagik.

ESPERANTO   (L. Zamenhof, 1887)

Altestimataj sinjoroj!

En la gazeto de via urbo mi legis, ke vi serĉas kontoriston, kiu konas krom la librotenado ankaŭ  la 

francan kaj Esperanton. Mi posedas la deziratajn konojn, kaj pro tio mi prenas la liberecon prezenti al vi 

miajn servojn por la vakanta ofico.

ATLANGO   (R.A Antonius 2019)

Estimidabla Sioroy!

Il jornalo di Tua urbo mi lektis, ke tu treba kontoristo, vi kuna adve registrago toje le fransia ti Atlango. 

Mi-x ta dezirata kunoy, ti po to mi prina le liberezzo Tun prezentes ma sirvoy pol vakanta postino.

IDO (L. Couturat, 1907)

Altestimata Siori!

En la jurnalo di via urbo me lektis, ke vi bezonas kontoristo qua ultre la registrago savas la franca ed Ido. 

Me posedas la dezirata konocaji, e pro to me prenas la libereso prizentar a vi mea servi por la vakanta 



Honoratissimo dominos!

In diurnale de Vestro urbe, me habe lecto quod Vos indige uno computatore qui ultra mercatura librario 

cognosce français et Latino sine Flexione. Mi posside scientia desiderato, ergo me prehende libertate de 

praesenta ad Vos meo servitio pro officio vacante.


Altestimat Seniores!

En li gazette de vor cité yo ha leet que vu besona un contorist quel ultra li tenida de libres conosse 

frances e Occidental. Yo possede li desirat conossenties, e pro to yo prende li libertá presentar vós mi 

servicies por li vacant officie.

NOVIAL (O. Jespersen, 1928)

Estimatissime Seniores!

In li jurnale de vusen urbo me ha lekte, ke vus bezona un kontoriste kel ulter libreteno konosa fransum e 

Novial. Me posese li desirat savos, e pro tum me prenda li libereso tu presenta a vus men servo por li 

vakant ofisie.

INTERLINGUA (A. Gode, 1951)

Estimatissima Seniores!

In le jornal de vostre urbe io ha legite que vos besonia un commisso que ultra le tenantie de libros etiam 

cognosce le linguas francase e Interlingua. Io possede le desiderate cognoscentias e pro illo io prende 

me le libertate de presentar mi servicios pro iste officio, si ancora vacante.


Ne olves informes  conoy tua amikoy pe ta sayto!

Vi dokto Atlango, ta granprezzos ta lango! 

Mi invita Tu po feres linkoy ka ta sayto Atlanga.


Olda kamboy:

(Versio kol kamboy:ADY,PADI,Igi,max-i,pro qo,anke,bau-,bay-,LI-TONO,bres!Bre-,drem,xi-6,-r - va, ki - zam au!-eym ki, ti- zam - ki, zam revo-sogno,toje, zam vido - vuaro,visto, duem, volto. dodi -od-,dunke, exemplo,ji,ept,-ind-i, pri,pyovi,dau,daur-i,lokt-i,naubo,za padi= pabi,kosado, za ady =ado,ak-i = get,ge,sonto, sfenti, vuero, fuego, lazza, kfenke, yeno, agi, andi,vit-i,pri - za xe, primera, oklo, peyore, plando, kloko, malga,algino, rovi,rekfesi, valejo,-ej, pren, ploy, vasta, frenze, ren-, varti, lenke, bordo, yel-i, gelba, geti, albo, albusko, arb-i, xe - pe. pa ,perisi, paxi, syem, suenti,gi, snovo, fau- fel- sueloy, zem, pelmo, sorina, mankfo, piro, fliko, pueno, gria, hal-, korilati, ri, tira, steri, do, dari, cepa, 6-seu, koso, kutimo Ku- velti, kulbi, avoydi, num, retre, kepo, kapi, re, viaho, ki, naudi, gemi, lengi, kia aperi, jasi, zolvi, sti, pretindi, -ind-, saja, stensi, lokfi, eventi, zendi, dusto, -ero,aryo, des+i, nu-, ve! varda, verio, tempudo, nau, nul-, numo, aryum-i ko, auest+es, au, kf-,numbro, ye, pe -ed, ti +es)spedes,zzi,prumbes, +ub, milo, +uel+, vedes, draumo, pres, ju, od, edes, uska, ind, ploke dres, pres freke, Q pronounce: KF,ibl  ute, -eft, volto = exo

Le plu nuva kamboy:  ves - ges  Q - V - Da? - MO- (despyaro, myero


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